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Gestalt Therapy

Prepared for Psyc 165 - Sp'13 @ SJSU
by

Celeste Enriquez

on 19 April 2013

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Transcript of Gestalt Therapy

Celeste Enriquez
Patricia Manzo
Mellisa Birch
Patrick Harris Would it be strange to pray using a

COUNSELING THEORY ? FRITZ PERLS Didn't think so, he created what many
in academic discussion, use as a starting
point for debate around issues of
autonomy and interdependence........ The Gestalt prayer: View of
Human Nature Therapist Function & Role Therapy Goals (July 8, 1893 - March 14, 1970) Gestalt Therapy Applications Skit Anxiety

Aggression

Depression

Perfection Driven

Phobic

Crisis intervention

Group Therapy

Couples Therapy Limitations Clients who have been culturally conditioned to be emotionally reserved might not see value in experiential techniques.

Clients may believe to show one's vulnerability is to be weak.

Clients may be "put off" by a focus on catharsis. The phrase:

“The whole is greater than the sum of its parts”

is often used when explaining Gestalt theory Some Basic Principles of Gestalt Therapy Gestalt is
an insight,
experiential, and
action-oriented. The basic goal of Gestalt therapy is attaining a awareness, and with it greater choice. Awareness including knowing the environment, knowing oneself, accepting oneself, and being able to make contact. Stay with their awareness, unfinished business will emerge. Summary Gestalt therapy encourages
clients to: People use Avoidance: In Gestalt therapy,
the relationship between client and counselor is seen as: Experience feelings intensely

Stay in the here-and-now

Work through the impasses

Pay attention to their own nonverbal messages To keep themselves from facing unfinished business

Keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions

Keep from having to change A joint venture

An existential encounter

An I\Thou interaction Pearl's view of human nature is that clients are manipulative and avoid self-reliance.

Not willing to accept their own perceptions as valid.

They are looking to others for the answer From a
Multicultural perspective Must work with clients from their cultural perspective Limitations: Focus on "affect."
Asian cultural value: emotional control. Prohibition to directly express the negative feelings to their parents. Contribution: It enables intense experiencing to occur quickly.
It can be relatively brief.
It stresses doing & experiencing, as opposed to talking about problems Increase clients awareness

Pay attention to the present moment

Pay attention to the clients' body language, nonverbal language, and inconsistency between verbal and nonverbal messages
(anger, and smile) Main tools of Gestalt Therapy Most Different = Behavioral Therapies


Most Similar = Humanistic Theories Awareness

Stay with it

Enactment

Exaggeration

Loosening and Integrating Comparison to Other Therapies Guided Fantasy

Body Techniques

Therapist Disclosure

Reversal Technique

The Gestalt approach to dreams Freud Past

Reduction

Deterministic

Unconscious

Biological Compulsion

Energy system seeking homeostasis or completion "Gestalt" Pearls comes from the German word for Present

Holistic

Phenomenological

Disowned parts

Closure

Energy system is seeking homeostasis or completion "whole" Focused on the person's experience in the here & now View of Human Nature is rooted in Existential Philosophy

Phenomenology

Field Theory Function Language of
Gestalt Therapy "It" talk – "it" instead of "I" (depersonalizing language)

"You" talk – "you" instead of "I" (global and impersonal)

Questions - keep the questioner hidden, safe, and unknown.

Language that denies power – qualifiers and disclaimers such as "perhaps", "sort of", "I guess", "possibly", "I suppose"

"I can’t " talk – instead of "I won’t"

Listening to metaphors

Listening to language. Holism Relations between Therapist and Client Person-to-Person

Therapist's Use of self in therapy

Preparing clients for experimental work

Respect resistance Field Theory Phenomenological Gestalt Formation Resistance Gestalt Therapists see resistance as the process of opposing the formation of a threatening figure.
A gestalt therapist would view resistance as an attempt to maintain psychological integrity Examples would be the point of impasse such as... The focus is on the ...

what and how of behavior (not why).

here-and-now.

integrating fragmented parts of the personality.

unfinished business from the past. Gestalt is best considered as a form of Existential Therapy Therapeutic techniques and procedures The internal dialogue exercise

Making the rounds

Rehearsal exercise

Exaggeration exercise

Stay with the feeling

The Gestalt approach to dream work Dialogue Characteristics Inclusion

Presence

Commitment to Dialogue

Dialogue is lived Main Gestalt Principles Awareness

Direct experience

Contact

Relationship

Experimentation

Phenomenological focusing Remember:
Full transcript