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NEW

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by

Alyssa Campbell

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of NEW

SPARTA ATHENS Was a militaristic state WORD BANK:

MILITARISTIC: a society that focuses on military
efforts and strength as their main source
of security

CITIZEN: a person who is a member of a state or country and is entitled to protection and privileges

FOREIGNER: a person from a different country

TEMPLE: a building used for religious ceremonies

COLUMN: a support pillar, usually made of stone
The state decided which babies were too weak
to be useful in their society and left them in the
wilderness to die Strong boys were taken from their home by the
time they were 7 to train for the military. They would
be taught discipline and physical strength, learn how
to use weapons and defend the state with their life. Healthy girls were educated and
trained to fight as well. The boys would live away from their families,training to be a Spartan warrior for 13 years. At age 20, a Spartan man was considered a skilled and fierce warrior. Once they became a Spartan warrior ,they continued to live
with other soldiers until they were 30 years old. Even if they
were married, Spartan men lived with other soldiers while their
wives and children remained at home. Finally, at age 60, Spartan warriors could live at
home with their family. As citizens of Sparta, women were free. They enjoyed power and
status that women from other parts of the world never knew of,
like owning property or holding a position of power. Women were viewed as important to Spartan society- they gave birth to strong Spartan warriors and were expected to be strong also Spartan women were responsible for raising
tough children and stayed at home while
the fathers were away. Was divided into classes Only those who were born in Sparta
were first class citizens
Foreigners or enemies who surrendered to
the Spartan army were second class citizens
and had no power Captured enemies made up the third class and they worked as slaves for the first class Spartans First class citizens could vote and
run for positions of power in the Spartan government. PERSIAN EMPIRE Only educated men whose parents were both born in Athens
were allowed to be citizens.
Only citizens who were at least 30 years old were
allowed to own property or be a part of the government A city of Art and architecture Citizens of Athens could always have an opinion
in goverment issues as part of the Assembly. A woman could only be a citizen if she was also born to Athenian parents
AND
married a man who was a citizen. The Assembly could decide to go to war, act as a court for politcal crimes, and elect officials Women were rarely educated or allowed to get
involved in government, instead they were taught
household work and would have her husband
chosen by her father A woman was not allowed to own property and
would become a slave if her husband and father
died before she had sons to take care of her. Slaves worked for Athenian families. They either did housework or else had a job and brought money home. They had no rights, but could be educated or learn a skill. The city of Athens is famous for its beautiful sculptures and buildings. The Parthenon was a
temple used to worship
the goddess Athena Buildings in Athens were surrounded
by amazing sculptures, many of
which still survive today. The Parthenon is very detailed, you have
to look close to see all the art... The Erechtheum is another beautifully
detailed Athens temple Look close to see the special columns
on this temple... Although much of their art involved women,
men and women were not treated equally in Athens
Full transcript