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Transcript of Houbara
WHAT IS ALHOUBARA?
The Houbara Bustard is a small to mid-sized bustard. It measures 55–65 cm (22–26 in) in length and spans 135–170 cm (53–67 in) across the wings. It is brown above and white below, with a black stripe down the sides of its neck. In flight, the long wings show large areas of black and brown on the flight feathers. It is slightly smaller and darker than Macqueen's Bustard. The sexes are similar, but the female, at 66 cm (26 in) tall, is rather smaller and greyer above than the male, at 73 cm (29 in) tall. The body mass is 1.15–2.4 kg (2.5–5.3 lb) in males and 1–1.7 kg (2.2–3.7 lb) in females
why is biodiversity important?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play.
•What happens to the food web if they become extent?
If one consumer in a food chain became extinct all the others would be in danger and the food chain would collapse because they need each other for food. So if houbara extent it will affect the food chain and other consumer.
What part do houbara play in the food chain?
Houbara bird plays an important place in the food chain or web ,houbara lives in the desert and prefer the warm places it works on what most animals do is to eat whatever they can find in, in this way houbara could play a part of many different food chain this is because they eat plants seeds shoots ,as well as locusts beetles ,and lizard all of these animals can be linked together in a food web ,if the bustard could not find seeds it might eat more beetles ,this would leave fewer beetles for animals in the other food chains to eat .
Key Idea 2: Why are the houbara endangered?
What is the historical/ cultural background of the houbara?
- To what level they are endangered?
Done by: Mozoun Ahmed , Mudhi Ali , Alia salem.
key Idea 1: where do houbara live?
The Houbara Bustard is found in the Canary Islands, North Africa, Iran, Saudi Arabia, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, China, and the UAE. It breeds in deserts and other very arid sandy areas and is largely resident within its range.
The houbara is a part of UAE culture and past because it had helped our ancestors to live and adapt within the desert climate and it was also a source of food for them .
-What has been the impact of falconers since the UAE found? Eg the impact of the 4WD on the range of falconers.
The falconers had an great impact when the UAE was founded because it is considered as an a sport , and that doesn’t affect the houbara since the eagles are the ones who hunt them not by human guns .
The houbara is at the beginning of the level of getting endangered but UAE and specially NARC work on reproduction those birds by using useful methods and rules .
- what is the pressure on the habitat through the development of the UAE?
UAE is developing so fast and the deserts turned into green lands and that effect on the houbara habitat because he is a shy bird that prefer living in places where are no people around .
- What is the impact of poaching here and overseas ?
poaching is more of a danger to the houbara than hunting because the hunting is regulated and controlled Poaching is mass-scale hunting and can wipe out the species in no time if left unchecked .
Key Idea 3: How are we trying to save houbara?
Why did the late sheikh Zayed start NARC 18 years ago?
The late Sheikh Zayed first noticed the decline of the Houbara while falconing over 20 years ago. He then went on to establish the NARC centre 18 years ago. Sheikh Zayed won world recognition for his environmental work posthumously in 2005 (presented to Sheikh Khalifa).
Why are breeding birds and releasing birds treated differently?
Falconry birds are trained to come back for food. When released to hunt, they are free to return to the wild, but most return to their falconer time and time again. Even birds recently trapped return to their handlers. Some of this is acclimation to returning to the falconer on cue, but much of it can be attributed to the bird realizing that the falconer provides good quality food, safe habitat, and security.
How successfully is the NARC program and how is this measured?
They particularly enjoyed researching information on the bird (features, food, environment and threats to its survival) as well as suggesting ways to protect it.
understanding the need for captive-breeding ?
The first effort to start breeding this bird was initiated in the Al Ain Zoo 30 years ago with a group of birds that came from different countries. "The programme succeeded, with the hatching of the first chick in 1982," says Al Baidani. Considering it was the first time something like this was being attempted in this country, it was an enormous achievement.
Key Idea 4: Migration: what is it all about?
why do they migerate?
Houbara migrate Aldnham and the Arabian Bustard in the north-central and west Africa towards the north in June of each year to breed, then back to the south in October.
Similarly, the species known as the Asian Houbara Almaqueeni migrate from the land where intermarried in the countries of the former Soviet Union, China and some parts of Mongolia, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula.
Where and when do they migrate?
The migration of the houbara starts in autumn when it start getting cold. It begins its migration from Mongolia, china and Kazakhstan.
How houbara tracked and what information is retrieved from the tracking?
Radio and satellite-tracking studies have revealed many aspects of the houbara previously secret life including: survival, breeding behavior, habitat use, migration routes and favored staging or wintering areas