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Factors Influencing on Language Variation

Socioeconomic, Age, Gender and Ethnic Variations

Carlos Corella

on 18 September 2012

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Transcript of Factors Influencing on Language Variation

Factor Influencing Variation: Social Factors Social Influences in language Variation Socioeconomic Variation Socioeconomic status may be associated with particular levels or types of education. People often want to be associated with a particular economic group. William Labov Department Store Study Age Variation “Degradation” or profanation of language. Recent changes:
-The word hopefully
-The use of high-rising intonation
-The use of like as an interjection
-The introduction of new words
-The loss of older words. Younger speakers use the new variants to a much higher degree than older speakers do. They sound differently. Speakers of a particular age will use a specific linguistic form in successive generation. Gender Variation •A softball team
•Family sharing a meal. •Participants in a linguistic classroom 1 .Gender variation
Male Vs. female
3. Female speech like that of the middle class and male speech like that of the working class.
Example: running/ /
2. Stereotypes
Example: Malagasy culture
(Public speech)
4. Social roles than men and women play.

5. Communities of Practice. Pronunciations, words, and constructions
It influences how the group speaks the standard language variety of a country or region they live in.
To associate or distance
Not predestined but determined Ethnic Variation Dialect of American English
Origins traced to West Africans (slaves)
Many of their features come from southern dialects Absence of the third-person singular inflectional suffix –s: Third or second generation of Mexican descent in USA I seen Ramon talking to Sally in her yard. (participle)
I ask myself what would I do without Lucy ‘s help. (question inversion)
To talk about myself; it’s easy for me. (topicalizacion)
African-American English (AAE) Morphosyntacticprocesses: The use of habitual be: heneed to get a book from the shelf Copula absence The coffebe cold. (AAE)
The coffeis always cold. (SAE) John going to the store. Chicano English Ethnic dialect in the USA Different from Spanish(Spanish and English switch code)
oImmigrations from Mexico Latino and Hispanic cultural heritage and identity(emblematic language use) Most of its speakers are native speakers of English Morphosyntactically: Use of taboo Spanish words and slang (toughness, street savvy) Lexical Variation: Abuelo-----grandfather Andale---- someone should move more quickly
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