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GCSE PE: Influence on taking part in sport

Edexcel GCSE PE

Hayley Wood-Thompson

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of GCSE PE: Influence on taking part in sport

Know the what the letters C.H.R.I.S.P. stand for and how they affect participation in sport
Be able to talk in detail about at least two of the influences
Be able to talk in detail about ALL of the influences covered

Influences on taking part
photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr
Children often take part in the same activities as their parents. They also often follow the same sports
Role models:
These are people whose actions are emulated by others. They can successful sportsmen and women such as Rebecca Adlington or David Beckham, Kelly Holmes and Chris Hoy. They are often in the media spotlight and may inspire others to take up the sport.

Being a role model comes with responsibilities for example not take drugs or get into fights.
The influence of the peer group (people of the same age) is very important. It is much easier to succeed in any activity with the encouragement and support of friends.
Many activities require the 'right' equipment e.g. you need boots to play football. Some brands of sports equipment can be very fashionable - and expensive - partly as a result of media coverage of famous sportspeople.
Sales of sports equipment is influenced by the time of year for example during Wimbledon fortnight and the Euros/world cup and New year.
Media Coverage:
The media influence many things in our lives, in particular the choice of physical activity. It increases the popularity of some sports for example the London marathon is an excellent example: many competitors are inspired to take part by watching the race on TV. In this case the media has a strong and positive effect.
People with disability can take part in many activities
Opportunities for disabled people to take part in sport are increasing
Success at London 2012 Paralympics shows this
More availability is needed at local level for those who are not international athletes
Can affect performance
In most sports it is good to start young, however age restrictions apply in some such as the London Marathon where you must be 18 or over.
Work and family commitments may prevent adults from participating in sport
The idea that some sports are exclusively for males or females has more or less disappeared
Some still offer one sex more opportunities, e.g. netball - a boy who loves playing may struggle to find a team/
women's cricket/football - often taken less seriously than men's - media coverage?
Taking up a sport may be influenced by ethnic background.
There are proportionately fewer black golfers and tennis players than there are footballers
There may have been instances of racist abuse against coloured players (Suarez and Evra/John Terry and Anton Ferdinand)
If people are to take part in physical activity and sport, suitable facilities and resources must be available
Participation depends on what is locally available. Some places may not have any facilities for some activities
Facilities need to be easily accessible. If they cannot be reached by foot or bike, easy access by public transport (bus or train) is important. Good parking may also be a consideration.
Facilities need to be available at the right time.
This means they should be open in the evenings, weekends and school holidays. Participants need to make time for practising and training.
Individuals who are ill cannot take part.

Health problems:
These can affect participation in physical activities for example those with asthma may not be able to take part in activities which involve a lot of running

Many people go to the gym or play a sport as a way of staying healthy.

This relates to the current person's situation or position in society e.g. employed, in education or looking for work. Status can affect participation in physical activity as people may not have time. Alternatively, status can influence the type of sport a person is involves in, or enjoys to watch
Some sports such as running are quite inexpensive. Football may require boots and club membership, but these costs are minimal compared with golf which requires lots of expensive equipment and annual club fees
In your group compare the coverage of men's and women's sport. For example in football, rugby, golf, tennis cricket and the Olympic games. Look at the sports pages - How many stories about men compared with women?
Cultural Factors:
Health and Wellbeing:
Most activities have some associated costs (hire of facilities, lessons, equipment, shoes etc
If people cannot afford to take part, their socio-economic status has influences their involvement.
Homework Task:
Design your own Prezi on your role model.

What influenced your role model to take up sport?
Who influenced them?

Why is your role model such a good person to look up?
What benefits do they get from taking part?

Name: prezi #01928 and your name
Description: Influences on Taking Part
Task: Look at the following pictures

What are the differences in terms of cost?
Rally Robin!
Name as many families involved in sport as you can
Gary and Phil Neville
Venus and Serena
Anton and Rio
Frank Jr and Frank Snr Lampard
Jack and Bobby Charlton
Vladimir and Vitali Klitshko
Brian and Michael Laudrup
Andy and Jamie Murray
Kevin Prince and Jerome Boeteng
Floyd Jr and Snr Mayweather
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