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Copy of Copy of hazardous waste in oman

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by

marwa saif

on 18 December 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of hazardous waste in oman

Hazardous Waste in Oman facts 1971 population - 654000
1 small hospital
no factories or industry at all
no sea ports
a few guest houses in the capital 2010 population - 2.9 milli
58 government hospital and 145 government health center
over 812 factories and 5 industrial estates
3 major sea ports and 3 more expected
more than 190 hotels and rest houses increase waste generation which lead to landfills what is hazardous waste ? development of waste production in muscat hazardous waste is a solid, gas, or liquid waste that is ignitable, corrosive, reactive or meets one or more criteria pertaining toxicity.

or
waste that present danger to environmental respecters used tyres healthcare waste electronic waste construction &
demolition waste landfills in Oman types of hazardous waste Industrial waste municipal solid waste 291942 tonnes (2001 ) 4 million 22753 tonnes (2008) 38519.60 tonnes (2008) 735341 tonnes (2009) Water pollution Air Pollution Soil pollution: Toxic gases spread to the surrounding air global warming
acid rain factories and ships toxic substances ( waste) seeping or thrown into the sea affects aquatic life not recyclable hazardous waste disposed of by burning or landfills change of ph of soil to acidic soils become not suitable for agriculture
desertification
soil erosion. the impact of
toxic waste waste generation and population in Oman landfills in Oman waste hierarchy management
the old
standards the new standards current standards in Oman how we can all solve the problem the government Reduce, reuse and recycle waste, waste minimization programs
Public Awareness Program to change mindset.
involve Private Sector to solve the problem together . Private Sector OESHCO COMPANY :
 .1Institulation framework.
 .2waste information system.
 .3waste management programe .
.4waste management solution in DUQM
.5 integrated waste management system for DHOFAR ENVIRONMENT public Recycling at Home
Creating Web pages contribute to spreading awareness about the problem:
(instagram : @nice_idea @afkarksa1 )
( facebook : @Waste Management etc )
Print and distribute publications in public places to raise awareness about the problem action plans 1012 future Development of institutional framework based on Cradle to grave concept.
Development of structures along with roles and responsibilities of organization.
Meetings with key stakeholders identified in the institutional framework 16 engineer landfills
 65 waste transfer station
4 waste treatment plants advantages of this method absorb large quantities of waste
inexpensive disadvantages of this method Contaminated and toxic gases seep to air through a gaps in the landfill site (like; CH4&CO2)
Water pollution when it rains, it carries with it organic and inorganic pollutant from landfill. advantages of this method -Reduce the volume of waste to 90%.
-does not cause pollution of groundwater.
-death of causing organisms illnesses.
-benefit from thermal energy (that result from combustion) to generate electricity. Incineration or Burning: disadvantages of this method - High financial cost for the establishment and maintenance
- remains resulting from the combustion process should be discarded
- can cause pollution of (air, water and soil) by acid rain advantages of this method minimize environmental pollution
maintaining of natural resources disadvantages of this method none
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