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Jenny Kerfoot

on 7 November 2015

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Transcript of ADDICTION

Some things to consider....

The Disease Model of
First developed by Jellinek in the 1940's when working with alcoholics
Addiction is a physiological problem, not a moral one
The substance's effect on the body makes the person unable to control their use without treatment
A video about addiction
For more information on the disease model of addiction, read the following article:





Stevens, P & Smith, R. (2015) Substance abuse counseling: theory and practice. (5th ed.) Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Drug Effects on the Brain
Drugs activate the brain's pleasure circuit and increase dopamine (the chemical associated with happiness)
Drugs change the way that nerotransmitters work, some block the transmitters which creates additional dopamine; others mimic the action of the these neurotransmitters or cause the brain to produce more dopamine than normal
Over time, the body will need more of the drug to receive these same results causing intense cravings for the drugs
Image retrieved from: https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugs-brains-behavior-science-addiction/drugs-brain
Image retrieved from: http://terrygorski.com/2012/04/29/brain-disease-expanding-into-a-unified-model/
Treatment for Addicts

Since addiction is a chronic disease, one wil fight their disease their entire lifetime; they can only go into remission
The only way to be in complete recovery is to abstain from use altogether
Any slip up will start the recovery process completely over
Peer groups (such as Alcoholics Anonymous & Narcotics Anonymous) are especially helpful for treatment
Many treatments include 6 step, 9 step or 12 step models
Hereditary Factors
"Addiction is due 50% to gentic predisposition."
"Children of addicts are 8 times more likely to develop an addiction."
Retrieved from:
Full transcript