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Sustainability

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by

Seth Parker

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of Sustainability

Sustainability Wood-Plastic Composite WPC WPC is part of the larger category: NFPC Natural Fiber Plastic Composites Sustainable properties:
- Produced by using recycled plastics and waste products of the wood industry
- Easy to make new WPC materials
out of old ones. Wood compound materials Based on waste materials
from timber trade. Main properties of compound materials:
- Stable dimensions
- Minimal swelling
- Constant qualities
- Low cost
- Interesting surface textures Oriented strand board Bioplastics based on cellulose Bioplastics are plastics made out of renewable biomass CA Cellulose Acetate
CTA Cellulose Triacetate Natural fiber insulation Cork insulation Sustainable properties:
- Saving resources and primary energy Cellulose insulation are used as isolation in buildings HempFlax Nature Insulation
is made of 100% natural hemp fibers
repels water
lighter than glass fibers
consumes little energy Biopolymers such as Ingeo by Natureworks
are plastics made of plants insted of oil. They
are used for:
clothing
packaging
durable goods
cotainers Biopolymer Process Discarded wood in landfills Discarded wood in landfills
Hundreds of tons/year in BC Reclaim and Reuse Reclaimed wood can be used for interiors. Composting Shredded recycled wood:
Furniture
Hard Surfaces/Tabletop
Gardening
Wood Compost purchasable by Solid Waste Management Companies such as EcoWaste Vancouver BC. “Cradle to Cradle Design offers a clear alternative, a framework in which the safe, regenerative productivity of nature provides models for wholly positive human designs. Working from this perspective, we do not aim to be less bad. Instead, our design assignment is to create a world of interdependent natural and human systems powered by the sun in which safe, healthful materials flow in regenerative cycles, elegantly and equitably deployed for the benefit of all.” - William McDonough Life Cycle Biol. The sequence of stages through which an individual organism passes from origin as a zygote to death, or through which the members of a species pass from the production of gametes by one generation to that by the next. (Oxford English Dictionary) Life Cycle Design "Life Cycle Design integrates environmental issues into product development by considering all product life cycle stages: raw material acquisition, manufacturing, use, distribution and disposal." (Jeganova, 9) Sustainability The quality of not being harmful to the environment or depleting natural resources, and thereby supporting long-term ecological balance. Cradle to Cradle Canada's Forest

Canada is the world’s largest exporter of forest products.

Its forest diversity means Canada can sustainably produce a wide range of quality products, including softwood lumber, newsprint, wood pulp, wood panels and value-added products. Sustainable Forest Management The stewardship and use of forests and forest lands in a way, and at a rate, that maintains their biodiversity, productivity, regeneration capacity, vitality and their potential to fulfill, now and in the future, relevant ecological, economic and social functions, at local, national, and global levels, and that does not cause damage to other ecosystems. Forest Principles At The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, the "Forest Principles" were created and adopted by member countries. -Extent of Forest Resources
-Biological Diversity
-Forest Health & Vitality
-Productive Functions of Forest Resources
-Protective Functions of Forest Resources
-Socio-economic Functions
-Legal, Policy & Institutional Framework Companies that harvest Canada's public forests must regenerate them to reflect the original natural diversity. Silvicultural practices must address ecological issues as well as timber production. Reforestation Silviculture: The art, science and practice of controlling the establishment, composition, health, quality, and growth of forest stands. Clear-Cutting

Shelter-wood

Selection System




Clear-cutting is generally the most ecologically appropriate way to harvest and renew the boreal forest because it most closely resembles the large natural disturbances, such as fire, wind, floods and insects, which are common in the region. 3 main harvest systems Cradle to Grave

vs

Cradle to Cradle Nokia Lifecycle Process Tree - Eames Chair Cradle to Grave Once a site is renewed through the clear-cut or shelter-wood system, it is left to grow freely until it is mature. focus on disposal focus on recycling/re-purpose St. Pierre, Louise. Okala Presentation. SOCS 202 Ecological Perspectives. 2012

Jeganove, Julie. Product Life Cycle Design: Intergrating Environmental Aspects into Product Design and Development Process at Alfa Laval. Lunds University. Nov. 2004

McDonough, William, and Michael Braungart. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. New York: North Point Press, 2002. Print.

Peters, Sascha. Material revolution : Sustainable and Multi-purpose Materials for Design and Architecture. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2011. Print.

Canadian Council of Forest Ministers." Sustainable Forest Management in Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2012.

"Material: Home." Materia: Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.materia.nl/>.

"Ross Lovegrove Shares Organic Designs." TED: Ideas worth Spreading. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.ted.com/talks/ross_lovegrove_shares_organic_designs.html>.

"Green Design for the Future." Http://www.interiordesign.net/channel/Greenzone.php. N.p., 12 Feb. 2012. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. Bibliography
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