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Transcript of Cubism
living in Paris
Early 20th century (1907ish)
Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles d'Avignon 1907. Oil on Canvas
"...state of flux without absolutes, including a single interpretation of reality"
pg 952 Janson's History of Art
Reduced color= emphasis on shapes
Fragmented and rearranged= analyze
Lines and shapes to represent fragments of a whole
No coherent space/volume
retains a kind of depth
Contrasts of color and texture= monochrome
Georges Braque: Houses L'Estaque. 1908. Oil on canvas
Pablo Picasso: Le guitariste. 1910. Oil on canvas
Juan Gris: Portrait of Picasso. 1912. Oil on canvas
Georges Braque: The Portuguese. 1911. Oil on canvas.
Paul Cezanne: Steinbruch Bibemus. 1898- 1900. Oil on canvas
Idea tweaked off Cezanne paintings
Pablo Picasso: Ma Jolie. 1911-12. Oil on canvas
Typically flat objects pasted onto canvas
paper, imitation chair caning
Basically: instead of fragmenting/abstracting objects, they built/arranged it out of paper
Logical peak of Cubism
Picasso extended S.C. to sculpture, created 1st construction
flat, slightly bent and painted metal sheets
Music= favorite theme because its abstract, like art
broken up, angular pieces
mix of solid & translucent
working off each other
Pablo Picasso: Glass and Bottle of Suze. 1912. Pasted paper, gouache and charcoal on canvas.
Pablo Picasso: Mandolin and Clarinet. 1913. Painted wood with pencil marks.
Georges Braque: Bottle, Newspaper, Pipe and Glass. 1913. Charcoal and pasted paper.
Georges Braque: Tenora. 1913. Pasted paper, oil, charcoal, and chalk on canvas.
Pablo Picasso: Guitar, Sheet Music, and Wine Glass. 1912. Charcoal, gouache, and pasted paper.
Pablo Picasso: Violin. 1915. Construction of painted metal.
After and Other than Picasso/Braque
Marcel Duchamp: The Bride. 1912. Oil on canvas
Individual painters follow
Late 1910: began exhibiting together in Paris salons
Section d'Or (Golden Section)
Henri Le Fauconnier
Roger de La Fresnaye
1912: Gleizes & Metzinger publish Du Cubisme
Most influential of group
1910 works: colors, differed in subject
created movement through ambiguity of Cubist space
pg 963 Janson's History of Art
primary + secondary colors
light + space + movement
Delaunay called it "simultaneous contrasts"
Robert Delaunay: Homage to Bleriot. 1914. Tempera on canvas.
Janson's History of Art
A Basic History of Art
"Cubism is no different than any other school of painting. The same principles and the same elements are common to all. The fact that for a long time Cubism has not been understood... means nothing. I do not read English... [but] this does not mean that the English language does not exist, and why should I blame anybody... but myself if I cannot understand [it]?"
Pablo Picasso, 1923 via Art History by Marilyn Stokstad (pg 1080)
Pablo Picasso: Violin and Guitar. 1913. Oil on canvas