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Transcript of Gestalt Therapy
Patrick Harris Would it be strange to pray using a
COUNSELING THEORY ? FRITZ PERLS Didn't think so, he created what many
in academic discussion, use as a starting
point for debate around issues of
autonomy and interdependence........ The Gestalt prayer: View of
Human Nature Therapist Function & Role Therapy Goals (July 8, 1893 - March 14, 1970) Gestalt Therapy Applications Skit Anxiety
Couples Therapy Limitations Clients who have been culturally conditioned to be emotionally reserved might not see value in experiential techniques.
Clients may believe to show one's vulnerability is to be weak.
Clients may be "put off" by a focus on catharsis. The phrase:
“The whole is greater than the sum of its parts”
is often used when explaining Gestalt theory Some Basic Principles of Gestalt Therapy Gestalt is
action-oriented. The basic goal of Gestalt therapy is attaining a awareness, and with it greater choice. Awareness including knowing the environment, knowing oneself, accepting oneself, and being able to make contact. Stay with their awareness, unfinished business will emerge. Summary Gestalt therapy encourages
clients to: People use Avoidance: In Gestalt therapy,
the relationship between client and counselor is seen as: Experience feelings intensely
Stay in the here-and-now
Work through the impasses
Pay attention to their own nonverbal messages To keep themselves from facing unfinished business
Keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions
Keep from having to change A joint venture
An existential encounter
An I\Thou interaction Pearl's view of human nature is that clients are manipulative and avoid self-reliance.
Not willing to accept their own perceptions as valid.
They are looking to others for the answer From a
Multicultural perspective Must work with clients from their cultural perspective Limitations: Focus on "affect."
Asian cultural value: emotional control. Prohibition to directly express the negative feelings to their parents. Contribution: It enables intense experiencing to occur quickly.
It can be relatively brief.
It stresses doing & experiencing, as opposed to talking about problems Increase clients awareness
Pay attention to the present moment
Pay attention to the clients' body language, nonverbal language, and inconsistency between verbal and nonverbal messages
(anger, and smile) Main tools of Gestalt Therapy Most Different = Behavioral Therapies
Most Similar = Humanistic Theories Awareness
Stay with it
Loosening and Integrating Comparison to Other Therapies Guided Fantasy
The Gestalt approach to dreams Freud Past
Energy system seeking homeostasis or completion "Gestalt" Pearls comes from the German word for Present
Energy system is seeking homeostasis or completion "whole" Focused on the person's experience in the here & now View of Human Nature is rooted in Existential Philosophy
Field Theory Function Language of
Gestalt Therapy "It" talk – "it" instead of "I" (depersonalizing language)
"You" talk – "you" instead of "I" (global and impersonal)
Questions - keep the questioner hidden, safe, and unknown.
Language that denies power – qualifiers and disclaimers such as "perhaps", "sort of", "I guess", "possibly", "I suppose"
"I can’t " talk – instead of "I won’t"
Listening to metaphors
Listening to language. Holism Relations between Therapist and Client Person-to-Person
Therapist's Use of self in therapy
Preparing clients for experimental work
Respect resistance Field Theory Phenomenological Gestalt Formation Resistance Gestalt Therapists see resistance as the process of opposing the formation of a threatening figure.
A gestalt therapist would view resistance as an attempt to maintain psychological integrity Examples would be the point of impasse such as... The focus is on the ...
what and how of behavior (not why).
integrating fragmented parts of the personality.
unfinished business from the past. Gestalt is best considered as a form of Existential Therapy Therapeutic techniques and procedures The internal dialogue exercise
Making the rounds
Stay with the feeling
The Gestalt approach to dream work Dialogue Characteristics Inclusion
Commitment to Dialogue
Dialogue is lived Main Gestalt Principles Awareness
Phenomenological focusing Remember: