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The Kingdom of Kush

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Sue Hayles

on 17 June 2013

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Transcript of The Kingdom of Kush

By: Sue Hayles
Mr.Cornfield
June 12th-14th

The Kingdom of Kush (Nubia)
The kingdom of Kush was located in the modern day Republic of Sudan. The kingdom of Kush was situated on the rivers of the Blue Nile, the White Nile and the River Atbara. The kingdom of Kush was centered at Napata. It was an amazing location because it was right on the trade route.
Established in 970 BC and lasted
until 340 AD.
Men depended on the women for the maintenance of the family and home. While the women depended on the men for money and support. The main reason for marriage in a Kushites life was to produce children to carry on the family lineage. Arranged marriages in the Kingdom of Kush were very common but they often ended in divorce.
Family Life
The Kushites were able to harness living right near so many rivers and water sources so they could irrigate their crops. The Kushites grew wheat, barley, various fruits and vegetables. Some sources say that they also grew cotton. This was how the Kushites were able to make all of their clothing. The Kushites were a farming civilization and this allowed them to be so successful for so long.
Agriculture and Food Production
The first major event in the Kushite Civilization was when they declared independence from the Egyptians.
The second significant event was when King Piye invaded Egypt and took over becoming known as the 25th Dynasty.
The third was when Egypt re-took it's land forcing Kush back into it's original land.
The fourth was when the Kingdom of Kush was defeated by the King of Axum.
Major Historical Events
The Economy
Location and Dates
The economy of the Kushites was very simple. It consisted of the farmers, the soldiers, the traders, the miners and the blacksmiths. This was the basic foundation of their economy. The economy was run by the priests and the Pharaoh.
Because of the location of the Kingdom of Kush trade was the majority of the economy. The Kushites traded gold, tools made of iron, ivory and incense.
Language/Writing/Literature
Rise and Fall of the
Kingdom of Kush
Social Classes
Religion and Beliefs
Sports and Entertainment
Government and Political Structure
Military of Kush
Art and Architecture
Occupations
Inventions, Science and Technology
Important People
Family Clothes and Household Goods
Pictures
Work Cited:
Interesting Facts
The writing language of the Kushites was very similar to the ancient Egyptians. They wrote in hieroglyphs, hieratic and demotic scripts. In the second century AD the language became known as Meroitic and the language was then developed into a spoken and written language. Only the upper class people could read and write. The script was used for recording government, religious and business documentation. Nobody knows how to decipher the language due to the lack of information known about it.
K U S H
The rise of the kingdom of Kush was when they declared independence from the Egyptians in 970 BC. This allowed them to do their own thing and expand their Kingdom.
The Kushites came to their end when the Assyrians invaded the nothern parts of Kush. This caused the Kushites to migrate to their new capital called Meroë. After this Kush was successful for 1000 years. Then with the rise of the King of Axum Kush came to its end in 340 AD.
The social classes of the Kingdom of Kush were:
King/
Pharaoh
Priests and Nobles
Traders/Artisans/Scribes
Farmers/Herders
Unskilled Workers
The Religion is known as Polytheistic.
It was adopted from the Ancient Egyptians.
They believed strongly in the afterlife due to the Egyptian Influence.
The government was run by the king/pharaoh but the priests had divine authority that the king respected.
The government of the Kingdom of Kush was modeled after Egyptian government.
Unlike most inheritance lines the Kingdom of Kush passes the inheritance of the throne through the females.
The Kushite were influenced greatly by the Egyptians and then later on by the Africans in art and architecture.
ART: The art of the Kushites consisted of jewelry of fine gold and gems, pottery with paintings and carvings on the side and woven cloth.
ARCHITECTURE: The Kushites mainly built temples and pyramids, much like the Egyptians did. Although their pyramids tended to be smaller then the Egyptians.
The technology of the Kingdom of Kush is very simple. They were the first to figure out how to use Iron in and as weapons. They also came up with the first razor.
Along with this there was also remains of ancient mining tools found. This shows that they were able to extract what they needed from the mines with their invention.
"Kingdom of Kush." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 06 June 2013. Web. June 2013.
"Kingdom of Kush." Map. http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-ancient-history/kingdom-of-kush.html Web. June 2013.
There are not many sports/entertainment mentioned that the Kingdom of Kush participated in that are recorded. Because of the great influence of Egypt it is assumed that they did many of the same things. A sport that historians have proof of the Kingdom of Kush participating in is wrestling.
Along with the sport of wrestling came the want to observe the wrestling, this served as a source of entertainment for the people of Kush.
The Pharaoh had ultimate say in everything and the line of inheritance was passed through the women.
Priest and Nobles had the utmost respect from the king and the people. Communicated with the gods for the people.
They were very important in the society and were well off in the community.
Fed the cities and were rewarded for their work.
These people were the slaves, orphans and
the prisoners.
This was the breakdown for each city of the Kushites.
The clothing of the Kushites varied as time went on. At the beginning of their civilization they mimicked the clothing of the Egyptians, which was loose and white and made of cotton. But later on due to the influence of the trade and other groups of people that interacted with the people of Kush, they started to wear cotton clothes of intense designs and colours.
The clothing between the men and the women also varied. Men generally wore loin cloths or kilts with sandals. The women generally wore dresses or long skirts.
"Ancient Africa for Kids - the Kingdom of Kush / Nubia." Ancient Africa for Kids - the Kingdom of Kush / Nubia. Web. June 2013.
Archers were an important part in the Kushite community because they were what protected the people from their enemies. They were the strong point in the Kushite army and they were what kept the civilization going for over 1000 years. Other then the archers the army of Kush is not talked about very much. Only that they were able to fight to take over Egypt for a short period of time, but then lost control forcing
them back to they way they were before the
took Egypt.
The important people in the Kushite Civilization:
King Piye- conquered all of Lower Egypt and built the first pyramid in the Kushite society.
King Shabako- fought the Assyrian army but failed and had to retreated.
King Tanutamani- attempted to re-take Egypt but was defeated by the Assyria Army in 664 B.C.
King Kashta- maintained peace time period and controlled much of Upper Egypt at the time of the Kushites.
"Time Line of Kush." Time Line of Kush. N.p., n.d. Web. June 2013.
Dijkstra, Henk. History of the Ancient & Medieval World. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 1996. Print.
Life expectancy of the Kushites was 20-25 years old or less
The priests in Meroë were able to decide when the king should be put to death
The Kingdom of Kush was also known as the Kingdom of Gold due to the surplus of gold in the area
The beginning of the Kingdom of Kush was known as the 25th Dynasty
The Kingdom of Kush had three capitals in its time period: Kerma, Napata, and Meroë.
The occupations in the kingdom of Kush were:
Miners: The miners were the ones that took the gold out of the mines so that the Kushites could use the gold for jewelry and trade.
Trade men: These were the people that were in charge of the trade and running the imports and exports in the kingdom of Kush.
Priest: Were the connection between the gods and the people. They had more authority then the king at times and could choose when the king should die.
Blacksmiths: Were the people who made all the iron tools and accessories for the kingdom of Kush.
"Kingdom of Kush." - New World Encyclopedia. Web. June 2013.http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Kingdom_of_Kush
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