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IRA

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by

Rahul Rahul

on 14 March 2015

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Transcript of IRA

What
is

I
R
A
?

Are sectarianism and
segregation still a major
social problem?
IRA in the present
Real IRA

Did the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 result into equality between the Catholics and Protestants?


Bertie Ahern, George Mitchell and Tony Blair
What did the agreement say?
Two inter-related documents
1. A multi-party agreement by most of Northern Ireland's political parties
2. An international agreement between the British and Irish governments
Was it worth it?
There were more terrorists attacks after the signing:

- Quinn’s brothers killing (During the ceasefire, three catholic children were
killed when the Ulster Volunteer Force firebombed their home).

- Omagh bombing (29 killed by a bomb planted by dissident republicans).



Violence during the marching season each summer


After the marching season in 2012



2011: Murder of Ronan Kerr, a policeman who died in a dissident bombing in

County Tyrone.


Did the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 result into equality between the Catholics and Protestants?
Separate-faith schools

Protestant

Catholic

Non-denominational schools
EDUCATION
Almost non-existent

Laws and regulations by the British Parliament since 1990
EMPLOYMENT
Peace lines
HOUSING
Interface Areas
Other murals
Objective
Uniting the Northern Ireland with the rest of the Ireland by using physical force.
Campaign
Omagh bombing
Another ceasefire that lasted till 20 January 2000
Bombing in England (Hammersmith Bridge)
Riots
Mitchell Principles
Mitchell principles are the following six rules agreed by both British and Irish governments.
To democratic and exclusively peaceful means of resolving political issues
To the total disarmament of all paramilitary organisations
To agree that such disarmament must be verifiable to the satisfaction of an independent commission
To renounce for themselves, and to oppose any effort by others, to use force, or threaten to use force, to influence the course or the outcome of all-party negotiations
To agree to abide by the terms of any agreement reached in all-party negotiations and to resort to democratic and exclusively peaceful methods in trying to alter any aspect of that outcome with which they may disagree
To urge that "punishment" killings and beatings stop and to take effective steps to prevent such actions
The Real IRA is a radical terrorist group that broke away in 1997 when the Provisional IRA proposed a ceasefire. And this organisation has continued with terrorist activities in opposition to any peace agreement.




What is the Real IRA?
What role did the IRA play in the Good Friday assignment?
Paramilitary support to Sinn Féin and Progressive Union Party
Conflicts and tense moments

Peaceful society as a main objective

Total disarming of military weapons, including the IRA
Prevention of terrorism and conflictive situations
Reaction of the IRA
They wrote a speech
"Our military weapons are not an obstacle"
Following republicanism and Irish independence as main objectives
Under the control of the government
The end of the IRA
Carried out by the government in the year 2000
Weaponless
Finally, violence ends in the year 2005
Full transcript