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AB32

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by

Lindsay Goodwin

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of AB32

Low-Carbon
Fuels Fats, Oils & grease
Wastewater
Stormwater
Pollutants Involved in activities that support AB 32 implementation AB 32
Reduce CA
GHG Emissions
to 1990 levels
by 2020
~
Reduce GHG emissions to 80% of 1990 levels
by 2050 * http://www.city-data.com/city/California.html (CARB)
Monitors and enforces reporting, verification and compliance with AB32 Position economy to benefit CA to become a leader in GHG reductions Global warming is a threat California Global Warming Solutions Act – AB32 * California Air Resources Board Long-Term Emission Targets Further reductions through 2050 Deadline for achieving 1990 emission levels Low-Carbon Fuel Standard
takes effect 10%
reduction in fuel’s Carbon intensity 25%
Renewable Portfolio Standard 33%
Renewable Portfolio Standard 20%
Renewable Portfolio Standard Phase I
Cap-and-trade takes effect 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020…
Cap reduced
2% Phase II
Cap reduced 3% annually Cap on stationary emissions Biogas
Biodiesel
Renewable Diesel
Renewable Energy Water Efficiency
Combined heat and power
Green Buildings
Urban Forestry
Recycling and Waste Sector
Carbon Offsets Reduce Stack
Emissions Replace High-Carbon
Products with
Low-Carbon Products Increase
Energy Efficiencies Engage in
GHG Reducing
Activities CARB's scoping plan outlines GHG reducing measures to be implemented

AB 32 will require WWTPs to upgrade systems to reduce stack emissions

It provides mechanisms to help fund these upgrades

Upgrades to wastewater treatment systems can generate $
- the sooner uprades ar implemented
the more $ can be made off of them AB 32: Opportunities for wastewater Annual
Monetary Savings
15.3%
$298,451 The new San Francisco Public Utilities building currently applying for LEED platinum status: *KMD Architects Save Energy Now energy audit of the Oceanside treatment plant and Westside pump station. Payback Period
11.1 years GHG Savings
1,460,592 lbs CO2 Annual
Energy Savings
17.8%
2,787,389kWh Implementation
Cost
$3,317,201 *Environmental Protection Agency It works! The 1990 Clean Air Act established a cap and trade system to reduce SO2 emissions to 50% of 1980 levels. *University of Wisconsin *examiner.com Why Use a Cap-and-Trade System? Allowance Allowance Cap The 2020 cap is set at
365 MMT CO2e GHG Reducing
Technologies &
Low-Carbon Products Greenhouse Gas Reducing Projects Trade Cap-and-Trade for AB 32 A “cap” is a mandatory limit on the amount of GHG emissions produced “Allowance” means an authorization to emit, during a specified year, up to one ton of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). 1st Quarterly Auction
$289 Million AB 1532 Disadvantaged Communities 25% benefit SB 535 Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund Eligible
Entities Businesses
Non-Profits
Public Agencies
Community Orgs. Funding
Possibilities Bio-fuels
Renewable energy generation
Municipal solid waste diversion
Low-Carbon Public Transportation
Investments by local and regional agencies
Investments by local and regional collaborative
Research & development of innovative technologies 10% fund projects in Reporting requirement lowered to 21,039 MTCO2E by 2020
Additional reductions to 2050 Report & Verification Abbreviated Report No Report 13,311 MTCO2e 5,710 MTCO2e Southeast Plant Oceanside Plant MTCO2E Reporting for Wastewater Enterprise 30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0 AB 32 requires utilities to report GHG emissions We currently pay $ for biosolid disposal Land application controversial ? million gallons of cleaned effluent released annually We currently use _% of produced methane
Accounts for _% of power usage
Saves the SFPUC _$ Combined
Heat & Power CPUC Our Current
WWT system Implications
for Wastewater Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Fund Auction Upgraded WWTP
Using AB 32 funding Biosolids Effluent FOG Costs $3.5 million annually Greasecycle program currently converting diverted FOG to biodiesel
Generates $ ? Emission reductions must be:
In addition to norm
Quantifiable
Enforceable
Permanent
Verifiable
Real Registered and
recorded as a
carbon offset *Building: Best Clipart Blog *Windmills: Geo Images *Trees: about.com *Solar Panel: University of Maryland, Center for Environmental Science *Factory: Dixie Allen * Smoke: tutorialsstock.com Entities not covered by cap-and-trade invest in CARB approved emission reducing programs Carbon Offsets Offset Protocols CRT Will adopt additional protocols Will develop additional protocols SFPUC legislative affairs office should provide input for protocol development and adoption Establishes protocols for CO2e reductions
Issues Climate Reserve Tonnes (CRTs)
Verifies GHG reductions and issues CRTs Determines which protocols generate CRT’s that are eligible to cover GHG reductions The planting and maintenance of trees in urban areas can reduce greenhouse gasses and earn carbon offsets:
Credits issued based annual on net tree gain
Credits can be sold to other entities
Municipalities, educational campuses and utilities are eligible
Project must be on less than 100 acres
Trees must be a minimum of 5 meters apart
Credits can be accrued for 100 years *Building: Best Clipart Blog *Tree: Smucker Company *Wind: classroomclipart.com * Leaves: polyvore.com *GHG molecules: Spark UCAR Science Education *Sun: Clipart Mountain Trees remove Co2 and other GHG from the atmosphere and sequester them in their leaves, branches trunks and roots. Urban Forest Protocol Trees reduce energy use by blocking out sun and wind, decreasing the need for heating and cooling.
Methane Utilized:
Boiler
Turbine
Fuel cell
Engine (CHP)
Pipeline injection
Vehicle fuel Methane Neutralized:
Flare Sludge & Food Waste
Co-digestion:
Possible future protocol? Organic Food Waste
Digestion Protocol:
Includes livestock co-digestion
Awaiting CARB Approval Livestock Protocol:
CARB Approved Solids Anaerobic Digester Liquids Methane capture Digester Digester Low heat High heat Petroleum Diesel

