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Switzerland-French influence

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K-J Smalls

on 31 May 2011

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Transcript of Switzerland-French influence

History Geography Economy Demographics Health Education Culture Swiss Conferderation Switzerland was originally the Swiss Confederation, not yet called Switzerland, founded in 1291. The Swiss Confed. were three regions formed as a defensive alliance. In 1499 the Swiss Confed. gained independence from HRE (Holy Roman Empire) but didnt create a constitution until 1848. The Swiss Cofed. was invaded by the germans and the French leading to German and French influence on the country. During the French Revolution the Swiss decided to remain neutral and not get inv0lved but then 1797-98 Napoleon invaded turning the Swiss Confederation into the country we know as Switzerland. Switzerland is east of France and north of Italy with 39,997 square kilometers of land and 1,280 square kilometers of water. 41,277 square kilometers in all make up Switzerland which is a little less than 2x the size of New Jersey. Made of mostly moutains with the Alps in the south of Switzerland and Jura mountains in the northwest. hydropower timber and salt are the exports There are 4 declared official languages of Switzerland. English German French and Italian. (Including Romansh a dead language that exsisted during the time of the HRE) Magenbrot (sweet pieces of bread)

"Magenbrot" sweet pieces of bread, often sold at street faires ("Chilbi") etc. Sauerkraut

Sauerkraut is a very traditional menu. There are dozens of different recipes for Sauerkraut, some include potatoes or meat. Fasnachtsküchlein (Carnival cookies)

"Fasnachtsküchlein" (Carnival cookies) - also known as "Chnüblätz" ("knee cookies") - are traditional cookies served during carnival season. Carnival festivities usually take place in February throughout Switzerland. Some towns are very famous for their carnival parades, the most famous takes place in Basel city. Carnival in Switzerland is similar to Mardi Gras in the USA. Swiss people do not only love good food, they also appreciate a beautiful decorated table. Bürli (small bread)

Bürli are small breads served for breakfast or at BBQ parties. Dreikönigskuchen (Epiphanies cake)

Dreikönigskuchen (Epiphanies cake) is a special cake served on January 6 ("Dreikönigstag", Epiphanies day) Zopf (bread)

There are dozens of types of bread in Switzerland. However Zopf is a very special bread, typically served on Sunday for breakfast. Birchermüesli

"Birchermüesli" was invented around 1900 by Dr. Bircher, a pioneer of the biological health medicine and an early promoter of unprocessed food that retains its full nutritional value ("Vollwertkost" meaning "whole foods diet"). Fondue

This is probably the most famous swiss menu. Fondue is made out of molten cheese. We eat it by dipping small pieces of bread in the molten cheese. The secret lies in the right mixture of different flavors of cheese. Typically, fondue is served on cold winter days, but many restaurants serve it all your round. Pastetli (Meat pie)

Pastetli usually come in a round shape. The picture on the left shows a very special shape, perfectly suited for a romantic dinner for two. There are different styles of fillings, it may include mushrooms and meat on a creamy sauce. They are usually served with rice and peas. Rippli (Ribs)

Rippli means, ribs taken from pork. In the region of Bern, it is served with bacon, beans and potatoes. Mailänderli (Milano cookies, Christmas treat)

There are many different Christmas treats in Switzerland, "Mailänderli" (Milano cookies) are amongst the most famous. Nusstorte (Nut cake)

There are different recipes for "Nusstorte" (nut cake), the most famous is probably the one from the Engadina (a well known valley in the canton Graubünden). Rüebli Kuchen (Carrot cake)
This is one of the best way to serve carrots. It could be made as a cake - as shown here - or even more often as a pie. Often, it is decorated with little carrots made out of marzipan. Schokolade Kuchen (Chocolate cake)

Called "spider web pie" Schwabenbrötli (Swabia cookies)

"Schwabenbrötli" (Swabia cookies) are another traditional Christmas treat. Zimtsterne (Cinnamon cookies, Christmas treat)

"Zimtsterne" (Cinnamon cookies) are another traditional, very delicious Christmas treat. Teigwaren (Pasta), Vegetarian menu

Pasta tri colori (three colors) in the colors of the italian flag red, white and green with vegetables. Salat (salad)

Salads have a long tradition in Switzerland and are served in many different flavors, either as a side order or as a full meal. Wurstsalat (Sausage Salad)

This is a perfect meal on a hot summer day. Often, it is served with bread and ice tea or beer. Zürcher Eintopf (Hot-pot Zürich style)

Meat and vegetables are all served in the same pot. Zürcher Geschnetzeltes (cut meat Zürich style)

While it is possible to use any type of meat to prepare this menu, the real Zürcher Geschnetzeltes is made with cut veal. Traditionally, it comes with hashed potatoes, but it could also be served with rice, pasta or mashed potatoes. Apfelküchlein (Deep fried apple cookie)

"Apfelküchlein" (deep fried apple cookie) taste great either warm or cold, with or without vanilla sauce. Basler Leckerli (Basel cookies)

These are very special cookies made with lots of honey - very sweet. Brunsli (Swiss brownies, Christmas treat)

"Brunsli" (Swiss brownies) also a traditional Swiss Christmas treat. Chräbeli (Anise cookies, Christmas treat)

