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not ush apparently

Ari lol jk

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of Buddhism

Amy Chen, Arianna Deng,
Cindy Chen, Sunny Weng

Holy Buildings
Holy Text
Connections to Other Religions
Holy Buildings and Locations
Holy Buildings:

Lumbini Grove (the place of enlightenment)
Bodh Gaya (place of his first sermon)
Kusinara (the place where Buddha died)
Dharamsala, India (Tibet's home)

Thank you!
Connections to Hinduism
Buddhism originated from Hinduism (Founder, Guatum Buddha, was Hindu)

Similar Beliefs in Hinduism and Buddhism

- Buddhism believes that one's reincarnation is based on the deeds of their present life. Hinduism believes that everyone is a part of an impersonal world and therefore, so one's soul reincarnates into another body of any being, based on the deeds of the present life.

- In Buddhism, one has to work for salvation by themselves and can't blame others for doing the same. The salvation depends on the good deeds of a person. In Hinduism, one also attains salvation as per one's own fate and deeds.

Sacred Texts:http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/texts.htm
Siddhartha Shakyamuni
A royal prince from Lumbini, Nepal in 624 BC.
At age 29, he retired to the forests where he followed a spiritual life of meditation
Connections to Hinduism (continued)
Similar Beliefs in Buddhism and Hinduism

- There are many paths to attain enlightenment, such as overcoming through your feelings and desires and controlling over the six conscious senses.

- Excessive attachment to things and people in the physical world causes pain and suffering so we must free from our worldly desires.

- Yoga and meditation help one to concentrate on the truth of life, and helps one down the path of enlightenment and liberation
Originally in northern India, now a part of Nepal.

Lumbini, Nepal
Founded by Buddha Shakayumi.
Buddhism originated in Lumbini from Hinduism in the 6th century, B.C.E.
Read more: http://www.aboutbuddhism.org/history-of-buddhism.htm/
Holy Buildings

-Buddhist Temple
- A stone structure built over what are thought to be relics
of the Buddha, or over copies of the Buddha’s teachings.


-Derives from that of the stupa
-These structures symbolized sacred
mountains, and they were used to house
relics or remains of saints and kings

Connections to Other Religions
Buddhism has connections and similarities to three major religions:
Connections to Christianity
Similar Beliefs in Buddhism and Christianity
- Both Lord Buddha and Jesus Christ based their ethics on the 'golden rule', which was for the welfare of human beings.

- Buddhism worship includes monasticism (monkhood), ringing of bells, bowing, use of incense and rosary, erection of towers or stupas, prayers and meditation. Christians follow almost the same form of worship - Monasticism, Confession, the cult of images, ringing of bells, use of rosary and incense and the erection of towers.

- Both emphasize on loving everybody, no matter whether the being is a friend or an enemy.

Connections to Islam
Similar Beliefs in Buddhism and Islam
- In Buddhism, eternal life depends upon the karma or the deeds of the present life. In Islam, eternal life also depends on the works of the present life, but is only for those who follow the Islamic path whole heartedly.

- They both believe that the universe is separate from God and has been created by Him.

- Humanity and love for all beings is very important.

- No idol worship allowed

- All humans are equal, so the system of castes is evil.
Written by a Tibetan monk
Describes in detail of the stages of death, but from Tibetan point of view
While dying
At the moment of death
During the interval between death and rebirth
At rebirth
Tibetan Book of the Dead
Holy Texts
The Four Noble Truths
The Noble Eightfold Path
Tripitaka (Pali Canon)
Mahayama Sutras
Tibetan Book of the Dead

It revers the Tripitaka as a sacred text
Adds to the Sutras which reflect Mahayana concepts
Written between 200BCE and 200CE (the period in which Mahayana Buddhism developed)

Mahayana Sutras
Also known as
Pali Canon
which was the language it was written in.

