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SOUTHERN COLONIES

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by

Leann Tonjes

on 8 February 2016

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Transcript of SOUTHERN COLONIES

TIMELINE
1600-1750 MAIN IDEAS The Unsettling of America MARYLAND The French and Spanish
were focused on
establishing their
own settlements KEY TERMS INDENTURED SERVANTS: The climate in the
Southern Colonies
allowed the growing
of rice, cotton and
tobacco. The southern Colonies relied on cash crops to survive (cc) photo by Jakob Montrasio THE SOUTHERN COLONIES Laborers who agreed to work without
pay for a certain period of time in
exchange for passage to America LOTS OF WORK TO SETTLE A COLONY As the colonies expanded, there was a greater demand for more workers TENANT FARMER: A farmer who works land owned
by another and pays rent or gives
a portion of their crops to the owner DEBTOR: Person or country that owes money Clear the land Plant crops and tend fields Build homes and churches Scottish and Irish prisoners of war
could earn their release by
working 7 years Attracted criminals from Europe and New England SLAVES INDENTURED
SERVANTS Sir George Calvert wanted to establish
a safe place for Catholics who were
persecuted in England. When Calvert died, his son
inherited it and named it Maryland
in honor of Queen Mary. To keep the colony from becoming too dependent on one crop, a law was passed that required every tobacco farmer to also plant 2 acres of corn Most farmers also planted wheat,
fruits and other vegetables, and raised
livestock to feed their families & workers THE MASON DIXON LINE Arose out of an argument
between Calvert and the Penns OVER
THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN MARYLAND
AND PENNSYLVANIA. They hired 2 British
astronomers, Charles
Mason and Jeremiah Dixon In 1760, they drew
a map with a line
that divided the
two colonies It took the 2 men
many years to lay out
boundary stones with the
crest of the Penn family on
one side and the crest of the
Calvert family on the other VIRGINIA The colony grew
quickly Wealthy tobacco
planters had the
best land by the
coast New settlers
were forced to settle
in-land. Tribes still
held the land
in western Virginia The governor, William
Berkely, worked out
an arrangement with
the tribes to avoid
conflicts In exchange for a large
piece of land, the Governor
agreed to keep settlers
from settling on tribal land. BACON'S REBELLION Nathaniel Bacon was a
wealthy tobacco planter
in western Virginia He and others opposed colonial
government because it was run
by people in New England. He also didn't like that settlers
couldn't take tribal land and that
Governor Berkeley refused to
retailiate against tribes that
had been attacking settlements. In 1676, he & 300 farmers led attacks on tribal villages,
some of which were
peaceful villages. This was the first
rebellion in the American
colonies. They also burned
the colonial capital of
Jamestown to the ground. Berkeley ends up hanging 23 of the rebellion's members. Settling the Carolinas In 1663, King Charles granted the charter to settle 'Carolina' meant 'Charles' Land' John Locke wrote a
constitution for the colony. The colonists in
northern and southern
Carolina had disagreements
so they split. North Carolina had
mostly tobacco farming,
logging and tar. South Carolina
had rice, cotton
and indigo farming. The land in South Carolina was
so fertile that more workers
were required. By 1708 more than half the people
in South Carolina were
enslaved Africans. GEORGIA This was the last British
colony to be settled in
North America. In 1773, James Oglethorpe
received a charter to settle a
colony where English debtors
and poor people could
make a fresh start. The location of the
colony was designed
to protect the other
colonies from Spanish attack. Religious refugees from Germany and Switzerland and a small group of Jews also settled there. Georgia had a higher percentage of non-British settlers than any other British colony in the Americas. In 1749, Georgia overturned its ban on slavery. From 1750 to 1775, planters imported slaves so rapidly that the enslaved population grew from less than 500 to approximately 18,000. The chief crop was rice, which
required many laborers.
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