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Amending the Constitution

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on 10 March 2016

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Transcript of Amending the Constitution

Amending the Constitution
The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.
The Congress
shall propose amendments to this Constitution or
the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments
Amending the Constitution
The process for amending the U.S. Constitution is outlined in Article V.
There are two different stages to the Amendment Process
Stage 1:
Stage 2:
Stage 1: Proposing an Amendment
There are two different ways an Amendment can be proposed:
By Congress
By National Convention
2/3rds of the state legislatures request a national convention
A 2/3rds vote in both the House of Representatives and in the Senate
Stage 2: Ratifying an Amendment
There are two different ways an Amendment can be ratified:
National Convention
2/3rd of the state legislatures request a national convention
By State Legislature
An Amendment can be ratified if it is approved by 3/4 of the state legislatures
An amendment can be ratified if it is accepted by conventions in 3/4th of the states
What are they?
How many are there?
What are the categories?
Possible Routes for Ratification
All but one amendment has
been ratified this way
- 21st Amendment
The Numbers
Thousands of Amendments have been introduced
33 Amendments have been Proposed
27 Amendments have been ratified
The Framers designed the Constitution so that it would be difficult to Amend
Connections to Principles
Federalism - amendments go through federal and state level governments
Popular Sovereignty - only the legislative branch is involved; peoples voice heard directly in the conventions - can propose and ratify amendments
Separation of Powers - Congress is the only branch that is involved in the process of amending the Constitution
Video on Amending the Constitution
By State Convention
Only the 21st Amendment passed this way
How were they created?
1893: Rename the country ‘The United States of Earth’

Amendments that never made
it past introduction
1938: Ban drunkenness in the US & its territories
1933: Limit personal wealth to $1 million
1916: Put acts of war to a national vote with those voting in the affirmative being required to enlist
1914: Ban divorce
1912: Forbid interracial marriage
Full transcript