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Mapping Human Values

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Mark Alfano

on 7 October 2016

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Transcript of Mapping Human Values

Marianne Theresa Johnson-Reddick born Jan 4, 1935 and died alone on Aug. 30, 2013. She is survived by her 6 of 8 children whom she spent her lifetime torturing in every way possible. While she neglected and abused her small children, she refused to allow anyone else to care or show compassion towards them. When they became adults she stalked and tortured anyone they dared to love. Everyone she met, adult or child was tortured by her cruelty and exposure to violence, criminal activity, vulgarity, and hatred of the gentle or kind human spirit.

On behalf of her children whom she so abrasively exposed to her evil and violent life, we celebrate her passing from this earth and hope she lives in the after-life reliving each gesture of violence, cruelty, and shame that she delivered on her children. Her surviving children will now live the rest of their lives with the peace of knowing their nightmare finally has some form of closure.

Mapping Human Values
Mark Alfano, Andrew Higgins, & Jacob Levernier
Motivating the Project

One way to express the depth required for a trait to be a virtue or a vice is to think of it as a quality we would ascribe to a person if asked to describe her after her death.

- Linda Zagzebski (1996, 135)
The Project
(1) Manual Collection and Analysis
- Eugene, Oregon; Flint, Michigan;
Wasilla, Alaska; Amherst, Massachusetts
- New York Times Obituaries
(2) Automated Collection and Analysis
- 13,000 obituaries, U. Oregon graduates
Eugene, Oregon
N = 169 (76 female)
Wasilla, Alaska
N = 49 (28 female)
Flint, Michigan
N = 147 (81 female)
Amherst, Mass.
N = 565 (299 female)
Male
vs.
Female
General Comparison:
New York Times
N = 74 (10 female)
Project #2: Automated Reading
Process:
1. Collected 13,209 obits (3.9 million words) from ObituaryData.com (keyword: "University of Oregon")
2. Using ConText, deleted stop words, further filtered to only consider agent-level descriptions, and combined synonyms.
3. Analysis & network generation
- Age: mean = 77; SD = 14.8
- Location: 60% Oregon, 21% Washington or California
- Gender: 55% male obits; 61% male words
(3) Surveying living subjects
(4) Historical & Geographical expansions
Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT): write your own obituary to clarity your values, which in turn may help you live them.
Goal
: to map and contrast value and virtue attributions

Method
: analyzing character ascriptions in ordinary language

veteran, sports fan, athlete
(>50% more male)

entrepreneur, nature-lover
(10-50% more male)

humorous, devoted, leader, family, loving, avid, volunteer, generous, musician (balanced)

civic, friend, teacher, Christian, kind, traveler, artist
(10-50% more female)

cook
(>50% more female)

Pericles
Xianyu Huang
young people's prospective obituaries
older people's prospective obituaries
University of Oregon undergraduates' prospective obituaries
Full transcript