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Electronic Music since the 70's

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Katherine Hamblett

on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of Electronic Music since the 70's

By Katherine Hamblett
How has electronic music evolved since the 70’s?
Beach Boys used a theremin in 'Good Vibrations'
Electro & Techno

Used vocodors (for a robot voice), unconventional sounds (like car horns), tape loops, and synthesizers
Created disharmonious music
Four-on-the-floor bass drum, syncopated hi-hats and soulful vocals

Disco originated in Chicago in the Warehouse club where DJ Frankie Knuckles used samples and tape loops to create music

Disco was very popular for a short while

The Bee Gees and The Village People were successful bands during the disco era
MIDI was invented, changing the whole way electronic music was produced!
MIDI enabled every electronic musical equipment to work together
New Romantic &
Pure Pop
In the early/mid 80's pop world new wave sounds merged with synthpop to create a 'New Romantic' pop genre in the UK and US
Quite a few electronic bands in the 80's made the transition to synth pop music by heading in a more pop-orientated direction- using, synthesizers to create generic cheerful music
A keyboard which can recreate and produce sounds
Gary Newman...

From Tubeway Army- a punky band
Started using synthesizers and drum machines for a more electronic sound
The electronic genre is huge!- dubstep, trance, dance etc...
Nearly everything you hear on the radio now contains electronic elements
Originated from instruments such as the electric organ way back in 1955!
How and why did music become so full of electronic elements?...
This presentation will show you
Jazz, Soul & Funk
Artists used the synthesizers to create edgy and funky Futurist lo-fi sounds
Minimoog synthesizer created by Bob Moog changed everything because it was much smaller than the ones used previously!
It was first used on stage by progressive rock bands like Pink Floyd and Genesis
Herbie Hancock used a vocoder in his 'Sunlight'
When Disco was at its height and very popular, jazz, soul and funk artists added electronic elements to become more mainstream
MIDI was released into the public domain, making it possible for anybody with access to a computer and musical software to produce their own entire song
This sudden advancement of new technology led to a explosion of new and innovative electronic sub-genres
Depeche Mode and Human League are really well known for their upbeat 80's music and their cheesy lyrics
Synthpop combined with HiNRG (High energy music, very up-tempo) to create pop music with a much more dance-orientated sound.
Bands like Spandau Ballet began creating glam pop songs which used a combination of sped-up disco sounds and synth riffs
'Pure pop' was also hit in the UK- this genre was simple pop; up-tempo, feel-good songs which were easy to sing along to. Boy bands like Wham! defined this genre
House & Techno
This genre dramatically advanced due to the ability of MIDI to produce new sounds and long patterns (which previous technology didn't have enough memory to store) and also the cheapness and availability of equipment helped.
The Roland TB-303 (electronic bass machine) was created which was a fundamental piece of equipment!
The Roland TB-303 was used by loads of DJ's like Chicago DJ's Pierre, Spanky and Herb Jackon who produced 'Acid Trax'
The 90's saw in influx in loads of different electronic genres; dance, rave, hardcore, jungle, drum'n'bass, techno, trance, house, ambient, chill, trip-hop, industrial and so many more.
Technology was advancing quickly and the ability to completely experiment with music because of MIDI and computer software was allowing many new sounds to be incorporated into tracks.
Dance & Trance
Dance music exploded in the 90's as Europe took foundations of electronic dance from the USA and created groundbreaking hits and creative sub-genres.
Trance became a really popular genre of dance music in the 90's
Robert Miles released his dream-house track, 'Children' in 1996 which was a huge hit all across Europe, influencing many trance artists to create similar harmonic sounds
Slash! Released 'Encore un fois' later in the 90's which was a new poppier commercial trance sound
After trance faded out, genres like hard trance and hard house became popular
Dance changed and evolved so much during the 90's
There were bands like The Prodigy who mixed in a whole range of dance genres into their songs- house, synthpunk, techno etc..
Other dance artists in the 90's similarly experimented with lots of different sub-genres and this meant that 90's dance trends changed so quickly that sometimes releases were only popular for a week or so.
Some other recognizable dance records from the 90's are 'It Feels So Good' by Sonique, 'Insomnia' by Faithless
Other stuff
Chillout music became popular in the late 90's/early 00's. AIR and Zero 7 were very prominent artists in this genre- many songs recognised from being in adverts!
Jungle (like todays Drum 'n Bass) was based on a combination of drum loops and bass-lines at a fast tempo of about 170 beats per minute.
Trip-hop tunes had a down-tempo hip-hop drum loop, dubby bass-lines and haunting vocals. The sound was similar to that of dance music but with very slow-tempos which meant it was music to be listened to not danced to.
There were many sub-genres of electronic music in the 90's that only lasted a few years and some that still have a big influence on music today
2000's +
The introduction of synthesizers in the 70's gave the electronic music gene a huge boost in the right direction, followed shortly by drum and bass machines which gave music a whole extra non-human dimension and feeling to music.
The availability of music software in the 00's significantly increased- software like Garage Band meant that you didn't have to be professional to create electronic music
Nearly every genre contains the use of electronic elements- even a piece of country music might use a synthesizer or a bass machine
Music in the Top 40 chart is frequently house music or synthpop
Drum'n'bass evolved into dubstep, which is a massive trend in music right now.
Dupstep is thought to have been influenced by Reggae dub and even some disco sub-genres. Dubstep has been around since 2002 but really became more part of the commercial market in 2010/2011.
Dubstep artist Magnetic Man, Nero and Flux Pavillion are well-know dubstep artists.
Even pop artists like have picked up the dubstep sounds in their recent albums, like the chorus in Taylor Swifts 'I knew You Were Trouble (receiving many criticisms from pop-hating dubstep fans!)
Electro House
Electro house derived influences from other sub-genres such as 80's electro, synthpop and hi-NRG (high energy/up-tempo electronic dance music).
Recognizable electro house music today would be songs like 'Titanium ft. Sia' by David Guetta, 'Levels' by Avicii and 'The Veldt' by Deadmau5.
Many subgenres have come into existence; complextro (glitchy, intricate basslines and synth leads- artists like Madeon, Skillrex are good examples of this), dutch house (takes influences from hip-hop and has a lower emphasis on basslines- Afrojack for example)
Synthpop has been one of the biggest subgenres of pop music popular in the 00's. Synthpop holds big influences from 80's but also shows new influences from electro house, R&B and trance.
It was Lady Gaga burst on to the pop scene in 2008, reintroducing this genre back into the mainstream audience, with songs like 'Just Dance' and 'Poker Face.'
Another sub-genres of pop very close to this is dance-pop, which developed from synthpop with a strong emphasis on beats and a catchy structure, for examples Rihanna's 'Please don't stop the music' and Katy Perry's 'Firework.'
In the 80's MIDI revolutionized all music technology and allowed electronic artists to be even more creative with the music they were producing
Though music genres have evolved hugely over this time, there is a trend which seems to reoccur in which influences are taken from decades about 20 years prior. Present music now takes a lot of influence from 80's music, like Daft Punk and synthpop; whereas the 90's took inspiration from the 70's with its basis dance beats and drum machines.
New technology in the 00' plus MIDI has meant that software on computers can allow anybody to be able to create music in the comfort of their own homes- completely changing the way the music industry works!
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