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Grace Ashu

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Islam

Islam originated in Saudi Arabia.
Muslims claim to be the heirs of Abraham through Ishmael.
In 1610 AD, the Angel Gabriel appeared to a man named Mohammad.
Mohammad, the last prophet.
The revelations Mohammad received until his death in 632 constitute the Qur'an.
Muslims and Jews have a huge disagreement over claim to Jerusalem.
Meaning of the word Islam.
Shiite Muslims
*Believed Muhammad to be the messener and prophet of God.
*Shiite Muslims make up 15% of Muslims
*Two different brances found in the religion: Sunni and Shiites
*Shiite Muslims believe the only heirs of fourth caliph, Ali, is the sucessor of Muhammad.
*Imams/ Twelvers
*Violence erupted between the two branches in 656.
*Share some beliefs with Sunnis
Malala Yousafazi
*Known for her activism in the fight for education
*Activist in Mingora in the Swat District of Pakistan
*Taliban infiltrates Swat District
*Malala campaign
*October 9th, 2012
*Voice of Power and Strength
*Right to Education Bill

Pilgrimage to Mecca
*Makkah (Mecca) is a city in Hejaz.
*Birthplace of Muhammad
*Holiest City in Islam religion
*Five Pillars of Islam
*Held during the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu Al-Hiijah
*The Hajj is a symbol of submission to God
*Occurs from 8th to 12th of Dhu Al-Hiijah
*Story of Abraham, Sarah, Hajar, and Ishmael

*Process of Hajj
*Hills of Safa and Marwah
*Arafat/ Mt. Arafat
*Ramy Al-Jamarat/ Mina
*Eid Al-Adha
*Tawaf Al-Ifaahdah
*Tawaf Al-Wida
*Journey to Medina
*Tomb of Muhammad/ Riad ul Jannah
* Originated in 9th century CE in Cairo
* Darazi
* Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad
* Muwahhidun- Monotheists
* Darazi announced that god had manifested himself in human form as al-Hakim Bi-amr Allah
* Darazi distorted the message
* Name derived from Darazi
Daily Prayer
Present Day Islam
Muslims must pray at least five times a day to Allah, this is known as Fard As-salat.
Times for prayer have specific meaning, (Dhuhr, Fajr, 'Asr, Maghrib, 'Isha). Must reply to Adhan.
Must pray in a certain position
Some Muslims offer voluntary prayers afterwards known as Sunna Rawatib.
Baha'is was founded in 1863 CE in Iran (Persia).
Baha'is is considered the newest of the major world's religion.
Religion was founded by Baha'ul-Baha, taken over by his son, Abdul-Baha.
In 1844 Siyyid ' Ali Mohammad proclaimed he was the "the Bab,"
Believe in "Manifestations of God"
The Religion has suffered severe persecution.
Ahmadiyya is a religious movement created towards the end of the 19th century.
The Ahmadiyya believe that Mohammed was the last prophet.
They believe in Miza Ghulam Ahmad as the promised Messiah and Mahdi.
This is considered heretical because Ahmad claimed to another prophet.
The Qur'an
There are 114 suras in the Qur'an
Quran means "he read or "he recited" or "act of reciting."
Source of inspiration and guidance.
Contains instructions for daily living.
Must be handled carefully (especially by nonbelievers).
* Teachings of Muhammad Ibn Nusair
* Named after Ali
* Faith has retained many non islamic early oriental beliefs
* Doctrines passed down not written
* No Mosque
* Disapprove Islamic duties
* Arose in 13th century
* Heterodox Muslim
* Founder was Haji Bektash
* Followers belonged to Turkmen tribes
* Largest religous minority in Turkey
* Fall under Shi'a
By: Greta Upton, Zana Berisha, Abby Romero, and Grace Ashu
5 Pillars
1.)The Shahada: Recite the Shahada correctly and deliberatly: There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his prophet
2.) Salat: Pray 5 times a day: Sunrise, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, before retiring (sleep)
3.) Zakat: Give alms: Each Muslim donates 2 1/2 percent of their money to others
4.) Saum: Observe Ramadan
5.) Hajj: Make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime
Prayer Beads
Used during the prayer Tasbih of Fatima.
Contains either 33 or 99 beads.
Sunni Muslims
Islamic Music
* Sunni is the most popular branch of Islam
* 940 million followers
*Largest religious denomination in the world
*Most traditional version of the religion
*Sunni comes from the Arabic word "Sunnah"
*Sunnah- the way of life for Muslims based on the teachings and actions of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran
Sacred Dates
Muslims practice a period of fasting known as Ramadan (lasts from July to August).
Muslims measure the passage of time using the Islamic lunar (Hijrah) calendar.
Years are counted since the Hijrah, which is when the Prophet Muhammad migrated from Makkah to Madinah.
The Islamic calender has 355 days on a regular year, (354 on a leap year).
The calendar has four holy months out of the 12 months.

Sunni vs. Shia
* Sunnis accept Abu Bakr as the first Caliph
*Caliph- Head of state
*Conflicts with Shia beliefs, who favor Hazrat Ali
*Ali is the fourth Caliph to the Sunnis
*Ali was related to Muhammad by blood; Abu Bakr was not
*First four Caliphs: Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman ibn Affan, and Hazrat Ali
*First four caliphs are the Rashidan, the "Rightly Guided Ones"

Notorious Sunnis:
Sadam Hussein & Odama bin Laden
Gender Roles
Muslims claim the Qur'an views men and women as equal in dignity.
Equality is not shown in Muslim laws.
Quotes from the Qur'an reinforce Gender Roles.
The Qur'an dictates men and women into roles that best fit them.
Clothing for Muslim women covers the whole body, including hair, except the face and the hands.
Men's clothing should cover the body from the naval to the knees and should not be silk cloth.
Men are forbidden also from wearing gold as ring, necklace, or by anyhow.
Saddam Hussein
*President of Iraq from 1979-2003
*Baath Party
*Responsible for the death of many people
*Mainly those who disagreed with his beliefs
*U.S. attacks Iraq March 19, 2003
*Hussein flees Baghdad
*Hussein found 9 months later near Tikrit on December 13, 2003
*Sentenced to death and hanged on December 30, 2006
*Sunni Islamist extremist have radical views on Christians, womens rights, foreign embassies, and Israel.
*Al- Qaeda grows in strength by recruiting into the "brotherhood"
*Destroy anything that does not conform with Extremist values.
*Islamic terrorist groups have been known to orchestrate suicide attacks, hijackings, and kidnappings.
*Jihad- "the struggle", mainly against those who do not accept Allah as God
*Religious duty of the Muslims
*What Islamic “brotherhoods” use against those who are non-believers of Quarnic teachings. These non-believers are defined as “waging a war against Islam”.

Osama bin Laden
*Founder of Al-Qaeda
*Believed that U.S. foreign policy oppressed and killed Muslims in the Middle East
*Anti-Semetic, also against the Shia Muslims
*Was on the FBI Most Wanted list for the 1998 bombings of the US Embassy
*Claimed responsibililty for the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Centers
*Killed in Pakistan on May 2, 2011 by SEAL Team Six
*13 story Islamic community center
*Located two blocks from Ground Zero
*Controversial for it's proximity to the site of the 9/11 attacks, conducted by Islamic extremists

Is the location of Park51 offensive to the families affected by 9/11?
Full transcript