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Manifest destiny timeline project

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on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Manifest destiny timeline project

Manifest destiny timeline project
-Yufei Guo

Trail of Tears-1832
At the beginning of the 1830s, nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida--land their ancestors had occupied and cultivated for generations. By the end of the decade, very few natives remained anywhere in the southeastern United States. Working on behalf of white settlers who wanted to grow cotton on the Indians’ land, the federal government forced them to leave their homelands and walk thousands of miles to a specially designated “Indian territory” across the Mississippi River. This difficult and sometimes deadly journey is known as the Trail of Tears.
Mexican American War-April 25, 1846-February 2, 1848

This war was an armed conflict between the US and Mexico the wake of the 1845 US annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory despite the 1836 Texas Revolution.

Ostend Manifesto-1854

Was a document written in 1854 which described the rationale for the United States to purchase Cuba from Spain while implying that the US should declare war if Spain refused.

Louisiana Purchase-1803
It was the acquisition by the United States of America in 1803 of 828,000 square miles of France’s claim to the territory of Louisiana. The US paid 50 million francs plus cancellation of debts worth 18 million francs, for a total sum of 15million dollars for the Louisiana territory.
Indian Removal Act-1830
It was signed into law by Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the United States government. Approximately 4,000 Cherokees died on this forced march, which became known as the "Trail of Tears."
Monroe Doctrine-1823

The Monroe Doctrine was a policy of the US introduced on December 2, 1823. It stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring US intervention.

Erie Canal-construction
began: July 4, 1817;
first use: May 17,1821;
Date completed: October 26,1825

The Alamo-1836
This battle was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna launched an assault on the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar. All of the Texian defenders were killed. Buoyed by a desire for revenge, the Texians defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, ending the revolution.
Texas Annexation-1845
This event quickly led to the Mexican American War because the inherited Texas’ border dispute with Mexico. The resulting dispute among Texas, the federal government, and New Mexico Territory was resolved in the Compromise of1850, when much of these lands became parts of other territories of the US in exchange for the US federal government assuming the Texas Republic’s $10 million in debt.

The Oregon Trail is a 2,000-mile historic east –west large wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon. The eastern part of the Oregon Trail spanned part of the future state of Kansas and nearly all of what are now the states of Nebraska and Wyoming.

Texas Independence- March 2, 1836
The Texas Declaration of Independence was produced, literally, overnight. Its urgency was paramount, because while it was being prepared, the Alamo in San Antonio was under seige by Santa Anna's army of Mexico. The Texas Revolution began in 1835 when the Americans thwarted the attempts of Mexican soldiers. On March 2, 1836, Texas declared its independence from Mexico.
Oregon Trail-1842
Wilmot Proviso-1846

Amendment to a bill put before the US House of Representatives during the Mexican War. One of the major events was leading to the American Civil War, would have banned slavery in any territory.

California Becomes a State-1848

California became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence, but late be ceded to the US in 1848 after the Mexican –American War.

California Gold Rush-1848-1855

California Gold Rush began on January 24, 1848 when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter’s Mill in Coloma, California. It was one of the most significant events to shape American history during the first half of the 19th century. People traveled oversea to California and by the end of 1849, the non-native population of the California territory was some 100,000. A total of $2 billion worth of precious metal was extracted from the area during the Gold Rush, which peaked in 1852.

Compromise of 1850

A package of five bills passed in the US in September 1850, which defused a 4 year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848)

Gadsden Purchase-1853

29670-square-mile (76,800 km2) region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that was purchased by the United States in a treaty signed by James Gadsden, the American ambassador to Mexico at the time, on December 30, 1853.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo-1846-1848

It’s the peace treaty signed in Guadalupe Hidalgo between the US and Mexico that ended the Mexican –American War.

The Erie Canal is a canal in New York that originally ran about 363 miles (584 km) from Albany, New York, on the Hudson River to Buffalo, New York, at Lake Erie, at the time completing a navigable water route from New York City and the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes.
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