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Organ trafficking

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Otime Tauira

on 25 April 2014

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Transcript of Organ trafficking

What is Organ Trafficking ?
10,000 operations/ year using illegally-purchased human organs take place.

That’s more than 1 organ sold every hour

There is evidence of resurgence in many countries, including the Philippines.
Where are the organ from?
Definition of Organ trafficking
Illegal Organ traficking
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The organ trade network
Why there is organ trafficking
Organ Trafficking
Organ trafficking is an illegal commerce that involve human organ.

Commercial trade in human organs is illegal in all countries except Iran

Usually, the organ trafficking is control by the Mafia or some criminal organisation.

According WHO, illegal organ trade is when organs are removed from the body for commercial transactions

Illegal organ trade generates profits between $600 million and $1.2 billion per year

The trade involves human traffickers including;
Mobile surgeons,brokers, patients, sellers

Many of the “kidney hunters” are former sellers

Sellers include poor nationals, new immigrants, global guest workers, or political and economic refugees recruited from abroad
15 to 30% is in the waiting list for organ transplant die before the transplantation.

In Europe, 40'000 people need a kidney transplant

In USA, 100'000 people need a transplant only 3000 get a new organ

The average time to get a transplant is 10 years

Expand from Asia to the Middle East, Eastern Europe, South Africa, Central Asia, Latin America and the US

Facilitated by local
criminal networks
Usually, the organ trafficking is control by the Mafia or some criminal organisation.

Table of content
The organs of human beings are being trafficked, from voluntary are unvoluntary donnors
The trafficked organs can be acquired in many different and terrible ways. People may be kidnapped, killed and sold, especially children, for their organs
Some donors are recruiting from among vulnerable populations. Such donors often consent to the removal of their organs, and may in some cases even receive the agreed payment for them
Ebay Case
In 1999, the well-known website ''Ebay'' decide to stop the organ trafficking on Ebay.

But before that here an example :

An american citizen from Florida post,
functional human kidneys for sale. You can choose any of the two. The buyer will assume all medical costs and transplantation. One kidney is for sale because I need the other to survive. serious offers.

After that he sells it for 5.4 millions dollars.

The organization of organ trafficking are related with drugs, women and weapons trafficking.

Organ traffiking happens for several reasons: the main reason is the delay that a person could wait before receiving organs

The low income in income that poor individuals to sell them organs in order to survive

Criminal network take advantage ofthe most vulnerable group to establish a very profitable buisness

Definition of organ trafficking
Illegal organ trafficking
The Reason of Organ Trafficking
Origin of the organs
The organ trade Network
Ebay Case
Kant theory's
Aristotle theory's
Theory : Kant
You should act as you would like others to act

The Formula of the End Itself: "Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but always at the same time as an end.“

The Formula of the Kingdom of Ends: "So act as if you were through your maxims a law-making member of a kingdom of ends." 

Never treat a person as a means to an end

Act always in a way that expresses respect for the worth of humanity, in one’s own person as well as that of another.

Michael Smith May 12, 2011
Desperate Americans Buy Kidneys From Peru Poor in Fatal Trade
Retrieved from: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-05-12/desperate-americans-buy-kidneys-from-peru-poor-in-fatal-trade.html

artel member accused of kidnapping children to harvest their organs is captured in Mexico
Retrieved from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2583135/Cartel-member-accused-kidnapping-children-harvest-organs-captured-Mexico.html

Trafic d'organes humains : Un marché qui explose
Retrieved from: http://www.francesoir.fr/actualite/sante/trafic-d-organes-humains-un-marche-qui-explose-232179.html

Immanuel Kant. (1921). Fundamentación de la Metafísica de las Costumbres. Edition de Pedro M. Rosario Barbosa. San Juan: Puerto Rico

Immanuel Kant. (w.d.) Categorical Imperative. Retrieved from: http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/socialsciences/ppecorino/MEDICAL_ETHICS_TEXT/Chapter_2_Ethical_Traditions/Categorical_Imperative.htm

Edward Fox
Desperation, Lack of Donors Drives Organ Trafficking in Latin America
Retrieved from: http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/desperation-lack-of-donors-drives-organ-trafficking-in-latin-america

Mercury media
Human Organ Traffic
Retrieved from: http://www.mercurymedia.org/programmes/human-organ-traffic/

What Is Organ Trafficking?
Retrieved from: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-organ-trafficking.htm

Retrieved from: http://trafics-organes.vefblog.net/

Trafficking for Organ Trade
Retrieved from: http://www.ungift.org/knowledgehub/en/about/trafficking-for-organ-trade.html

Theory: Aristotle
"Weakness of will (Akrasia)"
Refers to the inability to regulate our actions so that we fail to do what we know is right when emotions, desires, or external pressures tempt us.
How to overcome weaknesses of will
" Moral excellence come about as result of habit. We become by doing just acts, temperate by doing temperate acts, brave by doing brave acts. "
By Aristotle
Definition of organ trafficking
Illlegal organ trafficking
Reasons of organ trafficking
Origin of illegal organs
The organ traffic trade network
Ebay cases
Kant theory's
Aristotle theory's
Full transcript