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Lobbying the European

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Richard kanya

on 20 October 2014

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Transcript of Lobbying the European

Secrecy and registering in lobbying.
Register of Interest Representatives
on 23 June 2008
EC provides data base online to the public. in 4principle categories
professional consultancies law firms(largest sub categy)
in-house lobbyists trade associations ( almost half of the number of groups)
NGOs and think-tanks
other miscellaneous organisations.(religious , academic institutions) l
Total number of regestered lobby groups (2010)
Who actually makes the decisions in the EU?
There is scant public knowledge of who actually makes the decisions.
How and who influences most effectively?
Amount of resources used ( Cash Money
Lobbyists (former EU workers)
Region the lobby group represents
Period and time spent lobbying
Relationship of the Lobby group with the public and EU officials/ politicians
Motives of the lobbying group
Ethics and code of conduct when lobbying
What is lobbying?
*Lobbying was first introduced in the USA federal level in the 1940s.
Lobbying the European
Commission: Open or Secret?
Raj Chari & Daniel Hillebrand O'Donovan
Published online: 26 Jul 2011.

What do lobbyists actually do?
Offer the commission specialist knowledge that is requied to make effective policy ( seen through neoliberal policies eg single European Act, Economic monetary union, European Round table of industrialists , UNICE)
Seek to influence( this differs from their main goals)
Some of the Big players in EU lobbying.
FD Blue print hold 18 passes and represents ( Visa,Glaxo smith, Kline)
Association d' structeurs Europeans d' Automobiles (ACEA) represents (Scania,Volkswagen, Toyota) 500,000 per/yr membership
Japan Automobil Manufacturers Association (JAMA) represents ( mazada, kawasaki,fuji heavy industry)
EU lobbying procedure
Registration in EU
information of the organisation and lobbying activities
Pass granted at max 1year
Limited space for genuine public participation because of the technocratic nature of the EU policy making
Have in mind 15,000 lobbyists operate in Brussels and only 3,000 are registered (2010)
7 point plan
1. Registering with an independent before contact can be made with EC
2. Details of what lobbyists seek to influence
3. Names of departments and officials being lobbied
4. Expenditure disclosure
5. In some cases the banning of fees
6. public online accessible info on the lobbying
7.Creating of "revolving door" politicians should be ristricted for some time from lobbying after leaving the EU/EC

Strength/reasons of choosing article and Weakness

Title is in form of a question and i was looking for answers
The article points out the problems and solutions to lobbying in EU
The fact that the article concentrates on the EU
Well elaborated examples a given

The article doesnt realy explain what lobbying is from the start
The article indicates some of the solutions that are already applied
The article only mentions the negative of lobbying but no positive
Introduction, brief video to explain lobbying
Who actually makes the decisions in the EU?
What do lobbyists actually do?
How and who influences most effectively?
Some of the Big players in EU lobbying.
Secrecy and registering in lobbying.
Solution to the problem and the 7 point plan
Strength/reasons of choosing the article plus Weakness
Bibliography and recommended work by author
Though the article was published 4years ago the same problems and flaws indicated still occur. The Article indicates major problems that result in the secrecy of lobbying ( this applies every where in the world where lobby takes place)
Chari, R. and O'Donovan, J. H. (2011) Lobbying the European Commission: Open or Secret? Socialism and Democracy 25 (2). 104-124
(link to video)www.youtube.com/watch?v=MjY5Zkt51wY&list=PL98A9F585F1BC3E52
Previous research recommended by author
What types of interest groups operate?Watson, R., and Shackleton, M. 2003. ‘Organized Interests and Lobbying in the EU’, in Elizabeth Bomberg and Alexander Stubb (eds), The EU: How Does It Work?, 88–107, Oxford: Oxford University Press
What institutions they tend to influence and which opinions a valued. Chari, Raj, and Kritzinger, Sylvia. 2006. Understanding EU Policy Making, London: Pluto.
How influential are such lobbies? Coen, David. 1997. ‘The Evolution of the Large Firm as a Political Actor in the European Union’, Journal European Public Policy, Vol. 4, No. 1, 91–108. Coen, David. 1998. ‘The European Business Interest and the Nation State: Large Firm Lobbying in the European Union and Member States’, Journal of Public Policy, Vol. 18, No. 1, 75–100
How successful are some interest groups? McGrath, Conor. 2005. Lobbying in Washington, London, and Brussels: The Persuasive Communication of Political Issues, New York: Edwin Mellon Press.
Problems with Registering.
Less data immediately available pertaining to changes within the Register.
Registration is voluntary.
Less insight into how the composition,size and nature of the Register have evolved.
Reluctance to register to avoid any illegal disclosure of information, and from laws and regulations specifically enforcing confidentiality (mostly with law firms).
Solutions / Transparency
"The regulation of lobbyists refers to the idea that political systems have established rules which lobby groups must follow when trying to influence government officials and the nature of public policy out puts"
The problems and flaws in liberal/neoliberal institutionalism/ system. With the case study of lack of transparency while lobbying in the EC/EP/EU.
Should the nature of lobbying be revised, and if so how?
Full transcript