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School Counseling

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A,C,G,M HUM165

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of School Counseling

School Counseling
Middle Grade Counseling;
Why is it important?
Prepare individuals for adolescence and ultimately adulthood.
Provide support, guidance, and opportunities for healthy growth and positive change.
Important: Early adolescence is a time of rapid growth and change. Students experience unique challenges, both personally and developmentally, that have an impact on academic achievement.
Middle Grade Counseling Individual Student Planning
Goal setting/decision making
Academic planning
Career planning
Education in understanding of self, including strengths and weaknesses
Transition planning

Middle Grade Guidance Curriculum:

Academic Skills Support
Organizational, study, and test taking skills
Education in understanding self and others
Coping strategies
Peer relationships and effective social skills
Communication, problem solving, decision making, and conflict resolution
Career awareness, exploration, and planning
Substance abuse education
Multicultural/diversity awareness

Secondary School Counseling

What Does a school counselor do?
Middle Grade Students' Developmental Needs
Passage from childhood to adolescence
Need to explore a variety of interests
Connecting learning to its practical application in life and work
High levels of activity
Fatigue due to rapid growth
Search for their own identity
Begin to turn more frequently to peers and less to parents for approval and ideas. Rely on peers for comfort, understanding and affirmations
Sensitivity to comments by others.
BY: Agata, Chelsea, Gabi, & Maggie
Secondary school counselors fulfill many needs of the school, They take on many tasks within the school to help the students, faculty, and community
They provide direct counseling services
They provide educational and support services to parents
They facilitate referrals to outside agencies
They network to postsecondary schools and businesses
More roles of the school counselor
They offer consultation and in-service programs to teachers and staff
They advise students academically
They deliver classroom guidance
Preventive Services
Guidance counselors often adopt primary prevention techniques to employ within the school to improve educational conditions in classrooms as well as improving students decision making processes to help them make good choices outside of the classroom.
Primary Prevention Can Make a Difference
Primary prevention focuses on educating students directly about common risks, in order to make a difference in the choices students make. It can be very effective in preventing problems such as...
Substance abuse
Adolescent suicide and homicide
Prevention of HIV
Abusive relationships
Among other problems individuals in this age group may face.
Remediation: Another Function of the Counselor
The ASCA Model

(American School Counseling Association)

What is the ASCA? - A Framework for
School Counseling programs that outlines comprehensive school counseling programs. The ASCA National Model brings school counselors together with the same vison and goals which creates unity and focus toward improving student achievement.
ASCA Continued
Remediation and intervention programs are designed to help students with problems that are not amenable to prevention techniques. This includes mental disorders, developmental disorders, and other issues common to this age group such as depression, parental divorce, teenage parenting, and substance abuse. The counselor is responsible to function as...
an information retriever
a service coordinator
and an information administrator

21st Century Counseling
In current times, professional school counselors are the "front line mental health professionals for students and families" Thus the profession of school counseling has shifted since its beginning, the three major shifts that can be seen within the profession are...
from service for individuals, students, and families-to a focus on school wide concerns
from primary responsive service orientation-to school counseling partnerships that are proactive and developmental
from working primarily as individuals-to developing professional teams or "communities"
*Supports 3 Main Goals
- Academic achievement
- Career planning
- Personal and social development

Roles Supported by the ASCA
- Individual and group counseling
- Development of School awareness
- Communicate with Parent/Guardians
-Consult with teachers and other professionals
- Assist students with finding thier special skills
Appropriate and Inappropriate Counsling Responsibilities

- Registering new students

- Performing disciplinary actions

- Sending home student that are
not dressed according to school policy
-Maintaining student records

- Supervising study halls

-Counseling students with discipline problems
- Provide teachers with suggestions on study hall management
- Interpreting student records
-Assisting school principle with resolving student issues
Data Based Decision Making
* Data based decision making is when the school counselor uses institutional data about student performance and behavior to identify problems that need to be addressed.
***3 Step Process ***
*Collect institutional data to identify problems that need to be resolved.
* Use multidisciplinary evidence-based teams led by the school counselor to implement research based interventions
* Evaluate interventions used to assess their effectiveness
ASCA Supports.......
- Peer mentoring
- Developmental Counsling Therapy
-Play Therapy
- Remediation
-SWPBS Program

SWPBS Program
(School-wide positive behavior support)
5 basic components of the SWPBS
* a leadership team
* a brief overriding school-wide philosophy
*specific behavioral guidlines for each area of the school.
* Individual classroom guidelines
*Specific strategies for students who need extra attentiom
Comparison between new school culture and the old school culture.

- student driven
-learning new skills
- self-imposed discipline
-focus on problem solving
-cooperative, collaborative
-peer support
-children are empowered to
change and help others to

*New School*
**Old School**
- adult driven
- punishment
-extremely imposed discipline
-focus on problems
-peer isolation
-problems approached by adults using discipline, threats, paddle, and behavior modification
Elementary school counseling
A recent development, The first book on the subject was published in 1950
The development of elementary school counseling was slow for three reasons;1.many believed school teachers should serve as counselor 2. At the time counseling was focused on vocational development 3. Many didn't see the need for it
1964 congress passed the national defense education act which included elementary school children
The important roles of the counselors
Vanguard in the mental health movement at educational settings
Works with individuals on a preventive and developmental perspective
School counselors preform
implement effective classroom guidance
provide individual and small-group counseling
assist in identifying skills and abilities
develop career awareness
communicate and exchange info with parents and guardians
Inappropriate tasks ask of counselors
substitute teaching
monitoring lunchrooms or playgrounds
acting as school disciplinarian
acting as student records clerk
personal relationships
need to know
guidance of actions
An approach to help children grow and develop
Easier to handle difficulties during the
Activities and obligations
counselors are required to report suspicions or allegations of child abuse to a local agency
Most activities aren't legally mandated
Those include but are not limited to;
preventive and remedial activities
prevention is often preferred, due to psychological payoff

Four C's
counseling services
coordination of activities
consultation with others
curriculum development
Family counseling interventions
three primary subsystems:
the family
the school
subsystem formed by family
subsystem formed by school
Avoid assuming that student problems are a result of a dysfunctional family
Focus on addressing all subsystems
Bullying and prevention
Three components;
intent to harm
power imbalance

anti bullying efforts
- couselor serves as consultant
steering committee
- works as team to combat bullying
psychoeducational drama
-peer preformed, student experiences negative consequences of bullying
positive adult role models
systemically addressing negative influences
; parental discipline, negative peer models, lack of adult supervision, neighborhood safety
Preventive options
Responsive Services
Individual and small group counseling
Individual/family/school crises intervention
Peer facilitation

PACER's National Bullying Prevention Center
Middle Grade Counselors Collaborate With:
Parents: Parent information night
Academic planning programs
Parent and family education
One-on-one parent conferencing
Assessment results interpretation
Resource referrals
College/career exploration
Teachers: career portfolio development
Assisstance with students' academic plans
Classroom guidance
Academic support, learning style assessments
Classroom career speakers
At risk student identification and intervention
Parent communication/education
Students: Peer education
Peer support
Academic support
School climate
Leadership development
Administrators: School climate
Behavioral management plans
School-wide needs assessment
Student data and results
Student Assistance Team building
Community:Job shadowing/ service learning
Crisis interventions
Parenting classes
Support groups
Career education

System Support
Professional development
Consultation, collaboration, and teaming
Program management and operation
2006- PACER founded October as National Bullying Prevention month.
Parent Advocacy Coalition for Educational Rights

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