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Pan's Labyrinth

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Zoe Falkenstein

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Pan's Labyrinth

Children and adults show resilience in different ways. This is seen in George Eman Vaillant’s categorization of defense mechanisms. Children normally show more resilience strategies in the level 2 category titled “Immature.” These mechanisms, including the fantasy coping strategy, are often defined as “lessen[ing] distress and anxiety provoked by threatening people or by uncomfortable reality."
What is Resiliency?
Resiliency is defined as “the ability to maintain a relatively stable, healthy level of psychological and physical functioning in the face of highly disruptive events and the capability to recuperate from such challenges."

The Hyper-reality of Pan's Labyrinth
How it Connects
Concept of hyper reality referring to Ophelia and how she uses it as a coping mechanism
Images used in Prezi
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, in order for a child to be diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder they must have been through an experience that is deemed traumatic. In order for an event to be deemed traumatic to a child, it must meet two specific criteria

What is Hyper-reality?
(noun) an image or simulation, or an aggregate of images and simulations, that either distorts the reality it purports to depict or does not in fact depict anything with a real existence at all, but which nonetheless comes to constitute reality
Well, what does that mean?
Jean Baudrillard, a French sociologist and philosopher, researched the idea of hyper-reality to explain that humans were starting to accept simulated versions of reality.

When the Berlin Wall came down, there is documentation to prove that people at the site carried around hand-held televisions. This is so they could see themselves on screen on the live news. Hyper-reality explains it as people needing verification to prove that they were actually a part of this significant event.
According to the American Psychological Association, resilience is not a trait you are born with. It can be learned and developed in anyone. It is also a personal experience. Because everyone does not react to stress and traumatic events in the same way, they develop different approaches to become resilient.
Criterion A1
“The person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of oneself or others”
Criterion A2
“ The person’s response to the event must involve intense fear, helplessness, or horror”
The death of a father
A child who experiences the loss of a loved one will be faced with enormous amounts of stress from that traumatic experience.

After experiencing the death of a loved one (whether it be a violent or non-violent passing), a common reaction among children and adolescence is post-traumatic stress disorder.

There is an increased rate of post-traumatic stress disorder among children who lost their parent suddenly.

One way to remain resilient is to develop a coping mechanism. In Pan’s Labyrinth, Ofelia develops a fantasy world in order to cope with her harsh reality. She uses this new world as an escape. She feels wanted and important in her fantasy. According to Mack LeMouse, creating fantasies are most common in children and are used as a defense mechanism to escape reality.
The likelihood of a child suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder increases in war stricken regions.

“The severity of these symptoms are directly related to environmental disturbances such as

displacement from ones home
loss of property
proximity to combat
severity and length of combat
irrational perception of threats and death
absence of parental or alternative social support
violence in families”
Ofelia's Situation
Displacement from ones home: she had to move to the military base

Proximity to combat: because she is living on the military base, she is up close and personal to the violence between the captain’s forces and the rebels; she lost her father during the war

Severity and length of combat: the war has been going on for 5 years and is very violent and intense

Absence of parental or alternative social support: because her father is dead and her mother is so preoccupied with the captain and the pregnancy, Ofelia doesn’t have a real solid support system to help her get through the traumatic times she is experiencing

Violence in families: although the captain is not violent towards Ofelia till the end he is a very violent man as you can see in the torture scene

In the movie, Ofelia is faced with many hardships. Her father died, she was forced to move to a new place, and her new "father" does not care about her well-being. She is also living in the middle of the civil war
Since Ofelia is dealing with so much and as a child is not sure how to handle these situations, she uses fantasy as a form of escape. She goes on secret missions and talks to creatures in order to cope with the hardships she is enduring
She becomes attaches to the creatures she creates in her fantasy world because she feels as if no one in the real world cares about her anymore.

She views the fawn as a mentor

She gets sent on three different tasks
1.Toad 2. Feast 3. Sacrifice

In Pan’s Labyrinth, the fantasy aspects serve as a hyper-reality for Ofelia as she deals with childhood trauma and uses it as a coping mechanism.
In the end, Ofelia almost gives up completely on the world she is trying to escape. She enters her world of hyper-reality permanently when she dies. She ends up happier in this world than in the world of war and trauma that she feared so much.
Another Example: Anne Frank kept a diary during the time of the Holocaust. This was her form of escape or "hyper reality".

So, does everyone understand?
Baudrillard argues that DisneyLand is considered a hyper-reality because it takes the fantasy world and makes it so incredibly appealing that people want to buy into this reality.

Del Toro, Guillermo. "Pan's Creatures." YouTube. YouTube, 30 July 2007. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

"The Esoteric Interpretation of "Pan's Labyrinth" - The Vigilant Citizen." The Vigilant Citizen RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

"Pan's Labyrinth Lullaby." YouTube. YouTube, 23 Oct. 2008. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

"Pan's Labyrinth: Disobedience and Rebellion." Pan's Labyrinth: Disobedience and Rebellion. N.p., 12 July 2010. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

"Randomfilmmusings." Randomfilmmusings. N.p., 2 Feb. 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

"Simulation vs Reality – Mathematical Simulation Technology." Mathematical Simulation Technology. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

"Within the Whiteness of the Womb." Within the Whiteness of the Womb. N.p., 18 Jan. 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.
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