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Landforms

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by

john segers

on 2 September 2013

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Transcript of Landforms

Landforms
volcanoes
A Volcano is a vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, and ashes.
A map of major volcanoes
Volcanoes
Ex. A volcano in Mount
St. Helens in the
United State.
A picture of a
volcanoe
A Map of a Lake
Lake
Lake
Lake is a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surround by land.
A picture of a lake
Ex. The Great Lakes
in the U.S. and
Canada.
Plateau
Plateau is a land area having a relatively level surface.
A Map of a Plateau
A picture of a Plateau
A Plateau
Plateaus can be formed by a number of processes. Plateaus can also be formed by the erosional processes of glaciers on Mountain Range.
Ex. the Decan Plateau of Central
India from Mountain Range.
The Canyon
The Canyon
Canyon is a deep valley with steep sides,often with a stream flowing through it.
A map of a Canyon
A picture of a Canyon
the Canyon
Most canyons were formed by a process of long-time erosion from a plateau level. Canyons are much more common in arid areas.
Ex. A Provo Canyon is located in
Utah
Plain
Plain is a plain trail to the river to stand in plain view.
a map of a Plain
A picture of Plain
L
Plain
Ex. Pedro Plains in the best island in the world of Jamaica.
River
River is a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite
River
Ex. The Mississippi River in the United States
A Map of a River
A picture of a river
River
A river is a natural water course, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, a lake or a sea. Rivers are part of hydrological
cycle.
Landforms

Strait
Strait
A Map of a Strait
A picture of a Strait
Strait
A Strait is a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water.
Ex. The Palk Strait in
the Bay of Bengal
A Strait refers to a
channel of water that lies
between two land masses.
It may also refer to a navigable channel.
Sound
Sound
Sound is the sensation produced by stimulation of the organs of hearing by vibrations transmitted through the air or other medium.
A Map of a Sound
A picture of a Sound
Sound
Ex. The Marlborough Sounds in New
Zealand.
Sound is often formed by the sea flooding a river valley. It produces a long inlet to continue beneath the water to form a sloping sea
form.
Isthmus
Isthmus is a narrow strip of land, bordered both sides by water.
A Map of Isthmus
Picture of isthmus
ISTHMUS
Ex. The Crinan Canal in the United
Kingdom.
Isthmus of Corinth
Gulf
Gulf is a portion of an ocean or sea partly enclosed by land.
A map of a Gulf
A picture of a Gulf
Gulf
Gulf of Mexico is the ninth largest body of water in the world and referred to as the Mediterranean of the Americas. It is located at the southeastern corner of North America.
Ex. The Gulf of Alaska in Alaska
Archipelago
Archipelago
Archipelago isany large body of water with many islands.
A Map of Archipelago
A picture of Archipelago
Archipelago
The Archipelago was the proper name for the Agean Sea then later the usage shifted to refer to the Aegean Island.
Ex. The Chagos Archipelago in south of India
Basin
Basin
Basin is a circular container with a greater width than depth become smaller toward the bottom.
A map of a Basin
A picture of a Basin
Basin
Basin can be the area of a drydock which can be flooded and drained. Drainage Basin is a topographic low area with no drainage outlet.
Ex.
The Basin of the Great Salt
Lake
Butte
Butte
Butte is an isolated hill or mountain rising abruptly above the surroundings.
A map of Butte
A picture of the Butte
Butte
A Butte is a conspicious isolated hill with steep often vertical sides and a small telatively flat top. Buttes are smaller than mesas, plateaus, and table landforms.
Ex. Kamiak Butte in Washington State
Cape
Cape
Cape is a piece of land jutting into the sea or some other large body of water.
A picture of the Cape
Cape
Cape is a pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, ocean, lake, or river. A cape usually represents a marked change in trend of the coastline.
Ex. The Cape Breton island
A Map of a Cape
Delta
Delta
Delta is a nearly flat plain of alluvial deposit between diverging braches of the mouth of a river.
A Map of delta
A picture of Delta
Delta
Ex. The Wax Lake Delta in
Louisiana.
Delta is river that flows into an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, or reservoir. Deltas are formed from the deposition of the
sediment.
Glacier
Glacier
Glacier is an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating.
A map of a Glacier
A picture of a Glacier
Glacier
A Glacier forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation. Glaciers slowly deform and flow due to stresses inducted by their weight.
Ex. The Malaspina Glacier in
Alaska
Hill
Hill
Hill is a natural elevation of the Earth's surface and its smaller than a mountain.
A map of a Hill
A picture of a Hill
Hill
A Hill may refer to a particular section of flat terrain without a massive summit. It can extend above the surrounding terrain.
Ex. The Sacramento Hill located in
Colorado
Mountain
Mountain is a natural elevation of the earth's surface rising more or less abruptly to a summit.
A map of a Mountain
A picture of a Mountain
Mountain
A Mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. Also Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers.
Ex. The Rocky
Mountain
Peninsula
Peninsula
Peninsula is an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus.
A map of a Peninsula
A picture of a peninsula
Peninsula
Peninsula is apiece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland. The surrounding water is usually uderstood to belong to a single and contiguous body of water.
Ex. The Mexico's Baja Peninsula in
Mexico
Tributary
Tributary
Tributary is a stream that flows to a large stream or other body of water.
A map of Tributary
Tributary
A Tributary does not flow directly into a sea or a ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river serve to drain the surrounding drainage basin of its surface water and groundwater by leading the water out into an ocean or sea.
Ex. Illinois, Missouri, and Ohio are all
tributary rivers of Mississippi
A picture of Tributary
The ring of fire of
the volcanoe.
The lakes are inland and not part of the ocean. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers and streams which are
usually flowing.
The Columbiaplateau
features
There are two rivers on
the left
The water flowing
The Strait of dover
Water flowing in a
direction.
Cashmere,
Washington
The Gulf of Alaska
The Elephant Butte Lake State
Park
The Northern Cape
The Pearl River Delta
The Glacier National Park
The Kings Hill Scenic
Byway
There are Mountains in Asia, Africa, South
America, and Australia.
The Korean Peninsula
Major Tributaries of the
Sacramento
Full transcript