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Cubism

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by

Allison Carey

on 20 May 2011

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Transcript of Cubism

Founded by Pablo Picasso & Georges Braque
living in Paris
Early 20th century (1907ish)
2 Types:
Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles d'Avignon 1907. Oil on Canvas
Analytic Cubism
"...state of flux without absolutes, including a single interpretation of reality"
pg 952 Janson's History of Art
Reduced color= emphasis on shapes
Fragmented and rearranged= analyze
Lines and shapes to represent fragments of a whole
No coherent space/volume
retains a kind of depth
A History
Analytic Cubism
Synthetic Cubism
Contrasts of color and texture= monochrome
Georges Braque: Houses L'Estaque. 1908. Oil on canvas
Pablo Picasso: Le guitariste. 1910. Oil on canvas
Juan Gris: Portrait of Picasso. 1912. Oil on canvas
Synthetic Cubism
"Collage cubism"
Georges Braque: The Portuguese. 1911. Oil on canvas.
Paul Cezanne: Steinbruch Bibemus. 1898- 1900. Oil on canvas
Idea tweaked off Cezanne paintings
Pablo Picasso: Ma Jolie. 1911-12. Oil on canvas
~1912
Typically flat objects pasted onto canvas
paper, imitation chair caning
Basically: instead of fragmenting/abstracting objects, they built/arranged it out of paper
Logical peak of Cubism
Picasso extended S.C. to sculpture, created 1st construction
mostly 1914-15
flat, slightly bent and painted metal sheets
Music= favorite theme because its abstract, like art
Essentially:
broken up, angular pieces
3D shading
mix of solid & translucent
working off each other
Pablo Picasso: Glass and Bottle of Suze. 1912. Pasted paper, gouache and charcoal on canvas.
Pablo Picasso: Mandolin and Clarinet. 1913. Painted wood with pencil marks.
Georges Braque: Bottle, Newspaper, Pipe and Glass. 1913. Charcoal and pasted paper.
Georges Braque: Tenora. 1913. Pasted paper, oil, charcoal, and chalk on canvas.
Pablo Picasso: Guitar, Sheet Music, and Wine Glass. 1912. Charcoal, gouache, and pasted paper.
Pablo Picasso: Violin. 1915. Construction of painted metal.
After and Other than Picasso/Braque
Marcel Duchamp: The Bride. 1912. Oil on canvas
Individual painters follow
Late 1910: began exhibiting together in Paris salons
Section d'Or (Golden Section)
Robert Delaunay
Jean Metzinger
Albert Gleizes
Henri Le Fauconnier
Fernand Leger
Roger de La Fresnaye
Marcel Duchamp
Raymond Duchamp-Villion
1912: Gleizes & Metzinger publish Du Cubisme
Robert Delaunay
Most influential of group
1910 works: colors, differed in subject
created movement through ambiguity of Cubist space
pg 963 Janson's History of Art
primary + secondary colors
light + space + movement
Delaunay called it "simultaneous contrasts"
Robert Delaunay: Homage to Bleriot. 1914. Tempera on canvas.
Works Cited
Janson's History of Art
Art History
A Basic History of Art
Google Images
"Cubism is no different than any other school of painting. The same principles and the same elements are common to all. The fact that for a long time Cubism has not been understood... means nothing. I do not read English... [but] this does not mean that the English language does not exist, and why should I blame anybody... but myself if I cannot understand [it]?"

Pablo Picasso, 1923 via Art History by Marilyn Stokstad (pg 1080)
Pablo Picasso: Violin and Guitar. 1913. Oil on canvas
Cubism
Full transcript