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Trading cards

A Presentation on Trading Cards
by

S Poulin

on 26 September 2016

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Transcript of Trading cards

Baseball Cards
Magic the Gathering
Magic the Gathering
was a trading card game that was created by Richard Garfield. When the game was first created, it was called
Magic
, but the name was too general to be trademarked, so the game's name was changed to
Mana Clash
. However, everyone who played the game still called it
Magic
so the name was changed again, but this time it was called
Magic: The Gathering
, also known as
MTG.
The game was released on August 5th, 1993.
Pokémon TCG
History of Trading Cards
Pikachu Illustrator (Japan)
T206 Honus Wagner
Wizards of the Coast
Charizard
This is the most valuable trading card ever manufactured. It is so valuable because Honus Wagner did not allow the tobacco company that manufactured the cards at the time to continue featuring him on their cards, because he thought it encouraged children to buy cigarettes so they could obtain his baseball card. One authentic version of the card is located in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. In 2013 a T206 card was sold for over $2 million dollars.
Bibliography
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T206_Honus_Wagner
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baseball_card
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic:_The_Gathering
http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/
http://pokebeach.com/
http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51ZUaSG2YzL._SY355_.jpg
http://paulsrandomstuff.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/lucas-duda-back.jpg?w=560
http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/61UTFkedA1L._SX450_.jpg
http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Imakuni%3F%27s_Exploud_ex_%28T_Promo_24%29
http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Charizard_%28Base_Set_4%29
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Wizards_of_the_Coast_products#Board_games_.28produced_under_the_Avalon_Hill_name.29
http://cdn.bulbagarden.net/upload/thumb/5/5f/Pok%C3%A9monIllustratorCoroCoropromo.jpg/180px-Pok%C3%A9monIllustratorCoroCoropromo.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/19/Pok%C3%A9mon_Trading_Card_Game_Coverart.png
http://images2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20130216120007/pokemon/images/f/f6/Pok%C3%A9mon_Trading_Card_Game_Japanese_Cover.PNG
https://41.media.tumblr.com/34f748ac0ce470f4e57a91ea17415f4f/tumblr_ms408qDznr1splc3zo1_400.jpg
http://investorplace.com/2012/12/the-10-most-valuable-baseball-cards/#.VLUmf1WJOuY
Pokemon Trading Card Game The Video Games And Imakuni?
Baseball cards were the first trading cards. They were first established in the 1860's. The early baseball cards were produced by tobacco companies. This gave birth to the T206 Honus Wagner card. After World War I baseball card production slowed down, and never got back up until 1930. In 1930 Goudey Gum Company became a large producer of cards. After Goudey Gum closed in 1933, baseball card production nearly completely stopped until 1941 when Topps gum company started producing cards. In 1948 Bowman became the main producer of baseball cards. In 1952 Topps took over as the leading producer of baseball cards. Also they produced the first Topps Mickey Mantle card which is greatly sought after by collectors. Topps and Bowman competed for the top until 1956 when Topps bought Bowman. In 1959 the Fleer company started producing cards and made a contract with Ted Williams to make cards of him. Fleer was unsuccessful because players were obligated by contract to appear on Topps baseball cards. In 1975 Fleer sued Topps and won. In 1981 Donruss was first made. Collecting cards became more and more popular in the 80's and introduced Score (1988) and Upper Deck (1989) In 2005 Fleer went bankrupt and was bought by Upper Deck. In 2006 Donruss lost MLB license to make cards, leaving only Topps and Upper Deck left. In 2011 to celebrate their 60th anniversary Topps produced Diamond Giveaway cards, this allowed you to enter codes online to unlock baseball cards, some had actual diamonds in them (There is only one of each player). This continued similarly in Topps Golden Giveaway and Million Dollar Chase in 2012 and 2013 respectively.
Pikachu Illustrator is the rarest Pokemon Card of all time. Only 40 are confirmed to exist, It has a Double Star holo rating, which I did not know existed until I saw this. It is usually only seen on Shining Pokemon. One sold for a whopping $100,000 on Ebay. Another sold for $32,500. The first card was called "The Holy Grail" of Trading Cards. The card was printed only in Japanese, and given to entrants in a Pokemon drawing contest.
Charizard is the most easily recognized Pokemon Card ever. It had the best attack of its time, and was the most popular Pokemon of the time, albeit not the strongest (Or anywhere near it, but that argument (war) is for another day), but that is beside the point, well for now. Its value can range from $50 to $600, which is nothing compared to Pikachu Illustrator, however this card has more than 40 copies, and is in an actual set. This is by far the most sought after card, so don't lose it. *cough* Gabe.
