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Counterclaim of Rational Judgment
-Judges, lawyers, government officials and law enforcement officers work together to keep morality and equity in a country
-One of the most rational systems for judgement
Their ways of knowing:
To What Extent Can People's Judgement Be Rational?
Real life situation: college applications and college admissions
Knowledge claim: People's judgments are usually tried to be kept as rational as possible
The many requirements that colleges ask for seems to make the process look rational
Ways of knowing:
What Is a Rational Judgement?
Not bias or stereotypical
Logical and has a reasoning to it
Not based on one's appearance (done through our perception)
Example: Asians and the stereotypical view
-Relates to area of knowledge: psychology and people's tendency to form stereotypes
Star athletes and alumni that gets admitted to a college
First impression left by looking at college application of a student (superficial)
-For example: Grades and using that as first impression
Use trials to decide and make judgements for different cases
Have experts, such as lawyers, to argue for the trials
-Before making any assumptions, lawyers collect evidences and researches to prove their point
Use this justice system to make everything fair and moral
-No emotions and
But different nations= controversy on justice system, so it leads the question of the accuracy of judgments, even if it's rationale
How do these impressions then affect one's understanding on someone?
Knowledge claim: First impressions are always how people view another
Example: College admissions and their impression on applicants' knowledge through grades and standardized testing
-Some students can be great test takers
- However, for people with test nervousness, it may not accurately show their knowledge & ability
Example 2: Job interviews
-First impression left is through their behaviors and
Judgement on Knowledge
Definition: How assessments reflect or represent how much knowledge you know about a subject?
To make college admissions more fair, essays are also required as part of college application
-Allows college to understand the applicant through his/her writing
For job interviews, probation are now used on individuals to see their work ability
Stereotype: Social perception of an individual in terms of group membership
How does it form (2 important points)?
Why does it form?
-Because no one is ever going to fully understand another person, so assumptions about them are made
This is applied to judgment then, and that's how it'll affect it
Counterclaim for Impressions
To some extent, rational judgments can be made in certain systems in society, such as the justice system.
-Can be controversy in other cultures
The same case in college admissions and many other everyday life events. Our judgments are affected by emotions & perception.
-Therefore our judgments toward people are usually inaccurate but rational, because we're humans that make assumptions based on what we see.
Rational judgments on people can exist in the society but it may not be accurate, as it is affected by how we perceive it.