Only text recognized as canonical by Theravada Buddhists
"Tripikata" means "three baskets."
Triple Robe (Tricivara)
-inner garment or
waistcloth (Antaravasaka)
-Upper Robe (uttarsanga)
-Outer Robe Sanghati

Fivefold Robe (Woman)
-The triple robes and a vest or a bodice (Samkacchika)
-Bathing Cloth (Udakasatika)

The Four Noble Truths
Buddhist New Year
Magha Puja Day and Sangha Day
Dharma Day
Parinirvana Day

- Full moon in March.
- Buddha gave his disciples a message
-called the "Ovadha Patimokha,"

Buddhists celebrate by
arranging their homes for prayer
studying the Ovadha Patimokha
going to temple
have a procession with candles
Magha Puja Day and Sangha Day
Also caled "Losar."
3 days after the first full moon of April
Lasts for three days
-1st day:Tibetans celebrate with their families.
-2nd+3rd: Celebrate with friends.
Decorate the monasteries
perform offerings and cleansing.
-Includes rituals to get rid of evil spirits.
People clean the buildings in their towns
wear new clothing and prepare feasts.
Buddhist New Year
-Full moon in May, the most important Buddhist holiday.
-Celebrated to commemorate the death and birth of Buddha
-Remember how the Buddha became enlightened. -Also an opportunity for Buddhists to try to gain their own enlightenment.

People celebrate by cleaning and decorating their houses.
Go to the temple to worship and bring flowers, candles and food to the monks.
Pour water on the statue of Buddha to remind them to purify their minds of selfishness and maliciousness.
Offer gifts to the Buddha out of admiration for Buddha and Buddhism.
Food offered is often vegetarian
Wesak (continued)
Essence of Buddha's teachings
Principles that came to Buddha whilst meditating
1. The truth of suffering
2. The truth of the origin of suffering
3. The truth of cessation of suffering
4. The truth of path to the cessation of suffering
The Dalai Lama
The title "Dalai Lama" is given to a high lama in the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism
originally it was given to the first Dalai Lama, who then passed the title down to his predecessors.
now, the title is given to a young child who is born after a Dalai Lama dies.
Burial Rites
No single funeral service or ritual common to all Buddhists.
Ideal death takes place in calm, peaceful atmosphere.
Some have a teacher, monk or member of the Buddhist community support the dying with chants during and after they die.
There may be requests for the body to remain undisturbed for a period before being moved.
According to some traditions, there should be an interval of at least 3 1/2 days before the body is subject to autopsy, or cremation. If possible, the body should not be embalmed

The Noble Eightfold Path
1. Complete or Perfect Vision
2. Perfected Emotions or Aspiration
3. Perfected or whole Speech
4. Integral Action
5. Proper Livelihood
6. Complete or Full Effort
7. Complete or Thorough Awareness
8. Full, Integral, or Holistic Samadhi (meditation)
Actively meditating and chanting
-recite the Nembutsu

Maintain a home altar
-Include an image of the Buddha
-candles, flowers, incense
-small bowl for a water offering.

Practicing the Eightfold Path
-wisdom, ethical conduct and mental discipline
Prayers and Requirements
The path helps remove conditioned responses that obscure your true nature
Gender Roles
-No killing of any sentient being
- No animal products
-Alcohol and other intoxicants are forbidden

-Onions, Garlic, Scallions, Chives and Leeks,
"the five pungent spices"
-lead to anger (raw) and passion (cooked)

-Strict adherence to vegetarianism
-rule for priests, monks, nuns
-feel they are on the Bodhisattva path
Opinions about gender vary in Buddhism.
The Lotus Sutra teaches that all living beings cabe enlightened. If there are men who deny women enlightenment, they are denying the possibility of their own attainment of Buddhahood.
The Larger Sukhavati-vyuha Sutra (the Aparimitayur Sutra), one of three sutras that provide the doctrinal basis of the Pure Land school, has a passage usually interpreted to mean that women must be reborn as men before they can enter Nirvana.
Read more: http://www.thebuddhistsociety.org/resources/buddhist-funerals/
Our past actions will affect us either positively or negatively
Our present actions will affect us in our next life
read more: http://www.buddhanet.net/masters/dalai.htm
Read more: http://www.sgi.org/sgi-president/writings-by-sgi-president-ikeda/a-grand-declaration-of-gender-equality.html
Read more on: http://www.pamf.org/preteen/share/celebrations/buddhist.html
Full transcript