Biosolids/wood Renewable Diesel

Biosolids/wood Renewable Diesel

Fats, oils & grease Biodiesel

Natural gas Compressed

Dairy manure Biomethane

Landfill gas Biomethane

Food waste Biomethane Carbon Intensity (CI) - The total GHG emissions for the lifecycle of the fuel measured in grams of CO2e per mega joule of fuel energy. 15.94 19.65 39.33 94.71 68.00 13.45 11.26 -15.29 Feedstock Fuel 0g C02E/MJ Low Carbon Fuels (REC): A certificate of proof that one megawatt of energy was produced from a renewable source. Biomass Solar Low-Impact Hydro Wind California utilities must achieve a 33% renewable energy mix by 2020
Public Utilities Code 399.30 (k):
SFPUC may meet RPS demands with Hetch Hetchy power or RPS-eligible supplies
Prevents the displacement of GHG free energy for RPS-eligible energy
Prevents increased costs for the SFPUC San Francisco Municipality Does not currently fulfill renewable energy requirement for the Renewable Portfolio Standard due to environmental impact Mostly large hydroelectric Adopt
Protocol Sell offsets to entities regulated by cap-and-trade Earn Carbon Offsets Sell REC’s to CA utilities to help achieve RPS requirements Earn REC’s Produce Energy from Biomas Cap-and-Trade Sell fuel to entities regulated by the LCFS Produce
Low-Carbon Fuels Update, retrofit or expand existing infrastructure Greenhouse Gas
Reduction Fund Opportunities Through AB 32 Renewable
Energy Energy Efficiency
It produces 32% less energy than similarly sized buildings

It generates 7% of the energy it consumes

It recycles greywater for non-potable use SFPUC Best Practice Fertilizer Greywater Low-Carbon Fuel Standard Biomethane Biodiesel 10% reduction in the carbon intensity of transportation fuels by 2020 Renewable
Diesel $ We can make high-quality fertilizers, such as biochar... Recycling effluent for non-potable uses conserves waster and saves $
Alternative
Compliance Renewable
Energy Credits Renewable
Portfolio Standard Creates demand for
renewable energy Peak-Time
Use SFPUC provides GHG-free hydroelectric energy, emitting the least GHG of all large utilities in the state Hetch Hetchy Power System Sale in-house energy during peak-energy hours saves $ REC Produces renewable energy Uses REC to meet RPS
Full transcript