"Chräbeli" (Anise cookies) also a traditional Swiss Christmas treat. Romansh is considered a dead language because although some still speak the language it does not gain any new words. The language itself borrows words from the German Canton-a small district or state like the ones in Switzerland Name Canton(s) Elevation Latitude Longitude
Monte Rosa ("Dufourspitze") Valais & Italy 4634 m N 45° 55' 94" E 7° 51' 59"
Dom (Mischabel) Valais 4545 m N 46° 05' 22" E 7° 51' 20"
Weisshorn Valais 4506 m N 46° 05' 68" E 7° 42' 67"
Matterhorn Valais & Italy 4478 m N 45° 58' 29" E 7° 39' 23"
Dent-Blanche Valais 4357 m N 46° 02' 78" E 7° 36' 38"
Grand-Combin Valais 4314 m N 45° 56' 14" E 7° 17' 40"
Finsteraarhorn Bern & Valais 4274 m N 46° 32' 35" E 8° 07' 37"
Breithorn (Zermatt) Valais & Italy 4165 m N 45° 56' 07" E 7° 44' 71"
Jungfrau Bern & Valais 4158 m N 46° 32' 13" E 7° 57' 66"
Mönch Bern & Valais 4099 m N 46° 33' 26" E 7° 59' 47"
Schreckhorn Bern 4078 m N 46° 35' 06" E 8° 06' 54"
Piz Bernina Graubünden 4049 m N 46° 22' 82" E 9° 54' 28"
Eiger Bern 3970 m N 46° 34' 71" E 7° 59' 88"
Tödi Glarus & Graubünden 3614 m N 46° 48' 80" E 8° 54' 83"
Piz Corvatsch Graubünden 3451 m N 46° 24' 57" E 9° 48' 43"
Titlis Bern & Obwalden 3239 m N 46° 46' 41" E 8° 26' 40"
Gornergrat Valais 3131 m N 45° 58' 87" E 7° 46' 58"
Chasseral Bern 1607 m N 47° 08' 17" E 7° 03' 52"
Lägern Aargau & Zürich 866 m N 47° 28' 99" E 8° 23' 55" Mountains Along with the mountains there are various mountain passes and tunnels that you can drive though Name Canton(s) Size Average elevation of the surface Max. depth
Lac Léman (Lake Geneva) Geneva, Vaud, Valais & France 584 km² 372 m 310 m
Bodensee St. Gallen, Thurgau, Austria & Germany 539 km² 396 m 252 m
Neuenburgersee Bern, Fribourg, Neuenburg & Vaud 218 km² 429 m 153 m
Lago Maggiore Ticino & Italy 212 km² 193 m 372 m
Vierwaldstätter See Luzern, Niedwalden, Obwalden, Schwyz & Uri 114 km² 434 m 214 m
Zürichsee St. Gallen, Schwyz & Zürich 88 km² 406 m 143 m
Luganersee Ticino & Italy 49 km² 270 m 288 m
Thunersee Bern 48 km² 558 m 215 m
Bielersee Bern, Neuenburg 40 km² 429 m 74 m
Zugersee Luzern, Schwyz & Zug 38 km² 414 m 97 m
Brienzersee Bern 30 km² 564 m 260 m
Walensee Glarus & St. Gallen 24 km² 419 m 144 m
Murtensee Fribourg & Vaud 23 km² 429 m 45 m Government Used to be a confederation but now its a federal republic Capital: Bern 26 cantons One of the most economically prosperous countries in the world with the one of the highest GDP per capita in the world and the lowest unemployment rate. The economy increased by 2.7% in 2010 Swizterland exports machines, chemicals , agricultural products, metals, and watches to Germany, Netherlands, France, Italy, and the US They Import machines, metals, vehicals, chemicals, agricultural products, and textiles to Germany, Austria Italy, France and the US Switzerland The temperature is quite varied in Switzerland. In the west there is the Atlantic where there is plenty of rain and cool temperatures. In the east there is less rain and warmer temperatures. In the South and at the base of the Alps (Which run through the East and West of Switzerland) there are warm temperatures and alot of rain. Temperature The population of Swizerland is currently 7,639,961 0-14 years: 15.2%
15-64 years: 67.8%
65 years and over: 17% Age Range At birth males are expected to live to be 78 and females are expected to live to be 84 Ethnic groups:
German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6% There have been fewer than 100 deaths caused by HIV/AIDS in Switzerland Along with grains fruits vegetables meat and eggs Their industries are machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, and insurance Natural hazard are landslides, flash floods, and avalanches Their national holiday is August 1st which celebrates the founding of the Swiss Confederation The Swiss have alot of music festivals such as the Afro-Pfingsten festival where the celebrate African music and culture, Caliente, the music festival for Brazilian Latin and Carribbean music. Plus they have plenty of sports festivals. They even have a film festival. Languages:

German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 20.4%, Italian (official) 6.5%, Serbo-Croatian 1.5%, Albanian 1.3%, Portuguese 1.2%, Spanish 1.1%, English 1%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 2.8% Religions:
Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Muslim 4.3%, Orthodox 1.8%, other Christian 0.4%, other 1%, unspecified 4.3%, none 11.1% Lakes no natural resoources Liechtenstein relies completely on Switzerland Education Since there are 26 Cantons in Switzerland there are many different forms of education. Many different schools do things many different ways since there are German, French, Italian, and English Cantons. Some schools languages during 4th or 5th grades but others may require them during 6th-8th grades. Education is one of the many reasons that prohibits people from moving to different cantons. Kindergarten
Volksschule (elementary school)
Gymnasium (secondary school)
Universitäten (universities) The main order of schools is: Switzerland has ten universities in their cantons and two national universities. The national universities are called Federal Institutes of Technology and are based in Zurich (ETHZ) and Lausanne (EPFL). The universities teaches in one or two national languages. (Usually not in English)
- Universities of Basle, Berne, Zurich, Lucerne, St. Gallen and ETHZ: teaching in German
- Universities of Geneva, Lausanne, Neuchâtel and EPFL: teaching in French
- University of Lugano: teaching in Italian
- University of Fribourg: teaching in French and German The 26 members of the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education are in charge of education in Switzerland
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