First Version
Gold Stormfront Remake
Wizards of the Coast is probably the most widely recognized TCG company other than Topps. Wizards makes localized English versions of Trading Cards from other countries, usually Japan. Wizards own BattleTech Trading Card Game, Codename: Kids Next Door, Duel Masters Trading Card Game, Dune, Eye of Judgment, Harry Potter Trading Card Game, Hecatomb, Kaijudo Trading Card Game, Magic: The Gathering, MapleStory iTCG, MLB Showdown, NBA Showdown, Neopets Trading Card Game, Netrunner, NFL Showdown, Star Sisterz, Star Wars: The Trading Card Game, (You can make anything into a Trading card game) Vampire: The Eternal Struggle, and Xiaolin Showdown Trading Card Game, and previously owned the Pokémon Trading Card Game.
In 1998 Japan released Pokemon Trading Card Game, as a video game. Like any Pokemon game this game has its own version of 8 gyms, and 5 Elite Four members. (Yes 5 Elite Four Members) It has a plot line similar to Pokemon Red and Blue, the player has a rival. The first gym leader (Sorry, Club Master) is Nikki who uses Grass type, specifically Venusaur, Vileplume and Exxeggutor. Next is Club Master Rick who uses Poison and Psychic type Pokemon including Muk, Weezing, Mewtwo, and Porygon. Next is Ken of the Fire Club, who uses, you guessed it Fire type, and also Normal type, including Magmar, Arcanine, Wigglytuff, Tauros, and Chansey. Next is Club Master Amy who uses Water type, specifically Blastoise, and Lapras. Next is Isaac, who specializes in Electric type, and a few normal type, like Magneton, Electabuzz, Electrode, Kanghaskan, and Tauros. Next you battle Murray who uses Psychic type Pokemon, like Alakazam and Mr. Mime. Next you battle Gene who uses Rock and Ground type Pokemon, which in this game is a monotype team(Rock, fighting and ground all share one type symbol). He uses Dugtrio, Golem, Rhyhorn, and Onix. The final Club Master is Mitch, who uses Fighting type Pokemon like Machamp, Hitmonlee, Hitmonchan, and Primeape. In Pokemon Trading Card Game 2: Here comes Team GR! they are the same. Pokemon TCG2 Here Comes Team GR! was not released in countries other than Japan, because it was thought to be to similar to the original game that people would not buy it. The plot of the game is simple, defeat the Elite 4, and become the greatest TCG player of all time. Other NPC's (Non-Playable Characters) include Imakuni? He is an eccentric musician, who helped promote Pokemon, and even has some joke cards made with his name, such as Imakuni?, Imakuni's Doduo, Imakuni's Exploud ex, Dance! Neo Imakuni?, Shining Imakuni?, Lose?, and Imakuni?'s Nasty Plot are just a few. Imakuni's Exploud ex features an ability that has an effect translated to As long as Imakuni?'s Exploud ex is in play, it'll get mad if both players don't play with their mouths wide open. Hey!! It's other attack name is "______" (←Write the name of a person you like), which makes each of your opponent's Active Pokémon is now Confused. It says If you don't have anyone you like, you can't use this attack (even a star would be okay). If your opponent is the person you like, confess so. Imakuni's hijinks don't stop there, with his Doduo's attack that makes you sing a song, and his ability that makes you throw the card. Imakuni's Whismur prevents either player from talking, and Imakuni's Nasty Plot encourages cheating, saying when you play this card, you may remove damage counters when your opponent isn't looking. And no matter what they ask, pretend you don't know about it. Dance! Neo Imakuni is the card with the highest HP of any printed card, though there is an arrow pointing to it saying "lie." When battled Imakuni? will use his card which confuses your active Pokemon. The 5 Grand Masters (also know as the Elite Four focus on using Moltres, Zapdos, Articuno, and Dragonite. Courtney uses Fire type, Steve uses Lightning (Electric in the video games) type, Jack uses Ice type, Rod uses Dragonite, Gyarados, Lapras, and Charizard. Ronald uses Fire type among a few others, including Moltres, Arcanine, Articuno, Vaporeon, Jolteon, Zapdos, Flareon, and Dragonite. After defeating him you win the game!
