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Ancient History Timeline
Transcript of Ancient History Timeline
By: Stephen Carrick
c. 3100 B.C. Pharaoh Menes unifies Egypt
c. 2650-2150 B.C. Old Kingdom
c. 2150-2040 B.C. First Intermediate Period
c. 1630-1550 B.C. Second Intermediate Period
c. 1550-1050 B.C. New Kingdom
c. 1050-656 B.C. The Third Intermediate Period
c. 644-332 B.C. The Late Dyanstic Period
1493-1482 B.C.Tuthmosis I
1482-1479 Tuthmosis II
1445 B.C. The Exodus
1525-1405 B.C. Moses
c. 2270 -2215 B.C. Sargon of Akkad
1600 B.C.The Hittites invade Babylon
1595 B.C. The Hittites Conqurer Babylon
1158 B.C. The Assyrains and Elamites overthrow Babylonian rulers.
1157 B.C. Nebuchadnezzer I drives out Babylonia's enemies.
2700 -2601 B.C. Sumerian city states.
2254-2218 B.C. Naram-Sin rules in Akkad
c. 1900 B.C. Amorites establish a dynasty in Babylon.
c.1400 B.C. Moses dies, Joshua becomes leader of Isriel
c. 1850-1675 Isaac
c. 1790-1660 Jacob
2500 - 1500 B.C. Indus Valley civilization
c. 1500 B.C. Aryans arrive in the Indus Valley
c. 1400 B.C. Hinduism is distinctly discernible.
563-483 B.C. Buddha lives and establishes Buddhism
c. 5000 B.C. Yangshao culture: farming settlements are
established next to the Huang Ho (Huang He, Yellow) River.
c. 2500 B.C. Longshan culture
c. 2205-1766 B.C. Traditional dates for Hsia (Xia) Dynasty
c. 1766-1027 B.C. Shang Dynasty
c. 1027-221 B.C. Chou (Zhou) Dynasty
c. 700 B.C. Hostile tribes invade from the north.
c. 722-481 B.C. Chou royal power declines.
c. 600 B.C. Lao-tzi, founder of Taoism
551-479 B.C. Life of Kong Zi or Kung Fu-tze, known also as Confucius
481-221 B.C. the Warring states period
221 B.C. Unification of China by the first Ch’in emperor, Shi-huang-ti
c. 3500 B.C. North American peoples flourish
c. 1200-200 B.C. Ancestors of Maya civilization (Olmecs) settle in what is now Gautemala.
c. 800 B.C. Mayan lowlands are completely settled.
A.D. 250-900 Classical Period of the Mayan Civilization
c. 6500-2900 B.C. Greek Neolithic Period
c. 6500-3000 B.C. Inhabitants settle on Crete
4000 B.C. Evidence of Greeks on the Cyclades Islands
c. 2500 B.C. Troy founded
c. 2100 B.C. Possible arrival of first Greek-speaking people in Greece
c. 2000 B.C. First sails used on boats in Aegean Sea
c. 1900 B.C. First Cretan palaces built: rise of Minoans
c. 1700 B.C. Cretan palaces destroyed by earthquakes and then rebuilt
. 1600 B.C. Mycenaean culture arises
c. 1450 B.C. Mycenaeans capture Crete and destroy, then rebuild, Knossos.
c. 1400 B.C. Knossos burns down and is not rebuilt
c. 1250 B.C. Traditional date for start of Trojan War.
c. 1200 B.C. Mycenaean way of life is breaking down
c. 1100-100 B.C. Dorian invaders from the
north force Mycenaeans out onto islands.
Eventually, they destroy all culture and plunge
the area into the Dark Ages.
1406 B.C. Israelites enter Canaan.
1375-1050 B.C. Period of the judges.
1100’s B.C. The Philistines are believed to have arrived in the south west of Canaan.
1150-1000 B.C. Height of Philistine power in Palestine
Late 1000’s B.C. Saul becomes king in Israel
2686 to 2181 B.C. Egypt imports the famed cedars of Lebanon.
2052 to 1786 B.C. Egypt and Phoenicia establish regular trade.
1400’s B.C. Phoenicia becomes a frontier province of Egypt and remains one for about100 years.
