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Fray Marcos De Niza
Transcript of Fray Marcos De Niza
The great wealth the Spaniards took when they conquered the Aztec of Central America and the Inca of South America only fueled beliefs that still more riches lay somewhere in the interior of what is now the United States. So when Friar de Niza said he’d seen Cibola, Spanish officials were eager to believe him.
The slave and guide, Estevanico, was sent ahead as an advance scout. Separated by several days' travel from Fray Marcos de Niza, Estevanico approached "Cíbola," which is thought today, to have been the Zuni pueblo of Hawikuh. On his arrival, he announced his intentions to make peace, heal the sick, and told the villagers that he had been sent by white men who would soon arrive and instruct them in divine matters. The village elders, suspicious of his claims that he came from a land of white men because he was dark, and resentful of his demands for turquoise and women, killed him when he attempted to enter the village.
Marcos de Niza was famous for discovering the Pueblo tribe called the Zuni indians. Duped into believing the myth of the "Seven Golden Cities of Cibola" - the mythical Seven Cities of Gold in New Mexico He was the first explorer to report the Seven Cities of Cibola, and his report launched the Coronado expedition, which left Mexico in 1540 to seek gold and riches there. In 1531, Fray Marcos de Niza set his foot in the land of the Americas. This is where he proved himself with his hard work and his abilities were soon noticed by his seniors. His sincere work was appreciated and acknowledged in Guatemala, Peru and Mexico. The land north of Sonora had been made famous because of the supposed riches that lay confined in this country.
Niza was sent in order to discover and bring back to his native land this wealth and treasure and explore the land leaving behind the cultural trait of the Spanish in this new land. During 1536 - 1539 Fray Marcos de Niza explores areas of Mexico where he frees some Native American slaves at Culiacan and discovers the Pueblo tribe called the Zuni indians.
Marcos de Niza learns about the "Seven Golden Cities of Cibola" from native Indians. “It appears to be a very beautiful city, the best that I have seen in these parts.” The priest acknowledged, however, that he had only seen the city from a distance and had not entered it because he thought the Zuni Indian inhabitants would kill him if he approached. In 1539, Fray Marcos de Niza, a Franciscan priest, reported to Spanish colonial officials in Mexico City that he’d seen the legendary city of Cibola in what is now New Mexico. It was an electrifying statement—Spanish explorers who were scouring the New World for Native American treasure had heard persistent tales of the fantastic wealth of the so-called Seven Cities of Cibola. 1540: Coronado reaches Cibola but it was not El Dorado the gleaming city of wealth described by Fray Marcos.
Fray Marcos de Niza is dismissed as guide and sent back in disgrace and branded as a liar by Coronado
1542: The Viceroy brands the expedition of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado an abject failure but Coronado retains his post of Governor
Fray Marcos was only temporarily disgraced and holds the highest local office in the Franciscans and continues his explorations
1549: Fray Marcos de Niza is the first white man to visit Arizona
1558: Friar Marcos de Niza dies on March 25, 1558