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Mongolia Culture PPT

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Sally Park

on 11 October 2013

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Transcript of Mongolia Culture PPT

Interesting basic facts about natural environment, etc.

Social Organization
extended families -> nuclear families
Youngest son inherited fortune -> not necessarily the youngest son
distribution of chores-age, sex, health
Sain uu?
Khalkha Mongol
Buryat and Kalmyk
Food & Activity
Arts & Literature
Forms of Government
Economic System
올oo-wang good
Khalkha Mongol
Buryat and Kalmyk?
Russia, Moghul(Mogul), Afghanistan
Official Language
5 million
Customs and Traditions
Forms of Government
Interesting Mongolian Customs
Tsagaan Sar
Similar to Chinese

General greetings/Greetings between elders and younger Mongolians
Touching Manners
Religious custom regarding alcoholic drinks
Manners required when entering a ger
"Catch your dog!"
As a guest/host
The Legend of Blind Tarvaa
Women: no cross-legged position
No whistling in buildings
No throwing trash in fires
Shooting star: unlucky sign
Tsagaan Sar: New Year
Tsasgaan Sar Eve: "Bituun"
(Full darkness)
Eat as much as you can
Festival of white food
Climb a sacred mountain
Not to dos on Tsagaan Sar:
Greet your husband/wife
Get a haircut
Wear black clothes
Naadam Festival
Most well-known Mongolian festival
Three "manly" sports
Mongolians believe in life after death (heaven/hell)
Mongolians were once under the
dictatorship of khan
Mongolians value storytelling
Mongolian Arts- influenced by its nomadic culture
e.x) Tsam Dance: -meditate, softly chant
-”silently meditate” and get rid of evil spirits
2) Secret History of the Mongolians (Nuuts Tovchoo)
-Written in 1240, talks about Genghis Khan and his successors
Getting Rid of Stereotype
1) Mongolians were NOT "Barbarians" all the time
-Yuan Dynasty (Mongolian rule over China, ruled by Khublai Khan.) = Golden Age
Mongolia = Alaska < Iran
Grassland & Semidesert: 80%
Farming land: 1%
Climate: Long Winter, Short Summer
Land of the blue sky
Rain & Wind in Spring
250 days of sunshine
Summer: Not very hot
Winter: Freezing
Change of predominantly agrarian, nomadic economy due to socialist development
Late 1980s
Develop: agricultural-industrial economy

Focus on industrialization, and second for trade and services.
Discovery of Mineral deposit

Attract the FDI!
Fall of Soviet Assistance
1990-1991: Collapse of GDP
Relationship between Mongolia?
Investment to Soviet Union-Russia’s accumulation
The Deep Recession
political inaction and natural disasters, slow economic growth.

1997: WTO(World Trade Organization)
Role of each family member
Agriculture & Economy
1% Farming land / 80% Semi desert & Grassland
1920s: Agriculture = 18%
1980s: Agriculture: 60%
- Exporting -> related to the government focus on trade & services.
traditionally-breadwinner and decision maker
nowadays-also takes care of children, helps with cooking, gardening, shopping, etc.
traditionally-takes care of children, supervises chores, prepares meals and family budget
nowadays-also earn a living to increase family income
helps mother with household chores (preparing meals, going to the market, etc.)
eldest takes care of youngsters
mostly heavy work(cleaning yard, fetching water, doing errands, etc.)
elder sons help father with carpentry
Distribution of household activities
home activities differ by income and size of the family
creates harmony and happiness
understand differences among each other
(Sain uu?)
(Sain baina uu)
(Baina uu) - on the phone
(Ene ymar unetei ve?)
(Sonin sainan yu baina ve?)
(Yu baina ve?)
(Sain ta sain baina uu)
(Tand ikh bayarlalaa )
1) Current government: Parliamentary Government (1990-)
a) President- Tsakhia Elbegdorj
b) Ruling Party: Mongolian Democratic Party

2) 1921-1990: Communism/ Socialist Government
a) Model of Soviet System
b) Formed after ‘Mongolian Revolution of 1921’
c) Only 1 communist party: MPRP (Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party)
Ancient Times:
Shamanism (main religion) 6%
clear teaching: stay clean and true
Shaman: earn other's trust
unclear origin/creator
Tibetan Bhuddism (13th century)
50% of population's belief

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