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Transcript of Multimodal Research
Department of Education,
University of Oxford
These are modes
Socially and culturally shaped resources for making meaning.
They are not autonomous and fixed, but, created through social processes, are fluid and subject to change. E.g. slang and new words.
Nor are modes universal, but are particular to a community where there is a shared understanding. Communication in tribes, or amongst people of a certain age
How does this appreciation fit into research
In this session
Develop an understanding of what multimodality is
View how multimodal research forms an important branch of social science research
Gain insight into the practicalities of adopting a multimodal research approach
What do we mean by multimodal?
A quick exercise
- using the "tools" (pencils, bluetak and sellotape) on your table, work in your groups to construct something to elevate and display the toy car.
You aren't allowed to speak or write anything when communicating your teammates.
Your construction must be a team effort!
So how did you communicate or interact ?
Multimodality describes approaches that understand communication and representation to be more than about language
the use of the hands and other parts of the body for communicative purposes
the way in which we sit or stand can often give insight
the direction or orientation of the head or eyes can give insight into perception and cognitive activity
the relationship between people and the space in which they are located and on people’s experience of space
How could your research area/interest be conceptualised into a multimodal research project
relationship between a given context and the configuration of modes
in a text or situated interactions
How different modes are drawn upon in different contexts and also how different modes are used in unison.
So in a classroom this could be the relationship between speech, images/visual stimuli and worksheets or textbooks.
Describing how we communicate
Multimodal research gives us the opportunity to capture and describe these different and important modes of communication, interaction and representation
And to challenge existing assumptions.
• Technology is changing the way in which we choose to communicate.
• The changing of the ways in which we communicate and interact means that we need to study these new modes of communication in new ways
• We need to be able study, understand and theorise how people engage with these things.
This is important in education research when trying to understand how people develop and learn.
We can misinterpret learning if we focus on just verbal and written communication. For example in early years learning.
Different "Levels" of adoption
A theoretical model
This is used to shape how we develop and interpret our findings. So adopting multimodality from start to finish
As a methodology
Where it is the best way to understand what we need to understand
Perhaps when working with technology or in particular learning spaces
Or as a perspective
Something that we can all adopt into our research in some way
An appreciation of the limitations of our studies or development of further research questions
Transcribing and analyzing
The best way to appreciate the change in perspective of multimodal research is to think about what you might capture and analyse.
Clearly these new modes will change of how we approach our research
Representing the ways of the world: how children under
three start to use syntax in graphic signs
She argues that the current policy emphasis on phonics in early literacy frames writing as the transcription of speech rather than an ‘independent graphic mode in its own right’ (Lancaster, 2007: 142)
That this assumption fails to build on what preschoolers already know and can do before they enter formal education
Ethics and Impact
Has to be be perhaps more fluid than traditional studies
But also needs to be properly planned
Provisional consent and instead of informed
Can make your data anonymous but part of the value of multimodality is this richness, and if you can share this appropriately you should
This is linked to impact
This data provides the opportunity to share your research in new and interesting ways.
Within your research context what modes come into play?
Have a go at developing a transcript for a phenomena you might research in a multimodal way