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Egypt Revolution

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by

SangHyub Kim

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Egypt Revolution

Egypt Revolution
2008313593 Kim Sang Hyubㅇ
2012312249 Seo Ki Hoon
2013312209 Min Ji Seon
2013312468 Yang Chan Woo
Table of Contents
1. Introduction

-The background of Egypt Revolution.
2. Body
-The process of Revolution
3. Conclusion
1919 Egypt Revolution
1953 Egypt Revolution
2011 Egypt Revolution

Under British Domination
+
Poor life because of World War 1

A picture describing the protest of
independence movement in Egypt
Declaration to Egypt by His Britannic Majesty's Government (28. 2. 1922)

"The British Protectorate over Egypt is terminated, and
Egypt is declared to be an independent sovereign State."
The following principles are hereby declared:
1. The British Protectorate over Egypt is terminated, and
Egypt is declared to be an independent sovereign State.
2. So soon as the Government of His Highness shall pass an Act of Indemnity with application to all inhabitants of Egypt, martial law as proclaimed on the 2nd November, 1914, shall be withdrawn.

3. The following matters are absolutely reserved to the discretion of His Majesty's Government until such time as it may be possible by free discussion and friendly accommodation on both sides to conclude agreements in regard thereto between His Majesty's Government and the Government of Egypt:
(a) The security of the communications of the British Empire in Egypt;
(b) The defense of Egypt against all foreign aggression or interference, direct or indirect;
(c) The protection of foreign interests in Egypt and the protection of minorities;
(d) The Soudan.
Pending the conclusion of such agreements, status quo in all these matters shall remain intact.

Declaration to Egypt by His Britannic Majesty's Government (28. 2. 1922)

Declaration to Egypt by His Britannic Majesty's Government (28. 2. 1922)

7/23
Free officers

RCC
(Revolutionary Command Council)

1st President대통령
Muhammad Naguib

2nd President
Gamal Abdel Nasser

1919 Egypt Revolution
1953 Egypt Revolution
2011 Egypt Revolution

-Things about Egypt
-Cases of Egypt Revolution

The background of Egypt Revolution
Political problem

Economical problem
Political problem
Economical problem
30 years of emergency rule
by Mubarak
Emergency rule?
No political rights
No free election
Extended police power
Prohibition on political activities
Rotation of same people on the government position
Brutal police activity
Corrupted Government
Under the Emergency rule!
Political problem
1. Increasing poverty and Economic inequality
2. Over-population and High unemployment

Economical problem
1. Economic inequality
The background of 1919 revolution
Trigger
Exile

Saad Zaghloul
(one of representatives,
Wafd)

->
Result of 1919 Revolution
Result of 1919 Revolution
Result of 1919 Revolution
->

Became prime minister
The background of 1953 Revolution
Corrupted King
Exile
King Faruq
No political rights
No free election
Extended police power
->
Why?
30 years of Neo-liberal policy
Measures from Neo-Liberal policy
Labor market reform
- flexible labor policy
Land reform
- rapid urbanization by foreign capital
Public sector reform
- Privatization of public institutions
- Cut the public spending on social welfare
40% population below $2 per day
vs
top 100 families own 90% wealth
Results of Open-door policy
Labor market reform Increasing laid off, wage cut
Land reform -> Increase in Poor, unemployed people in the cities
Public sector reform Welfare deterioration,
Public sector sale to small capitalists


Special benefit for high-classes & Foreign Capital
Economic inequality got deepen
Economical problem
2. overpopulation and high-unemployment
Population grew by 90%
2/3 are under 30
Unemployment problem
- each year 700,000 new graduates chase 200,000 new jobs

90% of unemployed in Egypt are youth
-> The lack of future job prospects
-> Egypt's youth are the faces behind the revolution.

Economy was growing well
Gini index 1990-2005
Political problem
+
Economical Problem


Frustration -> Anger -> Revolution

The background of Egypt Revolution
->
Problem is Economic inequality
Meanings of Egypt Revolution
Conclusion

Meanings of 2011 Revolution

After that?

power of
the people

People realized
their power

Use of New Media
After the revolution
The Military
“SCAF”

Mubarak
2012 June
Mohamed Morsy got elected by people
B u t ,,,


Islamic Fundamentalism
Accumulating his Power
Suppression of the FREE PRESS
No sign of Economic Recovery

No sign of Economic recovery
$2 a day
14%
17%
2013 July
Morsy got Expelled by the military
True Democracy ?
Power of the people
SNS
all-class revolution. -> Independence
The process of Egypt Revolution
triggers
1. Death of Khaled Saeed
2. Tunisian Revolution
military-oriented. + support of citizen. -> Republic
Tunisian Revolution

Trigger 1
Trigger 2
Development of Revolution
Factor 1
Consistent efforts on revolution
Factor 2
SNS
Factor 3
Government's lack of legitimacy

Death of Khaled Saeed
18 Dec 2010 - Jan 2011
18 Dec 2010 - Jan 2011
25 Jan 2011
25, Jan
11, Feb
2, Feb
28, Jan
25, Jan - Day of Revolt
28, Jan - Friday of Anger
2, Feb - Incident of the camel
11, Feb - Friday of departure
Success of Revolution
Consistent efforts on revolution
SNS
Govt's
lack of legitimacy
Muslim brotherhood
Economic inequality
Political oppression
Tunisian Revolution
???
Full transcript