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The Rights and Role of Women from 1750-1900
Transcript of The Rights and Role of Women from 1750-1900
By Kristen Surrao and Jackie Do
Thesis: From 1750 to 1900, women adopted new jobs, along with keeping their previous domestic responsibilities. Women became more outspoken, and some women began political rights movements. However, women continued to receive less pay than men, and society was still largely patriarchal.
When Maximilien Robespierre gained power, the active feminists of the Parisian middle class lost influence due to the National Convention.Prior to the National Convention, women had more rights.
Great Britain-With industrialization came a “cult of domesticity.” This consigned middle-class women to caring for the home and children.
United States-The Women's Rights Convention met at Seneca Falls, NY. By the end of the 19th century, women dominated elementary school teaching. Also, large numbers of poor women worked outside the home on farms, in markets, and, increasingly, in factories.
Latin America-Argentina and Uruguay were among the first Latin American nations to provide public education for women.
Ottoman Empire-The Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire applied specifically to men and may have decreased the status of women. In the Ottoman Empire, women were barred from early industrial labor But, women retained considerable power in the management and disposal of their own property. Women lost control of this property in the 1820s and 1830s.
China-During the Taiping Rebellion, women were forbidden to bind their feet and participated fully in farming and labor. Brigades of women soldiers fought in fields against Qing forces. Confucian elites recoiled in horror at the idea of walking, working, warring, women.
Africa-The leaders of the Sokoto Caliphate in Africa sold many captives into the trans-Saharan slave trade, consisting of mostly women and children. Most of the slaves raised food, making possible the seclusion of free women in their homes in accordance with reformed Muslim practice. In Africa, as a result of European colonization, the long separation of spouses led to an increase in female prostitution and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
India-From the mid to late 1800s, Ramnohun Roy and his followers advocated reforming of the caste system and child marriage, along with widow burning and slavery. Other abuses of women were also corrected.
English-Speaking Countries (1837-1901)-During the Victorian Age in English-speaking countries, men and women were thought to occupy “separate spheres,” having different societal roles.
Oceania-New Zealand and Australia were among the first to grant women the right to vote.
-In the early years of industrialization, factory work was available, but it was still never the main occupation of working women, just as it had been before.
-Society remained mostly patriarchal.
-Women were still responsible for domestic duties.
-Women continued to earn less than men, with women earning one-third to one-half of what men earned.
-Women remained subordinated to men in many regions of the world.