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THE NORMS OF MORALITY ACCORDING TO SCHOLASTIC PHILOSOPHY AND TRADITIONAL ETHICS

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by

Princess Meyann Calonge

on 29 June 2016

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Transcript of THE NORMS OF MORALITY ACCORDING TO SCHOLASTIC PHILOSOPHY AND TRADITIONAL ETHICS

THE NORMS OF MORALITY ACCORDING TO SCHOLASTIC PHILOSOPHY AND TRADITIONAL ETHICS.
What is Ethics?
Ethics is not only concerned with the study of what is right or wrong in our human conduct. It also investigates how man ought to behave in a very concrete situation
The Norms of Morality According to the Scholastic Philosophy.
What is Morality ?
Quality of a thing manifesting its conformity or non-conformity with its norms or criteria.

norms are called
"Dictates of reason".

R. Gula definition of Morality
Criteria of judgment about the sort of persons we ought to be and the sort of actions we ought to perform.
Human Conduct Norms Ethical Principles,
Rules, among others (Informity or Non-conformity
Judgement (Moral or Immoral)

Norms of Morality
Conscience
Proximate norm of morality.
Antecedent Conscience
Judgment before an action is done
CAFP
COMMAND
ADVICE
FORBID
PERMIT
Consequent Conscience
Judgment after an act is done.
Effects
Inner Peace or Remorse
True Conscience
Judges things truly as they are.
Requisites:
Knowledge and sense of responsibility
Erroneous Conscience
False Conscience.
Effects:
Considers bad acts as good and good acts as bad.
Two Kinds
Invincible/Inculpable – agent is without fault or knowledge

Vincible/culpable – agent’s fault
Certain Conscience
Subjective certainty of the legality of particular actions to be done or to be omitted.
Doubtful Conscience
Person is not certain about a moral judgment.
Scrupulous Conscience
Sees wrong where there is none.
Lax Conscience
Fails to see wrong where there is wrong.
Natural Law
Remote norm of morality.
A knife is for cutting things into pieces.
Eternal Law
Ultimate norm of morality.
St. Thomas Aquinas
"The divine wisdom directing all actions and movements"
St. Augustine
"The divine reason or will of God commanding the natural order of things be preserved and forbidding that it be disturbed."
for Scholastic Philosophers
Eternal law is the only one criterion in evaluating the human act
BUSINESS APPLICATIONS
The 3 norms of morality must be able to guide our business decision making process.

Common sense directs that the dictates of reason should be enough to guide our evaluation of our actions
By:
Ms. Princess Meyann C. Ala
MBA-2
Full transcript