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Transcript of Ferdinand Magellan
1520: The fleet anchor for the winter at Puerto San Julian in Southern Argentina.
1520 September: A storm destroys the Santiago and a mutiny breaks out.
1520 October: Ferdinand Magellan and his crew resume their voyage on the remaining ships.
1520 November 21: Enters the straits which would be named The Strait of Magellan and becoming the first Europeans ever to sail across the Pacific Ocean.
1521 February 3: Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Equator.
1521 March 6: Magellan reached the Pacific island of Guam.
1521 March 16: Magellan Discovers the Philippines.
1521 April 27: Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives in a battle on the island of Mactan. (Only 110 of the original crew members remained so they abandoned one of the ships, the Conception. The Trinidad tried to return back to Spain the same way they had came but was forced to return to the Spice Islands where they were imprisoned by the Portuguese. The Victoria was the last remaining ship.)
1522 September 6: The Victoria reached Sanlucar de Barrameda in Spain with only 18 of the 251 survivors.
5 interesting facts about Magellan and his crew
1. On the voyage, the crew had to eat dead rats and sawdust to stay alive and not starve to death.
2. Magellan named the Pacific Ocean, "Mar Pacifico" in Portuguese meaning," Peaceful Sea."
3. Magellan’s expedition claimed to have encountered giants in South America.
4. His birth name was Fernão de Magalhães.
5. Ferdinand Magellan was inspired by the voyages of Christopher Columbus.
Magellan's Journal entries
1518: I am leaving my family and my home country and heading to Spain because my family will not agree to let me sail across the globe and sponsor my trip. So I am to meet with King Charles V and talk to him about sponsoring my voyage. I am so determined to be like my role-model Christopher Columbus! I hope very much the king of Spain agrees!
1520, November 21: I am so proud of myself!!!! For I am the first human to arrive at the Mar Pacifico (Which I named myself) and also discovered the Estrecho de Todos los Santos meaning Strait of the Saints! It is located at the southern tip of south America! Today, history was made! Right know my crew and I are floating in the middle of the Ocean, like yesterday, the day before that and the past year. The sea is beautiful for it looks like the sky and the water are connected it is so blue!
1521, April 27: Today, I am in a bad mood because I died. My 18 survivors are are on their way to Spain and I wish them a good life. I am writing from the HWQ also known as the Heavenly Writing Quarters where all the dead can write about their life but there is a good side to this because I was famous, I get a choice of what I get to do in heaven. For example, I chose a large, tropical styled mansion on a beautiful island called,"Hawaii." Another good thing is I get to see the future and right know I see Ms.Mcgeragle's class listening to Jack Wilcox reading.
A New Exploration
Ferdinand has been to Asia many times, but believed that there was another way to the Asian continent. He believed if you sailed west around the Americas, you would arrive at the east coast of Asia. Magellan believed strongly in the route across the Atlantic and Pacific. He attempted to persuade his family many times, but they kept denying and eventually Magellan went to King Charles V of Spain who agreed to sponsor the voyage around the world.
Starting the Voyage
In the September of 1519, Magellan set sail with 251 men and 5 ships under his control. The names of these 5 ships are the Trinidad, the Santiago, the Victoria, the Concepción, and the San Antonio. The ship that Magellan was on was the Trinidad.
1480: Ferdinand Magellan is born.
1505: Magellan joined the expedition of Francisco d'Almeida to India.
1512: Magellan took part in the Portuguese expedition to Morocco and was badly wounded in the leg.
1513: Magellan Requests permission from King Manuel of Portugal to sail to the Spice Islands in the Far East but is refused following the unfavourable reports from Morocco.
1518: Magellan leaves Portugal and goes to Spain.
1519 March 22: Magellan convinces King Charles V of Spain to support his voyage to the Spice Islands and the King promises Magellan one-fifth of the profits from the voyage to the Spice Islands.
1519: Spain provides five ships for the expedition: Magellan commands the Trinidad, Juan de Cartagena commands the San Antonio, Gaspar de Quesada commands the Conception, Luis de Mendoza commands the Victoria and Juan Serrano commands the Santiago.
1519 September 20: The fleet sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to South America and Rio de Janeiro and then they start to search for a passage to the Pacific Ocean.
I thank you for listening and hope you learned something!
Ferdinand Magellan was a very famous explorer and was the first person to sail around the globe. Ferdinand Magellan was born in 1480 into a rich and wealthy Portuguese family. He served as a page in the royal court, a child in attendance at court.