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The ABC's of Islam

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Sarah Chatta

on 31 May 2011

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Transcript of The ABC's of Islam

The ABC's of Islam A is for Allah B is for Buraq C is for Caliphs D is for Day of Judgement E is for Eid-ul-Fitr F is for Five Pillars H is for Hajj I is for Imam J is for Jamaraat K is for Kaaba L is for Labbayka Labbayka, "I am your service" M is for Muhammad N is for Night Journey O is for Oness of God P is for Prayer Q is for Qur'an R is for Resurrection S is for Sunni T is for Trench, The Battle of Trench U is for Uhud V is for Veil W is for Wahhabi X is for Malcom X Y is for Yathrib Z is for Zakat G is for The Angel Gabriel In the monotheistic religion of Islam, Allah is equivalent to God. At the core of the religion, a humble submission to Allah is pivotal. Allah is the only creator and takes no specific form. In Islam, there is great stress on the belief that no other deity exists, or should be worshipped like Allah. In one of the chapters of the Qur’an, an Al-Buraq, a mythlogical steed, carried the Islamic prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Jerusalem and back. This Journey was called the “Night Journey”, and in it Al-Buraq is described to have come directly from the heavens to transport the prophets. A Caliph is the head of state and title for the ruler of an Islamic community ruled by the Shari’ah. In Sunni Islam, The Rightly Guided Caliphs or The Righteous Caliphs is a term referring to the first four Caliphs who ruled after the death of Muhammad. They are, Abu Bakr, Umar ibn al-Khattab, Uthman ibn Affan and Ali ibn Abi Talib. All four are regarded very highly in Islam. In Islam, there is believed to be a “Day of Judgment”, where Allah will have his final assessment of humanity. The most commonly held belief is that there will be an annihilation of all creatures, resurrection of the body, and the judgment of all sentient creatures. Often abbreviated as Eid, Eid ul- Fitr is a three day holiday that marks the end of Ramadan. Ramadan is the holy month of fasting in Islamic tradition. Eid is an Arabic word meaning “festivity”, and Fitr means “conclusion of the fast”. Ramadan is in fact so significant it is one of the five pillars of Islam, and the breaking of the fast is therefore also very significant. The Five Pillars of Islam include:-The Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad-Prayer done 5 times a day, every day-Great concern afforded to almsgiving to the needy-Self-purification through fasting (during Ramadan)-The sacred pilgrimage to Mecca These are the most basic foundations of Islam The Angel Gabriel was the medium through whom god revealed the Qur’an to Muhammad. The Qur’an is the holy book and most sacred text of the Islamic people. The Hajj is the fifth pillar, and the largest pilgrimage in the world to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The Hajj is most closely associated with the life of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is considered by many Muslim peoples a way to link back thousands of years ago to the time of Abraham. Imams are leaders, often the worship leaders of a mosque in an Islamic community. They are very similar to spiritual leaders, leading worship services. The Imam is the person one seeks to answer religious questions and could even be so much as a leader of the entire Islamic community itself. The Jamaraat is symbolic of the stoning of the devil. It is a significant part of the Hajj pilgrimage where Muslims fling pebbles at three walls called Jamaraat in the city of Mina, just east of Mecca. The Kaaba is a cube shaped building in Mecca. It is the most sacred site in Islam. The Qur’an itself states that Abraham and his son Ishmael constructed the Kaaba, after Ishmael had settled in Arabia. All Muslims around the world face the Kaaba during prayers, no matter where they are. This verbal formula is frequently repeated during the rituals connected with the Hajj. It’s meaning is “I am your service!” and refers to Allah. Muhammad was the founder of Islam and is considered to be, by many Muslims, the messenger and prophet of Allah himself. He was the last law-bearer in a series of Islamic prophets, and, believed to be by most Muslims, the last prophet of Allah as taught by the Qur’an. The Night Journey was one of the prophet Muhammad, from the Holy Mosque in Mecca to the farthest mosque in Jerusalem and was a miracle granted to him by Allah. It was the first part of a night thought to be of wonder and amazement, which culminated in Muhammad’s ascension through the heavens and into the presence of Allah. The idea of oneness of God, Allah, in Islam is an all encompassing idea. It includes their basic monotheistic ideals but also the substance at the very heart of their spiritual experience. Allah is the almighty creator and sustainer of the universe. Allah is an everlasting refuge that is in the form of nothing and equal to nothing and no one. “God is the creator of everything. He is the guardian over everything. Unto Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth” (39:62-63). Another of the five pillars, prayer represents a huge part of the Islamic religion. Muslims pray five times each day and the timings are spread out evenlythroughout the day, so that a Muslim is constantly reminded of God and given sufficient opportunities to seek forgiveness and guidance from Him. The Qur’an is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of god. They consider it the final divine revelation—Final Testament. Muslims believe that the Qur’an was verbally revealed through the angel Gabriel from God to Muhammad gradually over a period of approximately twenty-three years. A central doctrine of the Qur’an is the Last Day, on which the world will be destroyed and Allah will raise all people from the dead to be judged (As previously addressed). One’s eternal destination depends on balance of good and bad deeds in life, which are monitored carefully during the person’s life by separate angels. According to their good or bad deeds, people are either granted admission to Paradise, where they will enjoy spiritual and physical pleasures forever, or condemned to Hell to suffer spiritual and physical torment for eternity. Sunnis make up 85% of all Muslim people as the largest branch of Muslim in the world. Sunni Islam is referred to as the orthodox version of the religion. The word “Sunni” comes from the term Sunnah which refers to the sayings and actions of Muhammad recorded in hadiths, (collections of narratives regarding Muhammad). The Battle of Trench was a fortnight-long siege of Yathrib (now Medina) by Arab and Jewish Tribes. The Battle of Uhud was fought at the valley located in front of Mount Uhud, in what is now northwestern Arabia. It occurred between a force fromt eh Muslim community of Medina led by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and a force by Abu Sufyan ibn Harb from Mecca. The small Muslim army defeated the much larger Meccan army. Veils or hijabs are very divided subjects in the Muslim community. Some argue that there are clear rulings of Sharia on the subject while others, claim that the order for women to cover all but their faces and hands is not found in Islam. There are many views but the veils primary purpose in the Islamic religion is supposed to be a sign of honor to an object or space. Wahhabism is a religious movement or branch of Islam. It was developed by an 18th century Muslim theologian in Saudi Arabia who advocated purging Islam of “impurities”. Wahhabism is the dominant form of Islam in Saudi Arabia. Malcom X was a practitioner in Islam. He believed Chrisitianity was the white man’s religion and Islam was closer to African roots and Identity. In 622, Muhammad was warned of a plot to assassinate him and secretly slipped out of Mecca. Muhammad and his followers then emigrated to the city of Yathrib just north of Mecca. Yathrib was soon renamed Madinaat un-Nabi, literally “the City of the Prophet” Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam. The word means almsgivings to the needy The End
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