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Transcript of Social Process
processes Conjunctive Disjunctive 1) Cooperation 2) Accomodation 3) Assimilation “ A process of interpenetration and fusion in which persons and groups acquire memories, sentiments, and attitudes of other persons or groups; and by sharing their experiences and history, are incorporated with them in a common cultural life” --- Park and Burgess
Steps in assimilation 1 2 3 Learning the language of the other party Learning the attitude of the other group AMALGATION- inter-marriages of persons "it is possible to discover a number of relatively patterned elements of conflict, cooperation and competition in social relationships, although the concrete manifestations of these elements would vary according to the peculiarities of each concrete social situation" 4) Conflict “ a form of emotionalized and violent opposition in which the major concern is to overcome the opponent as a means of securing a given goal or reward.” ---Mack and Pease
“ a form of mutual interaction through which two or more persons attempt to remove each other either by annihilating or by rendering the other party ineffectual” ---Fichter
Conflict may take on the ff: Functions of CONFLICT May help establish unity and cohesion within a group
Internal conflicts become a stabilizing and integrating mechanism
Provides an outlet for the expression of suppressed emotions and frustrations On a person to person basis
National and international level 5) Contravention A social process in which the opposing persons or groups try to prevent each other from attaining an objective, whether or not the want it for themselves. 6) Competition Social process in which two or mores persons or groups are striving to attain the same objective. “ a less violent form of opposition in which two or more persons or groups struggle for same end or goal but attention is chiefly on the reward than on the competitor”—Mack and Pease
Functions of COMPETITION Personal competition assigns each individual his place in the social system
Plays a wide role in the selection of the members of different functional groups
Encourages achievement and leads to efficiency
Contributes to social change Keywords social process
two or more persons/ groups
common goal or reward
conjoint rather than opposing
Creates social cohesion and integration between groups
Contributes to social stability and order
Fosters consensus and compromise in various social issues
Types of Cooperation Informal cooperation Formal cooperation Symbiotic cooperation KEYWORDS:
minimum working arrangement
two or more persons / groups
prevent, reduce, eliminate conflict
adjust to each other
‘give and take’ Forms of Accomodation Domination Truce Compromise Conciliation and mediation Arbitration Toleration ACCULTURATION Process by which societies of different cultures are modified through fairly close and long continued contact, but do not blend with one another.
Up next....Chapter 8 :P