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Separation of Powers - AP US Government and Politics
Transcript of Separation of Powers - AP US Government and Politics
It was designed to do one primary thing: to prevent the majority from ruling with an iron fist.
Based on their experience, the framers shied away from giving any branch of the new government too much power. Article I of Constitution talks about the powers of the legislature.
“All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.” * The executive branch is made up of the president and a cabinet who have the power to execute orders but if they conflict with the regulations of Congress, Congress can then over turn the orders.
* “During the 1970s, when President Richard Nixon refused to spend funds for programs that he didn’t agree with, people argued that his actions exceeded his power because Congress had already agreed with them.
The Supreme Court has not ruled on the constitutionality of impoundment, and Congress has passed laws restricting its use. Judicial The judicial branch basically interprets laws to the citizens of America and states. So the legislative branch nor the executive branch can interfere in how the Judicial branch interprets the legislation, including, laws, treaties, and cases.
“The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.” Section 1, Article III It has been criticized as promoting inefficiency; when different parties hold Congress and the presidency, a lack of co-operation can deadlock the legislative process.
The line between these three branches has blurred over the past century with the abuse of executive orders.