1300’s B.C. Princes of Phoenicia are writing in Babylonian cuneiform.
1200’s B.C. Phoenicia is briefly under the ontrol of the Hittites.
c. 1100 B.C. Phoenician cities gain their independence.c
c. 1011-1004 B.C. David is King of Judah
c. 1004-971 B.C. David is King of all Israel.
960-922 Solomon is king of Israel.
940-910 B.C. Hezion
910- 890 B.C. Tabrimmon
•890-841 B.C. Benhadad I (Ben-hadad)
•841-801 B.C. Hazael
•931-913 B.C. Rehoboam
•931-910 B.C. Jeroboam
•874-853 B.C. Ahab
•876-852 B.C. Elijah
•c. 874-843 B.C. Jezebel
•825-809 B.C. Joel
•841-825 B.C. Obadiah
•744-727 B.C. Tiglath-Pileser III
•790-739 B.C. Uzziah
•784-772 B.C. Jonah
•767-755 B.C. Amos
•750-731 B.C. Jotham
•755-714 B.C. Hosea
•728-686 B.C. Hezekiah
•721-705 B.C. Sargon II
•739-681 B.C. Isaiah
•733-701 B.C. Michah
•612-609 B.C. Assyria destroyed by a Chaldean-Median coalition (New Babylon)
•640-609 B.C. Josiah
• 627-574 B.C. Jeremiah
•c. 628 B.C. Birth of Zoroaster
•559-529 B.C. Reign of Cyrus the Great
•547 B.C. Cyrus the Great defeats King Croesus of Lydia
•539 B.C. Cyrus, king of Persia, conquers Babylon, making it part of the Persian Empire and freeing Jews to return home.
•520-505 B.C. Haggai
•520-489 B.C. Zechariah
•521-486 B.C. Reign of Darius I
•486-464 B.C. Reign of Ahasuerus (Xerxes)
•464-423 B.C. Artaxerxes I
•435?-415? B.C. Malachi
•1100-800 B.C. The Greek Dark Ages
• c. 1100-900 B.C. Almost no Greek cultural expression
•900 B.C. Sparta is founded.
•c. 800-500 B.C. The Archaic Period
•c. 800-750 B.C. Homer lives and writes
•c. 800 B.C. Greek Dorians and Ionians, trading with Phoenicians, adopt their language and perfect their alphabet
•776 B.C. First Olympic Games
•750-650 B.C. Groups of Greeks begin to emigrate from mainland Greece and form colonies around the Mediterranean Sea.
•740-720 B.C. Spartans begin to expand their territory.
•650 B.C. First tyrants seize power in Greek mainland states. •650 B.C. Lydia produces first coins.
•625?-546? B.C. Thales
•594 B.C. Solon is appointed archon of Athens and begins to reform the political system.
•550 B.C. Tyrannies are established in the Greek colonies.
•582-507 B.C. Pythagoras
•546 B.C. Peisistratus seizes power as tyrant of Athens.
•530’s B.C. Beginning of the Persian Wars
•513 B.C. Persian first invade Europe.
•508 B.C. Cleisthenes seizes power in Athens and introduces reforms that lead to democracy.
•500-499 B.C. The Greek colonies in Ionia revolt against the Persians.
•c. 500-336 B.C. The Greek Classical Age
•513-512 B.C. First Asian invasion of Europe. Persians conquer Thrace and Macedon.
•490 B.C. Persians defeated by the Greeks at the Battle of Marathon
•480 B.C. Greeks defeated at Thermopylae.
•480 B.C. Persians defeated by Greeks at Salamis.
•490-429 B.C. Pericles
•443-429 B.C. The Age of Pericles
•431-404 B.C. Peloponnesian War
•c. 470-399 B.C. Socrates
•455-400 B.C. Thucydides
•427?-347? B.C. Plato
•335?-265? B.C. Zeno of Citium
•384-322 B.C. Aristotle
•330?-270? B.C. Euclid
•310-230 B.C. Aristarchus
•287-212 B.C. Archimedes
•276?-195? B.C. Eratosthenes
•356-323 B.C. Alexander the Great
•323 B.C. The Hellenistic Age
•A.D. 10-70 Hero
•A.D. 100?-165? Ptolemy
•?-160 B.C. Judas Maccabee