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Elements of Drama

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by

Jessie Crandall

on 30 June 2014

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Transcript of Elements of Drama

Elements of Drama
Drama:

a form of literature meant to be performed for an audience, either on stage or before camera.
Playwright:
one who writes plays
Script:
the written text of a play, movie, or broadcast
Characters
Like fiction, dramas have one or more characters.
Characterization is achieved through STEAL
Setting
Like fiction, the setting of a drama can be any time (past, present, or future) and an place.
Setting is revealed through
stage directions, dialogue, scenery, and props.

Scenery is usually left up to the director.
Plot
Like fiction, plot is based on the development and resolution of a
conflict
.
exposition
conflict introduced
rising action
climax
falling action
resolution
Theme
Like fiction, all dramas have at least one theme (life lesson)
These themes always relate to a wide audience.
Parts of the Script
List of Cast Members/Characters
Usually at the beginning of script
May/may not include a brief description of the characters
Dialogue
Majority of play is dialogue
Reveals plot and characterization
Appears next to characters names
Denotation & Connotation
Denotation:
Dictionary definition of the word
Ex: cheap – inexpensive; costing very little money
Connotation:
feelings associated with a word
Ex: cheap – negative; not good quality (VS. bargain – costing little money but good quality)

Stage Directions
Printed in italics
Often enclosed in (parentheses)

Tell actors 1) how to move and speak or 2) tell about the scenery and props
Can include suggestions for costume, lighting, or sound.
Stage directions are instructions for the director, performers, designers, and stage crew.
Acts & Scenes
Scene:
a unit of the play's action separated by setting
scenes change whenever setting (time or place) changes
Acts:
a group of scenes
most modern plays have two acts with an intermission in between
Audience
Audience:
the people the drama is being presented to (the listeners, readers, viewers)

When creating a play, everything must be catered to the audience.
Example: A play you create for your friends would be a different than a play you create for President Obama.

(speech, thoughts, effect on others, actions, looks)
Label "Script" at the top of 'The Big Lie'
Label the playwright's name
Think about STEAL for 'The Big Lie'
Imagine the scenery and props for 'The Big Lie
'
What is the conflict in 'The Big Lie'?
What type of conflict is it?
The air outside is refreshing.
The air outside is chilly.
Examples
freedom fighter
terrorist
Full transcript