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7 Essential Nutrients

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christopher eng

on 10 October 2013

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Transcript of 7 Essential Nutrients

7
Essential Nutrients

Nutrition
Carbohydrates are foods that the body uses for ENERGY!

There are two types: Simple and Complex
1. Carbohydrates
Proteins are made from many amino acids connected together in different arrangements.
2. Proteins
Is needed for all body functions.
3. Water
A long-term energy source for the body (more than carbs and proteins)
4. Fats
Vitamins are organic materials (made from plants and animals)
5. Vitamins
The main function of fibre is to keep the digestive system healthy and functioning properly.
7. Fibre
Simple Carbohydrates:
Are foods that are quickly digested and provide a BOOST of energy for the body
Ex. white bread, white rice, cookies, candy
Complex Carbohydrates:
They provide the body with long-term energy since they are digested more slowly than simple carbohydrates.
Ex. brown rice, brown bread,
Complete Proteins:
Foods containing all the essential amino acids
Ex. fish, meat, eggs, milk, cheese
Incomplete Proteins:
Foods that are missing some essential amino acids
Examples: Legumes, nuts, whole grains
Provide the building materials your body needs to grow and repair itself
9 of the 20 amino acids are called essential amino acids because you must obtain them from the foods you eat since your body cannot make them
Water is found in the body’s cells and transports nutrients to cells and removes toxins from our body.
Water regulates the body temperature by our sweat.
Help protect and cushion vital organs and joints
Fats help to insulate the body.
Ex. Butter, oil, nuts
6. Minerals
Minerals are inorganic materials (absorbed by plants and animals)
Vitamins and minerals boost the immune system, support normal growth and development, and help cells and organs do their jobs.
Fibre aids and speeds up the excretion of waste and toxins from the body (helps you go #2)
Full transcript