Japanese Imakuni? card translated to English
Pokemon Trading Card Game 2: Here comes Team GR
Pokemon Trading Card Game
In 1996 Pokemon trading cards were produced in Japan by Media Factory, the company that produces the Pokemon anime, in 1999 Wizards of the Coast started producing Pokemon Cards in America, and Media Factory stopped producing. These cards were based more on the Pokemon anime than the video games. In 2003 the ownership of the Pokemon TCG was given to Nintendo. With this the Pokemon Trading Card Game dove into an era of overpowered, yet almost unplayable cards. I'm talking about Pokemon ex’s! While some are good they are not worth to the price you have to pay. In the Pokemon Trading Card Game you win by taking six prize cards before your opponent does, if your opponent has no Pokemon left in play, or if your opponent has no more cards in his deck at the beginning of his turn. Ex cards, unlike normal cards allow your opponent to take two prize cards instead of one. The ex cards were awful, almost worse than regular cards, until the Pokemon Team Magma vs Team Aqua, when Cradily ex came along. This pokemon had great attacks, which inflict status conditions, and it's Poke-Body makes your opponent unable to evolve and heal their status. The few sets afterwards had the famous Charizard ex. It had a ridiculously powerful attack that would One-Hit-KO any card in the game at that point. (Se to the left and in bottom corners for exception) This card still was not that great though as its attack forces you to discard 5 fire energy attached to Charizard ex. There were also 2 Mr. Mime ex cards, which look fun to play with as one could only be damaged by even number power attacks (First digit), while the other could only be damaged by odd number attacks (First digit). The next memorable ex card was Lugia ex. This Pokemon had a 200 damage attack that cost only one fire, one electric, and one water energy, however with it's low 100 HP it would be at the least a 2 hit knockout. The set EX Power Keepers was the final ex set. Metagross ex was a good card from this set. It was based off of Steven's Metagross in the Pokemon Video Games, as all the ex cards in the set were based off Pokemon owned by the Elite Four in Pokemon Ruby and Sapphire. Metagross ex had a good attack for it's time, but it would have been a monster in the current metagame. It's attack did 70 damage for 2 metal and 1 colorless energy, which was excellent for it's time, but it did 70 damage to all of your opponent's Pokemon with the same name as their active Pokemon. Salamence ex (Based on Drake of the Elite Four's Salamence) was the perfect game ender with it's whopping 150 damage attack, however this made you discard the top 5 cards of your deck which could not easily be retrieved. It's base 160 HP was incredible for the time, and it's attack cost only 2 fire energy and 2 of any type. Shiftry ex (Based on SIdney of the Elite Four’s Shiftry) was another card in the set with an interesting attack. For one dark energy you could copy the attack of any basic Pokemon in your opponent's hand. This sadly concluded the ex sets, but an new type of card would soon replace it. The Diamond and Pearl sets were the next to come out featuring the new Pokemon level X. These leveled up versions of regular cards had slightly raised HP and more powerful attacks, usually paired with a Poke-Power, or Poke-Body. These did not allow your opponent to take 2 prize cards like Pokemon ex, but they did count as a card of the Pokemon they level up from when considering the 4 card limit, for example you could have 4 Empoleon, or 4 Empoleon level X, but not both. Gardevoir lv X came out later with an attack that automatically knocked out the Pokemon with the lowest remaining HP. In the next set Cresselia made it's TCG debut along with a level X that allowed you to take an extra prize card for knocking out your opponents Pokemon. Types of cards like this continue to appear in the Pokemon TCG. Darkrai also made it's TCG debut with a stunningly powerful level X card. This card puts your opponent to sleep, but instead of the normal 1 coin flip your opponent must flip 2 giving them a 25% chance of attacking, but if they get 2 tails, a 25% chance they faint. The Platinum expansion came with a new gameplay feature the Lost Zone. The Lost Zone is exactly like the discard pile. Except cards in the Lost Zone cannot be retrieved. This is a prominent theme among the level X cards. Dialga G Lv. X, GIratina Lv. X, and Palkia G Lv. X, who all sent cards to the lost zone. This set also introduced Pokemon SP, (Special Pokemon) including the G symbol to represent Galactic. The next set Rising Rivals added Pokemon SP cards for the Elite Four E4, and for Gym Leaders, GL. The set also gave us one of the best cards of the time, Flygon level X. Flygon level X did 150 damage to one of your opponent's Pokemon Level X for three energy of any type! It's Poke-Body wasn't to shabby either, discarding the top card of your opponents deck in between turns. The next set introduced the last batch of new SP cards, C (Champion) and FB (Frontier Brain). The next set, the last Lv. X set, and the last set of Platinum was Platinum Arceus. This set included an Arceus of every type up to that point (So no Fairy or Dragon) and 3 Lv. X cards of Arceus. None of them were particularly powerful, which is ironic, since Arceus is by far the strongest Pokemon ever in the video games. (Excluding Primal Regressions and Mega Evolutions of 680 Base stat Pokemon) This set also