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Senator Joseph McCarthy and the Red Scare

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by

Keauna Caine

on 11 December 2012

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Transcript of Senator Joseph McCarthy and the Red Scare

By Sami, Devon, and Keauna. Joseph McCarthy McCarthyism and the Red Scare! McCarthyism was created throughout the 1940's and 1950's as the threat of communism expanded. Senator Joseph McCarthy accused more than 200 people in the United States government of being involved in the communist community. Joseph McCarthy, Wisconsin Senator was put in charge of government committee on government operations.
This lead to more than 2000 government workers losing their jobs. Senator Joseph McCarthy Born November 14th 1908
Died May 2nd 1957
Elected to the Senate in 1946
February 9th he gave the Lincoln day address
He blamed communism for the failures of American foreign policy.
McCarthys charges were investigated and were found as fraud and a hoax. Communism Communism is a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. The Red Scare! Perceived threat posed by Communist in the U.S became known as the Red Scare.
Communist were ofter referred to as "Reds" for their alliance to the Red Soviet flag.
Federal employees were investigated to see if they were loyal to the United States government and the House Un-American Activities Committee. The Fall of Joseph McCarthy! When the hearings were over McCarthy had lost most of its allies.
The Senate voted to condemn him and he kept his job but lost his power.
Senator Joesph McCarthy died on May 2nd 1957 at the age of 48 from hepatitis caused by alcoholism. During the red scare not only government officials, but many famous people were accused of being communists some were..... In February of 1950, Senator Joe McCarthy embarked on a five-city tour. His first engagement was to speak for the West Virginia Republican Women's Club at Wheeling. In his speech to the organization, McCarthy said,
"I have in my hand a list of 205 a list of names that were made known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who, nevertheless, are still working and shaping policy in the State Department!" The Beginning! Accusations John Howard lawson
Adrian Scott
Herbert Biberman
Alvah Bessie
Dalton Trumbo
Ring lardner jr.
Albert Maltz
Lester Cole
Samuel Ornitz
Edward Dmytryk They all were sentenced to one year in federal prison! "HollyWood Ten" Accomplices! Joseph McCarthy could not have persecuted so many individuals without the help of his staff members and supporters. Some of the key players in McCarthy's aggressive witch-hunting campaigns were Senator Pat Mcarran, Roy Cohn and Alfred Kohlberg. Alfred Kohlberg was a former FBI agent, Kohlberg was another anti-Communist who accused the State Department of downplaying the communist threat in China. Patrick McCarran was senator of Nevada, he made many investigations that added credibility to McCarthy's anticommunist persecutions. Roy Cohn was Senator McCarthy's key aide, cohn played a prominent role in the trial that sent Ethel and Julius Rosenberg to the electric chair in 1951. McCarthy accused over 205 people! State Department security investigations had resulted in "recommendation against permanent employment" for 284 persons, and that 79 of these had been removed from their jobs; this left 205 still on the State Department's payroll. The Aftermath of McCarthyism Many peoples careers were destroyed. College professors could return back to work at colleges but teachers could not. Many Government officials lost their jobs and were not asked back . Many American relationships were destroyed and people felt that they could not trust their country. Herblock March 29, 1950 cartoon that originally defined McCarthyism.
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