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Moral/Philosophical Approach

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Josae Imani

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of Moral/Philosophical Approach

Josae Martin & Edidion Utibe
AP Literature
November 8, 2012 Moral/Philosophical Approach What Exactly is Moral/Philosophical approach? What are the Advantages ? What are the disadvantages? Applying to Literature I was born by the river in a little tent
Oh and just like the river I've been running ever since
It's been a long, a long time coming
But I know a change gonna come, oh yes it will

It's been too hard living but I'm afraid to die
'Cause I don't know what's up there beyond the sky
It's been a long, a long time coming
But I know a change gonna come, oh yes it will

I go to the movie and I go downtown
Somebody keep telling me, "Don't hang around"
It's been a long, a long time coming
But I know a change gonna come, oh yes it will

Then I go to my brother
And I say, "Brother, help me please"
But he winds up knockin' me
Back down on my knees

Oh there been times that I thought I couldn't last for long
But now I think I'm able to carry on
It's been a long, a long time coming
But I know a change gonna come, oh yes it will


Read more: SAM COOKE - A CHANGE IS GONNA COME LYRICS Moral/Philosophical approach is one of the oldest approaches; Greeks and Romanians time.

PLATO emphasized morality and utilitarianism
HORACE literature should be delightful and instructive


Basic function of such critics larger function of literature is

· Teach morality

· Probe philosophical issues

· Interpret literature within the context of philosophical thought of a period or group. Useful for works that present an obvious moral philosophy, especially music.

When considering themes of works, moral/philosophical approach play a huge role.

Does not view Literature merely as "art" isolated from all moral implications.

Recognizes that literature has an affect on readers and the message of a work is very important. Other critics would say that this form of criticism is very " judgemental". Most believe that when it comes to literature, it should be judged based on the art of a work and not its moral and philosophical content. Take formalist for example. " A Change Gonna Come" - Sam Cook Coyote and Buffalo Examples: In Mark Twain's novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, he uses several different themes. His themes help to portray the meaning and message of the novel. Twain's major theme in the novel is man's inhumanity to man. Huck Finn states, "Human beings can be awfully cruel to one another" (254). This theme occurs several times throughout the novel. He develops this theme through the inhumane actions of Pap towards Huck, the feuds between the Grangerfords and the Shephersons, and the dishonesty of the King and the Duke to the Wilks girls, the townsmen, and their betrayal of Jim for money. Activity ! Mark Twain's "Man's Inhumanity to Man" A great example where the moral/philosophical approach to criticism may be applied is in the trickster tale, “Coyote and the Buffalo,” retold by Mourning Dove. Let’s recap that this is a myth explaining why no buffalos ever appear west of the mountains. However from the moral philosophical perspective, it holds more important features than just that. From the moral philosophical viewpoint, these features are the main purpose for tale altogether. Dove teaches morality and probes philosophical issues. Qualities brought about in the tale include, vanity, shrewdness, and greed.
Vanity – In the beginning of the story, Coyote comes across bones, which he soon realizes are those of Buffalo Bull, one who he was always afraid of. He remembers how Buffalo Bull would scare him, and in response to this thought, Coyote then spits on the bones, and kicks them around in laughter. This arrogance leads him to life-threatening trouble.
Shrewdness – After Buffalo Bull comes back to life, he attacks Coyote for his disrespectful actions toward his bones. While pursuing him, Coyote cleverly makes conversation with the buffalo, as a means to ease his temper and delay the attack. He asks for a last smoke and when permitted, offers Buffalo Bull, who then rejects it. Coyote uses this opportunity to comment on Buffalo Bull’s horns. He takes the buffalo’s attention off of the current situation by bringing up the fact that his horns could use some sharpening to defeat his nemesis, Young Buffalo. Coyote’s cunning acts save his life.
However, the moral left with the readers comes in the end.
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