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Matter

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by

Hannah Bleackley

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of Matter

Particle Theory
Pure Substances
and Mixtures

Heated Effects
and Seperation
Methods

Invisible Particles
Bose Einstein
Condensate
Solid

Liquid
Gas
Plasma
−273.15 °C
Definite Shape
And Volume
Definite volume
but no
Definite shape
No definite
shape or volume
No definite
shape or volume
Lightning
CO2
H2O
Gold
Absolute Zero
Atoms
Nucleus
Electrons
Neutrons
Protons
Positive
Charge
Negative
Charge
No
Charge
Seperation Methods
Heated
Affects

Liquids

Solids
Gases
Evaporates
or Boils
Can Change
to Gas with
high tempuratures
Expansion of
1/273.15 per °C
hotter
Salt dissolves
better in Water
Metal can
be shaped
and melted
For
Mechanical
Mixtures
For
Solutions
Evaporation
Distillation
Heating a Liquid
until it is Gas then
Cooling it back to a
Liquid
Changes
Liquid to Gas
Sorting
Floating
Settling
Using a Magnet
Using Sieves and Filters
Dissolving
Skim the
material at the top of
the mixture
Pour the water away
and scoop the bottom
material out
Use the Magnets
to attract the metal
from the mixture
Serperate and put
each material in its
own place
With small holes seperate
liquid from solid, solid
from gas, or gas from liquid
Seperate 2 materials
by making a Mixture by
adding a Liquid.
Seperating Ethanol
Water and keeping
both materials
Seperating Salt from
Water and losing the
water
Seperating Dark
Clothes and White
in the Laundry
Seperating the fat
from the gravy
Seperating Snad
from Water
Seperating Nails
from Sand
Seperating Pasta and
Water
Seperating Salt and
Sand with Water
Always
Moving
Held in the
Nucleus by a
Strong Force
Held by a electric
force around the
nucleus
Homogenous
Mixture

Heterogeneous
Mixture

Mechanical
Mixture
Solution
When the solute
is completely
dissolved in the
solvent
When a solute is
insoluble in the Solvent
Usually you are able
to see the different parts
Usually you can't see
the different materials
Ionized Gas
Can take on
the shape of
any container
Particles move
freely bu do
not seperate
Smallest Spaces
between the
particles (other
then BEC)
The State of Matter
Where the particles
are cooled so much
that they overlap.
Light goes through
it unaffected
Light Scatters when
it hits the parts that
didn't mix
Elements
Compounds
Salt and water
Cereal with
Milk
The Theory of how
all matter is made up
of tiny moving particles
A substance Made
of the same types
of Atoms
A substance Made
of 2 or more different
types of Atoms
H2O is
Hydrogen and
Oxygen
C is
Carbon
The Periodic Table
118 Known
Elements

Transition Elements, Other Metals,
Non Metals, Noble Gases,
Alkali Metals and Alkaline Earth
Metals are different types of
Elements that they are Categorized into.


Categorized by the
Atomic Mass
Colloid
Suspension
The solute will eventually
settle to the bottom
Flour and Water
Not dissolved evenly
to the level a solution
Milk
Concentration
and Solubility

Concentration is
the amount of Solute
dissolved in a given
quantity of solvent or
solution
Concentrated
Matter
Saturated
Lots of Solute
Dilute
Unsaturated
Very little Solute
The Formula for calculating
solubility is mass of solute
per 100 ml solution

Solubility is a measure
of how much solute
can dissolve in the solvent
to form a saturated solution
Concentration
Concentration
Solubility
The Formula for calculating
Solubility is the maximum
mass of solute that will
dissolve per 100 ml of solvent
A dilute solutions contains
some empty spaces
between the particles
Concentrated
Dilute
A concentrated solution
has all spaces full
between the particles
A Saturated Solution Contains
then maximum amount of solute
that can be dissolved

A Unsaturated Solution Contains
less then the maximum amount
of solute that can be dissolved
A Supersaturated Solution is
a solution that has more Solute
added then can be dissolved
The Difference between solubility
and Concentration is that Concentration
is how much Solute is added to the
solution and Solubility is how much
Solute can be added to the Solution
Full transcript