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Transcript of Shackleton
“Shackleton afloat was more likeable than Shackleton ashore” (physicist, Reginald James)
Crew surprised how he interacted with them. Gave him the name “Boss”.
Small talks and interactions with everyone on the boat.
Demanded Unquestioned Loyalty and responsiveness
First Weeks on Board
McNish the carpenter
Designating backup plan people
Preparing the James Caird
Right or wrong to leave Elephant soon after arriving?
Breaking up the crew
Using the James Caird
Is his leadership legacy damaged?
Ice cracked underneath them
What was the motivation behind allowing for hot milk and small portions of food?
Attempt to reach Elephant Island
Why did he choose the Worsley and Hudson to lead the other boats?
Changed destination four times- desperate act to get men to shore?
Into the Boats
Still continued to keep busy
Only 42 more days left of food rations
Deeply disturbing events
Should they have kept any of the dogs alive for companionship?
How do you think this affected the morale of the crew?
Drifted off course
Decided to march again- with mixed emotions
How would you motivate exhausted and discouraged workers?
Shackleton’s “incentive” plan
Continue daily duties
Assigned a strong leader for each tent
Why was it important to have a energetic leader for each tent?
Inexperienced in trekking in polar conditions
Option to wait it out on a floe
Confer with Wild, Worsley, and Hurley
Would you have made the safer call or risk for potential rewards?
Do you think this trek wore out his men’s spirits faster?
Stayed as long as possible
Would you have left the vessel before it flooded?
What was the purpose to wait?
Do you think there was an alternative motive for early rising to start breakfast?
Healthy competition with a purpose
How to get people with different backgrounds to agree on a common value?
Handling Forced Associations
Kept ordinary duties
Was this strategy effective?
Importance of maintaining consistency?
Boredom or survival?
January 10 ,1915 Crew spotted Antarctic Land.
Commander did not stop instead ordered to proceed 200 more miles to cut the walking distance short.
Endurance Approached the desired destination and got stock 80 miles short of the shore.
They were ever able to see the landing point.
Arriving to destination
Wild became Shackleton’s foreman. NO arguing or negotiating with the Boss.
Wild would let them vent to him, about their frustrations.
Men kept in the dark about the advice he got in South Georgia.
By Christmas ever, boat was stuck on ice. Boss orders a Christmas celebration and party.
Men dug the boat out in new years ever.
First Weeks on board
The Composition Cake. (Major General Wilfred Beveridge) an expert in chemical research. 3000 calories a piece.
Quality of equipment and clothing for the journey. Latest Technology in polar wear and equipment.
Windproof Burberry coats
Fur-lined sleeping bags
Close to 210K with today's dollars.
Supplies for the Trip
1907 new Trip
Shackleton the commander of it
On board of the Nimrod
2 years long
Beat Scott's record 350 miles, within 100 miles of the pole
Made decision to return back home
Change in character, leadership signs
Shackleton worked on a Naval Ship transporting soldiers to South Africa
Shackleton immediately earned the respect of this colleagues
Reputation for modesty and reliability
Earned him an Officer position on board
Met Cedric Longstaff, son of Llewellyn Longstaff
Got introduced, then met with Llewellyn who was preparing for an Antarctic Trip
What type of Leader was Shackelton?
World War 1 about to start, Shackleton offered to turn the entire expedition to the military, Churchill asked him to proceed.
“There are hundreds of thousands of men that could go to war, but there are not that many that could do my job”. Ernest Shackleton
Last Minute Changes:
Restructure Chain of command (Worsley)
Fire 3 sailors for being drunk
Get the Dogs from Canada, without trainer
Head to South Georgia from Buenos Aires
Wait for Ice Packs to melt, leave after a month given that the Ice Pack never changed.
Men wanted hazardous journey, small wages, bitter cold, long months of complete darkness, constant danger, return doubtful, honor and recognition in case of success.
5000 applicants responded
Categorized under MAD, HOPELESS, POSSIBLE.
Sense of Humor
The Crew of the Endurance
Transcontinental Journey from sea to sea
2 ships to Weddell Sea deposit a crew of 6 men. They would cross the land to the Ross Sea.
Second ship would sail straight to the Ross Sea, to bring in supplies for the second half of the journey.
Weddell sea infamous for large unpredictable ice floes.
Crossing Antarctica required a 1500 mile hike.
Majority of the routes proposed never been explored before.
Lack of experience
Shortage of food
Illness of crew
Shackleton and Scott disagreed on many issues including speed, directions, and routes to take.
Trip Failed but they succeeded in coming within 450 miles of the pole
First Attempt 1901-1902
The commander of the National Antarctic Expedition.
Major at the Royal Navy
Never Seen Ice Packs before
Did not have any skiing experience
Major Robert Scott
Born to Anglo-Irish Family in 1875.
Middle class Family
Family Expected him to be a Doctor
Wanted to work at sea, at age 16
Got a job as a Deck Boy on a merchant Ship
Quick Learner, and hard worker
Several promotions, become a commander at 24
2 years after Shackleton's attempt Roald Amundsen (Norway) won the race to the South Pole in 1911.
2 months later Robert Scott, but he never made it back home with his 4 crew members.
Mission Accomplished ?
Kept a finger on their pulses
Ordered hot milk from own ration
Another example of leadership change?
One shot at climbing this? VS. staying on the James Caird?
The Great Journey of Ernest Shackleton
Shackletons EQ with Worsley and Crean
Played with Psyche of men
Not 1...Not 2...Not 3...
Last gutsy decision....the slide
Peak after peak
Saving his Crew
Failed attempts , Begging, Ridicule, and no funding
Glory turns to Death