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Macbeth Soliloquy Analysis

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Kate Randazzo

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Macbeth Soliloquy Analysis

Macbeth - Soliloquy Analysis
To Be Thus Is Nothing
- Macbeth is now King, which is what he originally wanted, but now he wants more. He decides there is no reason to be king if he has no security in his position

- Macbeth feels lesser than Banquo, and is afraid of the prophecy that Banquo's kids will be kings

- All Macbeth can think about is the threat that Banquo poses to him

- "Rather than so, come fate into the list,/ And champion me to the utterance!" (III.i.72-73)
- Throughout Macbeth's soliloquies we see his progression as a person

- He becomes an ambitious man with no morals and his paranoia is brought to extremes

- With a deadly mix of paranoia and ambition Macbeth becomes a murder who feels no guilt. Macbeth goes through such a mental deterioration that he can no longer be considered sane
Two Truths are Told
- This soliloquy is a clear marker of the beginning of Macbeth's journey to insanity

- During this soliloquy it is revealed that becoming king is the driving force behind Macbeth's deterioration mentally and also his change in character

- "My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical,/ Shakes so my single state of man that function/ Is smother'd in surmise, and nothing is,/ But what is not." (I.iii.139-142)
Macbeth In The Beginning
- Macbeth is fist viewed as a brave and noble man

- In the beginning, Macbeth has morals, he knows right from wrong and is able to choose right

- Macbeth deteriorates, he looses his morals and his mind, this is evident through his soliloquies
Macbeth's Character
- At this point during the play Macbeth has a conscience, he recognizes that murder is wrong and the idea disgusts him

- His first soliloquy shows he is moral, and that to him morality is more important than ambition

- "If good, why do I yield to that suggestion,/ Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair,/ And make my seated heart knock at my ribs,/ Against the use of nature?" (I.iii.134-137)
Macbeth's Mental State
- During his first soliloquy Macbeth is still sane

- His ambition has not yet started to take a toll on his mind
Macbeth with Banquo after talking to the witches
If It Were Done
- During this soliloquy Macbeth experiences a mood of indecision

- It shows that Macbeth is considering murder because he wants to become King

- He comes up with many reasons why he should or should not murder Duncan, and ultimately comes to the conclusion that the only reason he would is his ambition

- At this point in time Macbeth recognizes his ambition and does not consider it a valid factor in deciding right from wrong
Macbeth's Character
- Macbeth is now thinking about murder, the idea no longer disgusts him

- Before murder was not an option for Macbeth, but now it is, because of his ambition to become King

- "I have no spur/ To prick the sides of my intent, but only/ Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself,/ And falls on the other." (I.vii.25-28)
Macbeth's Mental State
- At this point Macbeth is still sane

- He also still has morals because he makes the decision that he will not murder Duncan, because the only reason to is his ambition

-Although he decides against murder Macbeth's ambition is becoming more prominent because he is considering it
- During this soliloquy Macbeth is holding a dagger, he is not sure whether it is real or a hallucination

- Macbeth struggles to figure out what is going on in his mind, and the dagger leads him to Duncan's room

- Macbeth kills Duncan
Macbeth's Character
- At this point Macbeth's character is moving away from morality and he is focusing more on his ambition

- Macbeth has now moved from contemplating murder to actually committing it

- Macbeth chooses wrong over right because he wants to become king, and his ambition is too great not to act on

- "Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell/ That summons thee to heaven, or hell." (2.2.63-64)
Macbeth's Mental State
- By now Macbeth is deteriorating mentally

- He no longer thinks clearly and is having hallucinations

- He is compelled to kill Duncan by his own mind, in its distraught state

- Macbeth is now beginning to experience paranoia, and has a skewed vision of reality
- Macbeth has not yet lost all of his morality, because he still feels some guilt, but the fact that he killed Duncan shows his mental deterioration and ambition taking over his mind
Macbeth and the dagger
Macbeth's Character
- By now Macbeth is no longer moral, he fears Banquo, and his actions are not held back by his conscience

- Banquo was Macbeth's friend, Macbeth valued him, but now Macbeth no longer has the character to value friends

- In Macbeth's mind, since Banquo is a threat to him and he is jealous of Banquo, Banquo must go
Macbeth's Mental State
- Now Macbeth's mind has deteriorated greatly

- His paranoia has turned to Banquo, since he fears that Banquo threatens his position as King

- Macbeth's mental state has deteriorated so much that he fears his friends are out to get him, and has the ability to think everyone is an enemy
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