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Ashley Webb

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of School

Different Schools
Traditional School
Charter School
Private School
"You Ought To Go To School"
National Child Labor Committee ended child labor and provided compulsory education for all children.
Detail 3
How Charter Operate Differently
They are established and run by parents.
Parent involvement is visible and strong.
They focus their education on offering by hands on, second languages, ect
Focus on smaller classroom sizes
Some have uniforms that identify the school. Ex. Some where khakis and a nice shirt
How they are similar
They have to follow the same curriculum
They are considered public schools
Just like public schools they have to give an end of level test.
They receive government funding (from the state not federal)
They are like public schools in the fact that they don't focus on religion and have regulations on religion in school.
History of Private Schools
Private schools came before public schools.
The first private schools were established by Roman Catholic missionaries in Florida and Louisiana.
Most early private schools were founded on religion.
What Makes Them Different
Most times they have a uniform
If they do not have a specific uniform they have a stricter dress code than public schools
You have to pay tuition to attend
Some are bording schools, where the students and faculty live on campus/ in dorms
They have smaller class sizes
Teachers need a teaching certificate and a degree
The curriculum is similar to a public school but can be with certain bases (ex: Religion).
First established in Minesota in 1991.
Charter Schools are public schools created by a group of parents, teachers or community advocates, who see a need for a better educational system in their community.
Charter Schools usually have a different vision of curricular emphasis, other than the public schools.
Charter Schools grew more and more poular and by Janurary 2010 there were 1.5 million student enrolled in Charter Schools in US.

Charter Schools receives public funding, but operates privately.
When Charter Schools first started, they had to be sponsored by a public shool district, and operate under its umbrella.
In Utah, there are 87 Charter Schools
History of Charter Schools
An example of what a charter school with uniforms would look like.

Transformation of the American society from an agricultural society to an industrial one.
Child labor - expectation to support the family.
Child labor and working conditions.
Number of working children in the world 300 million
History of Public Shools

From Exclusive To Inclusive
From serving "Elite" to serving " General Population"
By the end of the 19th century, Education was universal.
State controlled the public education, and attendance was mandatory.
All racials, religions and ethnic groups had access to the same type of education.
No child was denied access to any public school system in US.
Call to Action
As a result of a struggling public education system, parents were willing to try different things.
As a result, Charter schools started to grow, and doubled in numbers over the last ten years. The goal was to offer parents and students more choices as to the curricular emphasis, classroom size, uniform and even new learning strategies and techniques.
As we see the shift from agriculture society to industrial, there was also a shift from vocational training to formal education.
Not all children enjoy learning the same way, and they have different interests, and different learning style. All children are required to have twelve years of formal education.

Compulsory laws kept children in school longer, and limited their job opportunities.
Students are receiving diplomas that do not certify their academic readiness and confidence.
Effects of Compulsory Education
Effects of Compulsory Education
Curriculum in public schools lacks critical thinking skills. The product becomes a student who can't question the system. Everything is presented as a fact.
Parent support is lacking sorely in public school system. They depend on the school in providing the learning, nurturing and caring for their children.
SB 71 - Call For End of Compulsory Education
Where are we today??
Numbers from National Assessment of Education Progress:
67% fourth graders scored below proficiency level in International Student Assessment Test done in 30 western countries, including EU countries in 2010.
15 years old in the US placed the 25th out of 30 countries in math and 21st out of 30 in science.
Another research based fact from the National Education Commission on Time & Learning showed that:
41% of a public school day is based on academics.
59% is jammed with course work (self-esteem, safety, Prevention and family life)
Europeans and Asians have rapidly expanded their education system over the last 50 years. Singapore math is being introduced in public and charter schools as a model math teaching curriculum.
Utah Senator Aaron Osmond is sponsoring a Bill that calls for ending of compulsory education, and perceiving education as an opportunity versus a state commitment.
He is arguing that compulsory education is promoting parents disengagement from their responsibilities to oversee the progress and success of their children education.
Teachers do not receive meaningful support from parents, or the school districts when it comes to disciplining children.
Supporters of this Bill argue that compulsory education puts a great burden on the schools, and make teachers and school accountable for behavioral problems, providing balanced nutrition, sports programs, teaching sex ed, basic health screening and college readiness.
Counter Argument for SB 71
With new immigration waves that are growing in the US, the government has to cater to the increasingly diverse population.
Immigrant children need help in so many areas that are beyond their parent ability, due to many factors.
SB 71

Finland Public School System
Finnish students in a 2000 International Student Assessment test led in reading, math and science.
No mandated standardized tests in Finland.
The autonomy and respect teachers enjoy, make the job attractive.
No rankings, no comparison or competition between students, schools and regions.
Teachers are highly trained university professional, they have to earn a Master's degree by the 5th year of their teaching (paid for by the state.)
Government provide subsidized daycare to parents. Also, gives 150 euro/month for every child until they turn 17.
Schools provide food, free medical care and taxi services for students, if needed.
"Test Culture" - accountability measures through Standardised testing and testing analysis are taking away from enjoyment of the learning process.
Considerable amount of money and time are spent on test preparation and analysis. Scores have to be separated and sorted by race, ethnicity, gender, regions and school districts. These results have to be published, and it becomes public records.
Schools that functioned poorly are shamed and threatened with closure and funding cut backs. That promotes the mindset of competition and comparison.
Teachers' Unions have argued constantly that it is a failing system. In addition, it is unfair to evaluate teachers and students through test scores..
The Bill also talks about the employment relationships between school boards and teachers. "At-will contract" versus "continued employment."
Accountability measures - standardized testing. Considerable amount of time and money are spent on separating and sorting these test scores by race, ethnicity, gender, regions and school districts. Results have to be published, and it becomes public records. Schools that function poorly are shamed, threatned with closure and cut backs in funding.
The Finnish Approach
"Prepare children to learn how to learn, not how take a test."
"If you only measure statistics, you miss the human aspect."
"It's nonsense! we know much more about the children than these tests scores.
Increased political power of the working class and other social reform movements calling for regulation of child labor.
In 1904 National Child Labor Committee was established to end child labor.
First public school established in 1635 in Boston, "Bostin Latin School."
Offered only "All male" education, and it was geared towards educating Boston elite.
Until then, education was done through traditional english methods: family, church, community and apprenticehip.
Public Schools
With the ever changing makeup of US population, the government wanted to cater for the wide variety of people living in the US, by offering equal opportunity education for everyone. We compromised quality for equity.
Helisinki Public School Principal
SB 71 - End Compulsory Education
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