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Unit #2 Culture - Sociology
Transcript of Unit #2 Culture - Sociology
Diverse Perspective in Human Behavior
What is done in a culture?
Daily procedures, every day life.
"Culture is what makes you a stranger when you are away from home" Philip Bock
"Culture is what makes us 'us' and them 'them'
"Culture is the complex, integrated coping mechanism in all of us" Charles Kraft
"Culture is learned patterns of behavior' Ruth Benedict
Different definitions of culture:
Societal Norms: Shared rules and guidelines for appropriate behavior in multiple situations found within the culture. This is what you 'ought' to do.
The Meaning of a Kiss
Culture: The total way of life
in a society. Culture is all of the shared products of a society
What is good or best?
What is rewarded? What do parents try to teach their kids?
What is true? What do people believe?
What is real?
VALUES AND CODES
BELIEFS AND IDEOLOGIES
WORLDVIEWS AND PERSPECTIVES
Unit #3 Vocabulary Words:
Know these so when we discuss the next couple of articles you can USE these words accurately.
Remember I always encourage using your own words for definition (placing your own meaning on them) BUT be careful to fully define them.
Assumptions made by
sociologists about culture:
1. Our personalities and social behavior are deeply influenced by our culture.
2. Non-Cultured humans do not exist and have never existed.
3. We create culture for our own survival.
4. Culture therefore was created and has evolved over hundreds of thousands of years.
5. We are different from animals because of the culture we create.
6. Our culture is a product of our environment, we used it to adapt to our environment and it is passed down through generations.
Homework: Chapters from the Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell
Ethnicity of Plane Crashes
Define and explain with a partner. Give specific examples of how this influence human behavior.
Scales of Individualism and Collectivism
Material Culture: Observable
Non-Material Culture: Not Observable
Few mistakes are made here, this is the cute stuff that makes us different.
This is more serious, we make mistakes and offend people often here. This is the stuff of wars and conflict, hatred and prejudice, misunderstandings and offense.
1. Emergent Process
2. A Learned Behavior
3. A Channel of Human Behavior
4. Maintains Boundaries
6 Types of Shared Knowledge (defined culture)
1. Symbols: signs or mannerism that
evoke similar meaning between large
and small groups of people within a culture.
2. Ideologies: Beliefs or ideas about the physical or metaphysical world shared by a culture. Theories on how to explain the unexplainable or about how to maintain order or disperse resources.
3. Technology: Tools or the knowledge on how to use the tools within a culture. Or the knowledge on how to navigate through a culture
5. Values: Large scale measurements of what is seen as good or bad within a culture. These are reinforced through conformity, propaganda and all social forces.
4. Roles: Pre-assigned social positions based on tradition (values and ideologies combine to make these roles) according to gender, race, age, or social status.
6. Societal Norms: Folkways, Mores and Taboo
1. Folkway: Ordinary daily behavior, actions of everyday life in the culture. Conformity is expected but not required - you will just be an 'eccentric"
2. More: Strong norm that is regarded as morally significant. Violations are considered serious and may be punished by the culture. These are necessary to maintain a decent society.
3. Taboo: Unthinkable violations of cultural values, extreme deviant behavior that result in banishment, lengthy prison or death.
Major Value System of the World
Progress and Future
Nuclear (Close) Family
Find examples of each in our culture while watching TV tonight.
Extended Family (large)
Middle Eastern and Islamic
Individual Self interest and Control
Intellect and study
Seeking Understanding of the World
Self-possession, constraint and control of emotions
Cultural Legacy: Create a working definition.
READ: Body ritual among the Nacriema
1. Highlight and note the material and non-material culture in the article.
2. Find and explain 2 examples of non-material culture that could lead to conflict if you tried to assimulate into the culture
2. Cultural geography
3. Culture hearth
7. Ethnic Pluralism
Project: Create a presentation of pictures that represent 8 of the 11 vocabulary words. Be prepared to present to class and explain why those pictures represent these vocabulary words.
The idea that culture is passed down from generation to generation;
The Kite Runner
Slum dog Millionaire
national geographic work
pick one article from the national geographic website. read the article then note examples of the 6 types of shared culture and knowledge in this culture.
what did we learn from this chapter?
Behaviors and Actions: What you can see
BEHAVIORS AND ACTIONS?
VALUES AND MORES
BELIEVES AND IDEOLOGIES