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Human Rights and Conflict Resolution
Transcript of Human Rights and Conflict Resolution
What are Human Rights?
Fundamentally, Human rights are rights that belong to every person.
Do You Know Your Human Rights?
How many Human rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights can you name?
There are a total of 30 articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which stipulates the rights afforded to every person.
Issues with Human Rights
Human rights have a fundamental subservience to sovereignty in international affairs
Political elites serve to preserve the status quo and their interests in maintaining an imbalanced and unequal society
Development of Human Rights Over Time
The end of WWII was the key indicator in the creation of the human rights movement as we know it currently. Prior to the war, human rights - or 'the rights of man' as they were known - had few political supporters in international relations.
Human Rights and Conflict Resolution
The Future of Human Rights Today
Human rights has proven to be
a revolutionary political tool for
those concerned with ethical standards in international politics. Human rights have become central to setting a benchmark standard for the treatment of every person in all states.
What is Corruption?
Nigeria Police Force (NPF)
Everyone's in on the Game
Human Rights Watch
Solutions to Corruption
Highest populated African country
174 million people
7th highest worldwide
Highest GDP in Africa
$500 billion - oil reserves
Gained independence in 1960
Civil war, military coups and military rule
"Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery"
Threatening, rather than protective
Human rights abuses
Bribes demanded on a daily basis
Established in 1930
In groups, spend a minute reading your story and try to list all the human rights that you think have been abused
External investigative body
Increasing pay for officers
What is conflict resolution?
The process of preventing the start or the resumption of conflicts by creating a maintainable peace.
Conflict resolution is linked to peacekeeping and the current agenda of post-conflict state-building.
When did this agenda start?
End of the Cold War
Post-conflict is a optimistic term that describes the state of conflict. Conflict may have stopped but all is not well yet.
It is difficult to determine when a state is in post-conflict.
Post-conflict state-building usually involves:
The (re)writing of a constitution
The (re)creation of the different offices of state, criminal justice system, national police or military and the national taxation office.
The post-conflict state-building agenda
Number one solution in post-conflict resolutions when its not always the best answer.
'Failed' states can be a great international concern.
International organisations respond to calls for help from "severely weakened or beleaguered governments, the dissolution of certain regimes, or the complete creation of new political authorities.
Japan post WWII up to 1952
Kosovo starting on the 12th of June 1999
Advocates think that outsiders can and should attempt to fix other states when they are in a time of crisis. Why is this not always a good idea? Can you think of any examples where this has not worked?
Critics of the current agenda
Too focused on just building institutions and establishing things.
Should be more focused on the bigger picture and establishing a relationship between areas of government and society.
Impacts of post-conflict state-building
Rebuilding the law
Not rebuilding the right things
The future of post-conflict state-building?
Thanks for listening!