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Urban Farming

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by

Kyrianna Raymond

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of Urban Farming

Urban Farming
What is Urban Farming?
Urban Farming can be either an individual, community, or organization's re-purposing of a city area to grow food or raise animals.
Ways the products of Urban Farming are used:
- Personal use - Sold to restaurants or directly to consumers - Sold at farmer's markets or at local businesses
- Donated to local churches, soup kitchens, or other food donation organization
Vertical Farming
Matt Smoragiewicz
Zak Karpicki
Brittany Berisoff
Kyrianna Raymond
Harry Stuttard

What Created The Urban Farming
Movement?
Cities Where Urban Farming is Popular
Health Issues & Food Deserts
Why is Urban Farming Worth Attention?
A food desert is an urban area where there is not access to affordable or good-quality food.
Instead of supermarkets and grocery stores the communities have fast food restaurants and convenience stores.
Leads to a poor diet, higher levels of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and other diet-related diseases.
1. 37% of methane (CH4) emissions come from factory farming

2. 90 million tons of CO2 is emitted worldwide every year in order to grow crops and raise farm animals

3. Hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methane are contributed to air pollution by factory farms every day

What Can and Should Be Done
Focus on basic goals now and progressively get bigger
Heavy Investment may not be worth rewards
Urban farming starts on community level but will require government oversight once the project grows
Education of public is required
1. Food transportation is a major source of fossil fuel pollution

2. Urban farming minimizes the transport footprint by using organic cultivation methods

3. Transportation has a dominant source of emissions
Urban Farming Utopia
Requires most expensive/intrusive investment
What is preventing Urban Farming?
-Healthier eating
-Money saved on food = money that can be spent elsewhere to boost economy
-Transportation costs lowered = lowered emissions
-Community building/ improvement on neighborhoods
-Low risk due to the availability of food
-Useful skill/ increased happiness
Benefits of Urban Farming
Potential Harms of Urban Farming
Supermarkets
Truckers
Impacts...
Outside farms
Effects of Urban Farming on Elderly/Disabled
Welfare system?
Playgrounds for kids?
Dog parks?
Winter crops
Greenhouses
Distribution of Land
Apartments
Individual vs. community gardens
Goal: for a city's food supply to be self sustainable
Should create a new city rather than revamping an old one
Management
Government
Individuals
Local communities
Medium Investment
Bring in advisors who know what is necessary for project to be successful
Government should increase incentives for urban farming projects
Need investors for various equipment needs
Soil Quality
Pollution
Factory Pollution
2) Lack of education about agriculture

World bank predicts 40% of global grain production could be going to biofuels by 2030

Average of 1,500 food miles for Americans from farm to plate

The world population will grow from 7 billion to 9 billion by 2050, so Farmers will need to double food production by 2050 to keep pace.
3) Time out of our precious days

Average of 90 days to grow crops

Full-time workers have 4.09 hours of free time per day

Save money on food and spend little time with first hand approach to tackling climate change

Transport Pollution
1. Major source of fossil fuel pollution

2. Adds to the carbon footprint

3. Dominant source of emissions
- Accounts for 11% of the food systems emissions
Garden Security
Guard
Alarm system
Foreclosed Homes
Water Use
Drip irrigation system
- Falling apart
- Fire hazard
- Prone to vandalism
- Not a good look for the community/Effects neighborhood
- Government gets no tax revenue
- Scary living next to them
Bees
1) Pre-existing Momentum for current agriculture industry

2.2 million farms dot US rural land

Over 21 million jobs (15% of workforce) to produce, process and sell nation's food.

In 2010, $115 billion worth of American agricultural products were exported around the world.
Potential Harms of Urban Farming
Questions
Would anyone be interested in a community garden on campus?
Does anyone's parents have a backyard garden?
Is anyone planing to live in an urban area after college?
Q&A
Distribution of Land
Apartments

Zinc
Iron
Copper
Backyards
Full transcript