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The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

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Deborah Bukaka

on 5 November 2015

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Transcript of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
Timeline

1952
First immortal cells cultured. Collected from Henrietta's cervix. Named HeLa cells. Henrietta dies from cervical cancer. HeLa used to grow massive amount of cells.
Prompt #5
Create a timeline that begins with the removal of Henrietta"s tissuse sample and traces the scientific and medical breakthroughs that have been made possible as a result of HeLa cells. Explain how HeLa cells were used in each situation
1953
1954
HeLa chromosomes visible by hemotoxylin stain.
HeLa cells become first cloned cells.
February 6, 1951 Henrietta went back to Johns Hopkins so they could treat her for her cancer with radium. Radium is like chemotherapy; it destroys all cells it encounters, killing its patients and at high doses it could burn skin straight off the body.

As she went into surgery, the doctor scraped two dime-sized pieces of tissue from her cervix; from her tumor and from healthy tissue nearby
1957
Helen Lane" begins to appear in reference to HeLa.
Chester Southam experiments with cancer by injecting patients with HeLa. He does this without consent.

HeLa "factory" opens at the Tuskegee Institute. Produces HeLa cells on a massive scale.
HeLa cells shipped in postal mail. First cells to ever do this.
Jonas Sacks develops a Polio Vaccine using HeLa cells.
Informed Consent" appears in court documents. 1960 1960:
1960:
1965
HeLa goes into space prior to astronauts to test the effects of space on human cells.
1966
HeLa is fused with mouse cells. Creates the first Human/Animal Hybrid.
The Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York find Southam guilty for unprofessional conduct and they require stricter rules for human research and consent.
1973:
Lacks find out that Henrietta's cells are still alive.
Lacks find out that Henrietta's cells are still alive.
Hopkins takes samples from other Lacks without consent.
HeLa is used to study the behavior of Salmonella in humans. 1Lacks find out that Henrietta's cells are still alive.
Hopkins takes samples from other Lacks without consent.
HeLa is used to study the behavior of Salmonella in humans.
1984
The Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (the Common Rule) requires informed consent for all human-subject research.
1985
John Moore unsuccessfully sues his doctor and the Board of Regents of the University of California for property rights of his tissues.
HeLa used to help show that HPV-16 and HPV-18 causes cancer.
1986-1988
Henrietta's medical record published without family approval.
HeLa used to study HIV. HeLa infected with HIV virus.
1989-1996
California Court of Repeals rule in Moore's favor. Patients have the power to control their tissues. 1989 1989:
Researchers discover enzyme called telomerase which stops cells from dying. 1991 1991:
Supreme Court of California rules against John Moore. If tissue is removed from body it is no longer yours. 1993 1993
HeLa used to study Tuberculosis. 1996
199-2005
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act makes it illegal for medical records to be revealed publicly.
Rolland Pattilo names October 11, HeLa Day. 1999 1999:
RAND Corporation published report that says 307 million tissue samples from 178 million people are stored in the USA. Most taken without consent. 2005 2005:
2006:
HeLa cells used in Nanotechnology Research.
Native American Havasupai tribe sue Arizona State University to remove tissue samples taken without consent.
6000 patients sue Washington University to remove tissue samples from sample bank. 2 courts rule against patients.
US Government issued patents for nearly 20 percent of known human genes. 2006 2006:
2009
NIH researcher is charged for providing thousands of tissue samples to pharmaceutical companies in exchange for half a million dollars. 2009
National Institutes of Health spend $13.5 million to make a bank of fetal blood samples.
Parents in Minnesota and Texas sue to stop fetal bank because blood can be traced back to infant and because it was performed without consent.
150,000 scientists sue Myraid Genetics for patenting the human breast-cancer gene. Inhibits scientific research. The Future of HeLa? 1955
1974
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