included Gengar Lv. X, Salamence Lv. X, and Tangrowth Lv. X. The expert Belt, a Pokemon Tool card in the set gave you +20 HP, made your attacks do +20 damage, but allowed your opponent to take an extra prize card when the Pokemon was knocked out. The next set Heartgold Soulsilver came out around the time that the Pokemon Heart Gold, and Soul Silver video games came out. This got rid of the Pokemon SP and Pokemon Lv. X mechanics, but introduced Pokemon Prime and Pokemon Legend. Pokemon Prime were like Pokemon ex, except your opponent didn't take 2 Prize cards when they were knocked out. None of the HGSS Prime cards were particularly good, iust a bit stronger than normal cards. Most had a Poke-Power and an attack. The Pokemon Legend in the set were not great either. The next set really brought Prime cards into the spotlight witha set oghetsisf terrific Pokemon Prime. This included Kingdra, Steelix, and Tyranitar among others. The HS Triumphant set returned to the Lost Zone with cards such as Absol Prime, Gengar Prime, Mew Prime, and Darkrai and Cresselia Legend. Some of the other Lost Zone oriented cards were moved to the English Call of Legends expansion. Absol Prime forces you to put one of your pokemon into the Lost Zone. Gengar Prime would only put your opponents Pokemon in the Lost Zone instead of the discard pile. Finally Mew Prime (Whose low HP made it almost unusable) could use attacks of all cards in the Lost Zone. Darkrai and Cresselia Legend's main attack put cards in the Lost Zone instead of the discard pile. The English Call of Legends set was the last to feature the Lost Zone. This set discontinued Pokemon Prime and Pokemon Legend. The main feature of this set is Legendary Pokemon. The most used card in the set was Lost World, which allowed you to win the game if your opponent had 6 or more cards in the Lost Zone. The next set Pokemon Black and White introduced Ultra Rare Full Art cards. This set had only a Reshiram and Zekrom, both of which identical to the set's normal Zekrom and Reshiram. It also had a secret rare Pikachu card. The card says "This is an extremely rare Pikachu card. You're very lucky to have found it!" This set also changed Poke-Powers and Poke-Bodies to Abilities. The set Noble Victories features the character N, originally a member of the sinister Team Plasma, who wanted to separate humans from Pokemon. (Kind of strange that he did it by battling with them). He was the King of Team Plasma until the Team’s leader Ghetsis basically fires him after he loses to Hilda (Hilbert). It also has a secret rare card, a Meowth. The card says "This is an extremely rare Meowth card. Maybe good fortune will come to you if you hold this card!" The next set Next Destinies reintroduced EX cards, however if you had 4 old Moltres ex (which uses Lowercase letters) you could still have 4 new Moltres EX (Which uses uppercase letters) in your deck. You could also have a Blaine’s Moltres (Terrible card by the way), Rocket’s Moltres, and Rocket’s Moltres ex, which makes for interesting play with a deck list like: 4x Moltres, 4x Rocket’s Moltres, 4x Rocket’s Moltres ex, 4x Moltres ex, 4x Moltres EX, 4x Blaine’s Moltres, and 4x Articuno, Moltres, and Zapdos (If you allow this in play, it is illegal in tournaments.) This in itself has 28 Pokemon, above the normal 25. The next set Dark Explorers focuses on Dark type, with a few new EX cards. The next set introduced a separate symbol for the Dragon type, albeit without energy of that type. Most Dragon type had energy cost of two other types of energy. The next set Boundaries Crossed featured Black and White Kyurem, and introduced Ace Spec Trainer Cards. The next set introduced Team Plasma Pokemon, which were like the Pokemon SP, except they could be played like normal cards, with differences mostly in Trainer Cards and Attacks. This continued in Plasma Freeze and Plasma Blast. The last Black and White set Legendary features featured a ton of EX cards, and a new and temporary format for cards in a pack, which allowed you to get up to three EX cards in one pack! (Believe me I’ve done it, 1 White Kyurem EX, 1 Full art Melloetta EX, and 1 Normal Meloetta EX) The next set XY introduced a ton of new game mechanics, which included the fairy type, which was introduced on the Pokemon X and Y video games, and Mega Evolution in the form of Pokemon M EX. The next set FlashFire introduced more Pokemon M EX. The next set Furious Fists focused mostly on Fighting type. The next set Phantom Forces introduced Spirit Link cards, which allows you to Mega evolve your cards, without your turn ending, which normal M EX’s do. The next set, which as of now is unreleased is called Primal Clash, and is based on the new Pokemon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire. This set will introduce Primal Pokemon EX, as Pokemon Primal forms. It will introduce Primal Groudon, Primal Kyogre, Mega Aggron, and Mega Gardevoir. An upcoming set is confirmed to feature Mega Rayquaza EX, along with Mega Diancie EX.


Other valuable baseball Cards
Other than the Wagner card some other baseball cards are very valuable, most of them pre-1920. Some are the 1909 T206 Eddie Plank, which is worth about $190,000, a 1910 Red border Joe Jackson($200,000), a 1914 Joe Jackson card ($205,000), a 1910 Honus Wagner ($220,000), a 1911 Ty Cobb ($275,000), a 1933 Lou Gehrig ($275,000), a 1952 Mickey Mantle ($280,000), a 1909 Joe Doyle error card ($330,000), and finally a 1914 Babe Ruth ($520,000).
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